A New England Nun summary
Louisa Ellis is living alone for many years and is used to her lifestyle, with a strict routine and way of living. She lives with her dog Caesar who has been chained up due to biting a neighbor years ago.

Louisa is waiting for Joe Dagget to return home, being that she promised to marry him. When he returns Louisa is clearly disturbed by the change and fears how life with Joe will change the life she made for herself. A week before the wedding Louisa finds out that Joe and Lily Dyer, who had been taking care of Joe's ill mother, have feelings for each other. Joe refuses to break his promise to Louisa, so she later releases Joe from the promise without letting him know she knew about his feelings for Lily. In the end Louisa is able to live the life she wants unmarried.

A New England Nun characters
Louisa EllisJoe DaggetLily DyerCaesar (dog)
A New England Nun: Louisa Ellis
protagonistcomes to love her own independent lifestyle
A New England Nun: Joe Dagget
AntagonistLouisa's fiance/gone for 14 yearsfalls in love with Lily
A New England Nun: lily dyer
Watched Joe's motherfalls in love with Joe but respects his promise to Louisa
A New England Nun: Caesar
Louisa's dog/always chained up after one incident
A New England Nun: conflict
Louisa does not want to marry Joe after being engaged for 14 yearsShe feels bound by her engagement and desires to be a free woman
A New England Nun: theme
Feminism (Women can be independent and happier in solitude without a male companion)Realism (Love does not remain forever, and eventually habit or lust overtakes love, diminishing it)
A New England Nun: symbolism - Caesar
Caesar: The dog has been chained up for 14 years, similar to how Louisa has been engaged for 14 years which restricts her, especially if she were to get married.

A New England Nun: symbolism - canary
Canary: The bird flutters wildly whenever Joe is present, symbolizing Louisa's dilemma over her engagement, her disdain for any change to her structured and routine life, and Joe's intrusion in said life
The Yellow Wallpaper: summary
Jane's physician and husband say that, to cure her illness, she must not do any physical/ mental work but she thinks activity will help herJane stays in old nursery that has yellow wallpaperJane writes in secretJane beings to imagine women caged inside the wallpaper Insanity -> rips wallpaper to free the womenJohn comes into Jane's roomJohn faints when he sees Jane Jane is liberated
The Yellow Wallpaper: characters
Jane John Unnamed women
The Yellow Wallpaper: jane
Protagonist Post pardon depression Goes insane after being trapped in yellow wallpaper roomLiberated
The Yellow Wallpaper: john
Janes husband
The Yellow Wallpaper: unnamed women
Hallucinated woman by Jane.Represents Jane's situation -> trapped and oppressedWhen jane rips wallpaper to free the woman, she too becomes liberated
The Yellow Wallpaper: conflict
Jane vs. John: john forces Jane to behave the way he thinks a sick woman shouldJane vs Society: her subordinate position causes her to go insane
The Yellow Wallpaper: themes
Dangers of patriarchyFeminism/ Self-expression
The Yellow Wallpaper: symbolism - wallpaper
Unpleasant pattern that she imagines women caged inDomestic life that traps women/ women's inferiority
The Yellow Wallpaper: effect that the room previously being a nursery has on Jane
Makes her more insane...

Worsens her depression after losing her child

The Great Gatsby: characters
Nick CarrawayJay GatsbyDaisy Buchanan Tom BuchananJordan Baker Myrtle WilsonGeorge Wilson
The Great Gatsby: Nick Carraway
NarratorWest eggLives next to gatsby
The Great Gatsby: Jay Gatsby
ProtagonistWest eggPartiesTrying to get Daisy for himself
The Great Gatsby: Daisy Buchanan
Tom's wifeEast EggLoved GatsbyObsessed with money
The Great Gatsby: tom Buchanan
Daisy's husband East eggAffair w myrtle
The Great Gatsby: jordan baker
Daisy's friendCompetitive golferDates nick
The Great Gatsby: myrtle wilson
George's wifeTom's mistress Valley of ashesKilled by Daisy (hit with car)
The Great Gatsby: george wilson
Myrtle's husband Valley of ashesOwns garage Kills gatsby
The Great Gatsby: summary
Nick Carraway moves to West Egg where he rents a house near his cousin Daisy and next door to a man by the name of Jay Gatsby who throws lavish parties for hundreds of strangers in quest to attain his long lost love, aka Nick's cousin, Daisy. Nick dines at Daisy's home one evening and is later invited by her husband, Tom, to meet his mistress, Myrtle, who he is cheating on Daisy with. Gatsby quickly befriends Nick in order to reach Daisy. They soon begin to have their own affair that Tom grows suspicious of. Tom and Gatsby fight over Daisy in which all of his past secrets spill out.

