Period of European history known as the Renaissance roughly covers the time from a) 1100 to 1400 b) 1200 to 1500 c) 1300-1600 d) 1400-1700
c) 1300-1600
The best synonym for secular is a) new b) worldly c) humane d) religious
b) worldly
To become known as an important patron, one most needed to be a) wealthy b) creative c) religious d) intellectual
a) Wealthy
The technique known as perspective is most useful in the creation of a) drama b) sculpture c) two-dimension art d) the sonnet form in poetry
c) Two-dimension art
A person who produces work "in the vernacular" is one who a) relies on realism b) uses only natural light c) uses a verse form of writing d) writes in local, rather than a classical, language
d) Writes in local, rather than a classical language
The intellectual and cultural movement known as humanism arose from the study of a) medieval scholarship b) original Christian writings c) classical Greek and Roman culture d) the contributions of the Tang and Song dynasties
c) Classical Greek and Roman culture
What were the major causes of the European Renaissance?
Plague- survivors desired to enjoy life and questioned christian technique City Growth- increased exchange of ideas and intellectual collaboration Fall of Constantinople- Scholars brought Greek texts back to Rome /Italy Rise of Merchant Class- more money available to support arts because of trade
Renaissance painters in Flanders, as in Italy, tended to produce work that was a) realistic b) idealistic c) distorted d) formal and tightly structured
a) realistic
In Greek, the word "Utopia" means a) "highest" b) "no place" c) "everywhere" d) "an ideal place"
b) "no place"
The first use of moveable type was in a) Greece b) Germany c) Italy d) China
d) China
The printing press was invented by a) Jan van Eyck b) Johann Gutenberg c)Peter Bruegel the Elder d) Hans Holbein the Younger
b) Johann Gutenberg
Which of the following correctly matches the author with something he or she wrote? a) Thomas More and "Utopia" b) Christine de Pizan and "Hamlet" c) William Shakespeare and "The Price of Folly" d) Desiderius Erasmus and "Gargantua and Pantagruel"
A) Thomas More and "Utopia
Which of the following did Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More have in common? a) Both were French b) Both wrote in English c) Both were considered humanists d) Both rejected religion and the Bible
c) Both were considered humanists
What was one important and lasting of the invention of the Printing press?
a) made bible available decreasing reliance on Church b) increase in literacy c) increase in knowledge of the world
any leader who used deceit to impose his or her will
wrote The Book of Courtier
Thomas More
pressed for social reform, wrote "Utopia" was against the Act of Supremacy, executed for treason, was later canonized as a saint
writer who wrote 37 plays, expresses universal themes in everyday realistic settings, work explored Renaissance ideals such as the complexity of individuals and importance of the classics, characters spoke in language ordinary people could understand, his love of words enriched the English language
monk, physician, greek scholar, author, used his characters to offer opinions on religion, education, and other serious subjects, he was deeply religious but had doubts about the organized church
making thing look real through perspective or 3D art which represented humans and landscapes
The Prince
written by Machiavelli, guide on how to gain and maintain power, urged rulers to use whatever methods in order to receive their goals, the ends justifies the meanings
The Courtier
written by Castigilone, describes manners, skills, learning, and virtues a member of the court should have the person has to be well rounded like the people in Athens (lightness strength, wit, know how to perform weapons)
written by Thomas More, describes an ideal society where men and women live in peace and harmony
Christian humanist who called for Church reforms, urged for a return to the simple ways of the early Christian Church
family that ranked among the richest merchants and bankers in Europe, Lorenzo was a clever politician who helped Florence in hard times, family's wealth and influence transformed Florence, symbolized energy and brilliance of Renaissance
not involving religion, church tried to protect papal states against these rulers, plotted against power monarchs who tried to seize control of the Church within their lands.
financial supporter of the arts (ex. Lorenzo Medici)
artistic technique used to give paintings and drawings 3D effect
Leonardo De Vinci
genius, sketched nature and models which lead to learning how bones and muscles work, created Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, artist but had many talents which included botany, architecture, anatomy, music, and engineering, sketches for flying machines and undersea boats, most of his paintings are lost now.
sculptor, engineer, painter, architect, poet, his work reflects his life-long spiritual and artistic struggles, created David and Pieta, created ceiling in Sistine chapel which took 4 years and left him partially crippled.
everyday language of ordinary people
wrote "the prince", wanted people to unite northern Italy and insulate it from foreign interference, wanted to understand how to best obtain and hold power
started in Italy, time of creativity and great change in many areas (political, social, economic, cultural) trade was more important during this time, knowledge helped more people comprehend the world more accurately
study of subjects such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry, and history, that were taught in ancient Greece and Rome/ was emphasized a lot
an intellectual movement at the hear of the Renaissance that focused on education and the classics (Greek and Roman cultures which increased understanding of own times where pious Christians focused on worldly subjects)
city that was center of the Italian Renaissance, Medici family ruled this city and helped it flourish