family and kinship gender roles and relations social and economic classes racial and ethnic constructions inequalities life styles
leaders, elites political structures and forms of governance nations and nationalism revolts and revolutions war, diplomacy, and treaties courts and laws
interactions (between humans and environment)
demography and disease patterns of settlement migration technology
religions belief systems, philosophies, and ideologies math, science, and technologies the arts and architecture writing and literature
type of system labor systems technology and industry trade and commerce capital/money types of businesses