Driving Gatsby's car, Daisy hits Myrtle and drives away. Due to Tom's jealousy, George now thinks Gatsby was the one to kill his wife. As any loyal husband would do, George shoots Gatsby in a swimming pool and then commits suicide. Meanwhile, Tom and Daisy move away, and only three people, Nick, Gatsby's father, and Owl Eyes, attend Gatsby's funeral.

Nick moves back West having had enough.

The Great Gatsby: setting
East Egg, Long IslandWest Egg, Long IslandValley of Ashes (between Eggs and Manhattan)Manhattan
The Great Gatsby: conflict
Person vs person: want something you can't have (Gatsby wants Daisy, Tom wants both a mistress and a wife)Reality vs desires/dreamsPresent vs Past
The Great Gatsby: themes
Decline of the american dreamMoney/ wealth/ classLoveCant repeat the past
The Great Gatsby: symbol - valley of ashes
Idea that the rich = way too rich & the poor = way too poor (huge gap between the two)Wealthy's disregard for the suffering of the lower class
The Great Gatsby: symbol - green light
Gooo get Daisy$$$envyGatsby's dreams and hopes which are too far in the distance and difficult to grasp
The Great Gatsby: eyes on billboard
God looking down on the people and judging American society's corrupt morals
The Story of an Hour: characters
Mrs. Louise MallardBrently Mallard (her husband)Josephine (Mrs. Mallard's sister)Richards (Brentley's friend)
The Story of an Hour: summary

Louise Mallard is young woman who is married to Brently Mallard. Mrs. Mallard has a heart condition, which makes it difficult for Josephine and Richards when they have to break the news that her husband was killed in a "railroad disaster". Quickly, she wept and then went into her room.

Taking into consideration that the novel is centered around the feminist ideals of women being capable of maintaining their own, Mrs. Mallard was rather happy and even ecstatic to hear of her husband's death (as horrible as that may sound). Of course she does feel slight grief for his death, yet she views the opportunity of the new life that she has as one where she could and will be in charge (no longer is their a force bending upon her will). After spending time contemplating how she would fair as a widow, she came to the realization that she was a free woman. Josephine implored for her to open the door (concerned that Louise's heart condition and the news of her husband's death would be too much to bear), and Louise did so, and they walked down the stairs. At the same moment, Brently Mallard opened the door and Louise had an immediate heart attack, described by the doctors as her death was a result of heart disease: the joy that kills.

The Story of an Hour: mrs. Mallard
Lives in submissionDies when she finds out her husband is alive (her freedom is taken again)
The Story of an Hour: themes
FeminismWomen are capable individuals
The Story of an Hour: conflict
Person vs self: mrs. Mallard struggles with living under the control of a man, glories the freedom she has without himPerson vs person: mr. Mallard oppresses her
The Story of an Hour: symbol - mrs. Mallard's death
FreedomTakes control over her life
Julius Caesar: characters
Julius Caesar: brutus
BrutusBelieves strongly in the roman republicWants the best for roman citizens Manipulated into joining conspiratorsTragic hero of play
Julius Caesar: antony
Antagonist Persuades Romans to withdraw, support of brutus in his speech at the funeral
Julius Caesar: cassius
Persuades brutus to join conspirators
Julius Caesar: octavius
Caesar's adopted son and appointed successorIs in charge by end of play
Julius Caesar: Julius caesar
Great roman generalSome worry he may aspire to dictatorship
Julius Caesar: Decius
Conspirator Convinces Caesar to go to Senate and that calpurnia misinterpreted her dream
Julius Caesar: soothsayer
Tries to warn Caesar of upcoming dangers
Julius Caesar: calpurnia
Caesar's wifePleads caesar to not go to the senate
Julius Caesar: setting
Ancient rome
Julius Caesar: plot - rising actions
Caesar denies crow when Antony offered it Conspirators become nervous about Caesar's growing/ king-like power and his popularity with the commonersCassius wants to recruit Brutus to the conspirators bc of his popularity among the Romans Cassius gives fake letters from citizens (criticizing Caesar) to Brutus so he will join conspirators conspirators Kill CaesarAt funeral, Brutus declares that he loves Rome > Caesar, and Caesar's ambition posed a danger to Roman liberty
Julius Caesar: plot - climax
Antony's speechpersuades the audience to withdraw its support of Brutuscauses Rome to fall into chaos and everything afterward is downhill for Brutus
Julius Caesar: plot - falling actions
War: Brutus and Cassius VS Antony and Octavius Cassius orders his servant to kill him bc he believes they are losingTitinius sees Cassius's corpse and kills himselfBrutus Kills himself (falls on his sword) Caesar is avenged Octavius is in power Antony calls Brutus the noblest of all Romans (Brutus genuinely believed that he acted for the benefit of Rome)
Julius Caesar: conflict
Man vs.

Man: Antony and Octavius vs. Brutus and CassiusMan vs. self: Brutus faces internal conflicts over whether or not to kill CaesarMan vs. society: Caesar is trying to be a moral leader for the public, Brutus is trying to persuade the community to agree with his actions, Antony persuades crowd to disagree with Brutus' actions

Julius Caesar: themes
Power of speech/ PersuasionCaesar persuades crowd of his good intentions by refusing crownCassius persuades conspirators (esp Brutus)Brutus persuades crowd at funeral of the justified actions of killing CaesarAntony persuades crowd to withdraw its support of Brutus
The Storm: characters
Calixta Al?eeClarisseBobinôtBibi
The Storm: Calixta
Mother of Bibi Married to BobinôtExtra- marital affair w Al?ee
The Storm: al?ee
Calixta's old boyfriendExtra- marital affair w Calixta
The Storm: Clarisse
Al?ee's wife
The Storm: Bobinôt
Calixta's husband
The Storm: Bibi
Calixta's son
The Storm: plot
Bibi and his father get stuck at a store because of a major storm and worry about Calixta.

While Calixta is at home sewing when a past lover, Alecée, shows up unannounced. Calixta invites him in and the 2 rekindle an old spark and she cheats on her husband. After the storm Bibi and Bobinôt return and are worried that Calixta will be angry that they didn't come home sooner, but she is not and her and her husband embrace and things go back to normal.

The Storm: symbolism - storm
Sexual tentionPassion of Al?ee and Calixta
The Storm: themes
Marriage- cheating rekindled kindliness Going against societal standards- Calixta acts to support her own wants when she commits sin (not submissive)
The Storm: conflict
Man vs self: Calixta giving into her desires and cheating in her marraige
The Awakening: characters
Edna pontellier Mademoiselle Reisz Adele Ratignolle Robert Lebrum Leonce pontellier
The Awakening: edna pontellier
Experiences an "awakening" Becomes aware of her independence Dissatisfied with her current role in society/ in her familyFinds happiness when living for herself and not society
The Awakening: Mademoiselle Reisz
Inspiration to ednaReserved women
The Awakening: Adele Ratignolle
Ideal women of the time (lives to please husband)Tries to persuade a change in Edna's lifestyle
The Awakening: Robert Lebrum
Relationship w Edna (outside of her marriage)Cant allow himself to overcome societal rules so he rejects her
The Awakening: Leonce pontellier
Edna's husbandRestricts Edna/ is superior to her
The Awakening: setting
1899, beginning of feminist movements (but attitudes of 19th century existed)Grande Isle (vacation), New Orleans (live there)
The Awakening: plot
Edna; her husband, Leonce; and her children are vacationing on Grand IsleEdna visits her friend, Adele, where she learns about free expression and she becomes more self-awareMeets Robert Lebrun and he is devoted to her (although, it is known he is a player)Edna feels alive (Robert teaches her how to swim)Robert leaves for Mexico...

Edna is lonely in New Orleans w/ familyMeets Alcee Arobin ? have a fling togetherEdna moves into her own house, shows independence from menRobert returns, finally rejects her ... Edna can't handle marriageSwims into sea, supposedly drowns

The Awakening: conflict
(Man vs Self) Edna is extremely unhappy in her marriage and does not want to conform to societal pressures. (Internal conflict) Struggling with feelings of guilt and shame from her weak relationships with her son and children.

Also, desperately wanting independence, she also struggles to find what exactly a woman's place is in society.

The Awakening: themes
Femininity- Not giving in to what society wants a woman to be, Edna lives for herself and does what she thinks is right. Marriage - In The Awakening, Edna's marriage is an obstruction keeping her from true happiness.Society - Society plays a big role in keeping Edna from her form of her truest self.
The Awakening: symbol - sea
Freedom and escape
Huck Finn: characters
Huck Jim Tom Sawyer Widow Douglas and Miss WatsonPap
Huck Finn: huck
NarratorDebate over morals Runs away -> freedom from guardians Influenced by tom's immaturity
Huck Finn: jim
Black slaveUneducatedWise
Huck Finn: tom sawyer
AdventurousImaginative Influences Huck
Huck Finn: Widow Douglas and Miss Watson
Take care of huck Try to "sivilize" huck
Huck Finn: pap
Huck's abusive father DrunkDisapproves of Huck's education
Huck Finn: setting

Petersburg, Missouri

Huck Finn: plot
Huck decides to run away to escape from his abusive father. He travels with Jim down the Mississippi, in search of safety and freedom for Jim. Together, they experience numerous adventures, including facing robbers, meeting the Grangerfords, and watching the Duke and the King's cruel and deceptive scams.
Huck Finn: conflict
Huck's struggle with his conscience: whether he should turn Jim in or help him get freedomHuck and Jim trying to survive and not get caughtMan vs. society: Following the law or doing what is right
Huck Finn: themes
Racism & Slavery: (Almost none of the white characters were "good" while Jim was intelligent & sympathetic)Hypocrisy of Society: (Miss Watson attempts to civilize Huck and make him a better person, yet she has slaves herself -- Huck is actually more civilized since he treats Jim as equal to him)
Huck Finn: symbol - Mississippi river
Huck Finn: symbol - raft
Freedom, equality, away from society
Streetcar Names Desire: Blanche DuBois
Confident, charming exteriorInsecure womenSelf worth dependent upon sexual attentionFired from job after having affair w student
Streetcar Names Desire: Stanley Kowalski
Hates/ distrusts BlancheAbusive to StellaRapes Blanche
Streetcar Names Desire: Stella Kowalski
Submissive in marriageDoesn't believe Stanley raped Blanche
Streetcar Names Desire: Harold "Mitch" Mitchell
Blanche uses him for self flattery Relationship w Blanche bc of their need for companionship
Streetcar Names Desire: plot
Blanche goes to Stella's house because Belle Reve goes bankruptStanley gets drunk and hits Stella out of rage (they make up later that night)Blanche and Mitch date Blanche married a gay man who killed himself because she thought he was disgusting Blanche was fired from teaching job because of affair with studentMitch breaks up with Blanche & tries to sleep with her, but Blanche sends him awayWhile Stella is in labor, Stanley rapes BlancheStella & Stan send Blanche to mental institution
Streetcar Names Desire: themes
Fantasy vs. Reality Blanche's fantasy world and the lies she has told herself and others make it difficult for her to live in the exterior world.

Dependence on MenBlanche is dependent on the opinions and safety of male companionship.

Streetcar Names Desire: symbol - title
Journey of Blanche's lifeGoes to Stella out of desire Desire leads to her death
Streetcar Names Desire: symbol - paper lantern
Source of magic for BlancheHides reality
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Works cited page
Works cited in center Order alphabetically
Poetic Devices: Alliteration
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
Poetic Devices: metaphor
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Poetic Devices: simile
figure of speech involving the comparison of two different things, used to make a description more vivid
Poetic Devices: hyperbole
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
Poetic Devices: imagry
visually descriptive or figurative language, usually involving sensory details
when did realism take place
Realism was a reaction against what
Romanticism (too romanticized/ imaginative)
Goal of realistic writer
portray a more realistic view of life
how did realistic writers portray real life
everyday reality, included problems
what kind of problems were included in realistic writing
adultery, divorce, war, death, women's rights, etc
Realism: local color writers
stories tend to be about culture of writer's environment
Stories in Realism
the stormstory of an hournew England nunthe awakening
what did realistic writers believe about story vs characterization
characterization is more important than the storyfocus on character
there was a rise in _____ writers during the realistic time period
female writers
what revolution was taking place during realism
industrial revolution (urbanization)
Naturalism is an off-shoot of what
what are naturalists
offshoot/ extremists of realism
what are naturalists' view
grim view of life:universe was in a conspiracy against man kindheredity dictated people's lives
When did modernism take place
modernism style
based on individual writer
modernism writing style
experimental/ free verse
What events were going on at the time of modernism
WW1 & WW2Great DepressionCivil RightsWomen's rightsCommunism
how do modernism pieces make the reader feel
makes them think