Much of it was developed during the interwar years of the asses and asses, some were developed in response to valuable lessons learned during the war, and some were beginning to be developed as the war ended. The inventions of the repeating machine gun, the development of poison gas, and the Introduction of the first tanks caused armies to fight using the bunkering method.

This allowed men to huddle In trenches along what are called skirmish lines and throw, lob, and fire by other means paeans to cause damage while men were protected by about 4 to 5 feet deep earth. This caused men to fight In rear columns behind tanks can basically caused defensive fighting tactics resulting In drawn out protracted battles. In Brutal there was the Ten Year Rule (adapted In August 1919), which declared the government should not expect another war wealth ten years.

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Consequently they conducted very little military R & D. On the other hand, Germany and the Soviet Union were dissatisfied powers that for different reasons cooperated with each other on military R & D. The Soviets offered Whimper Germany facilities deep inside the USSR for building and testing arms and for military training, well away from Treaty inspectors' eyes. In return, the Soviets asked for access to German technical developments, and for assistance in creating a Red Army General Staff.

The great artillery manufacturer Usurp was soon active in the south of the USSR, near Roosts-on-Don. In 1925, a flying school was established at Pluvial, near Lippies, to train the first pilots for the future Luftwaffe. Since 1 926, the Richweed had been able to use a tank school at Kane codenamed Kamala) and a chemical weapons facility in Samara Blast (codenamed Tomato). In turn, the Red Army gained access to these training facilities, as well as military technology and theory from Whimper Germany.

In the late asses, Germany helped Soviet industry begin to modernize, and to assist in the establishment of tank production facilities at the Leningrad Bolshevik Factory and the Krakow Locomotive Factory. This cooperation would break down when Hitler rose to power in 1933. The failure of the World Disarmament Conference marked the beginnings of the arms race leading to war. In France the lesson of World War I was translated into the Imaging Line which was supposed to hold a line at the border with Germany.

The Imaging Line did achieve its political objective of ensuring that any German Invasion had to go through Belgium ensuring that France would have Britain as a military ally. France and Russia had more, and much better, tanks than Germany as of the outbreak of their hostilities in 1940. As In World War l, the French generals expected that armor would mostly serve to help Infantry break the static trench lines and storm machine gun nests.

They thus spread the armor among their Infantry delusions, Ignoring the new German doctrine of blitzkrieg based on the fast movement using concentrated armor attacks, against which there was no effective defense but mobile anta-tank guns - Infantry Antitank rifles not being effective against medium and heavy tanks. Alarm power was a major concern of Germany and Britain between the wars. Trade in aircraft engines continued, with Brutal selling hundreds of its best to German firms - which used them in a first generation of aircraft, and way to major success for the Germans in World War II.

Germany had always been and has continued to be in the forefront of internal combustion engine development. G¶tinged was the world center of aerodynamics and fluid dynamics in general, at least up to the time when the highly dogmatic Nazi party came to power. This contributed to the German development of Jet aircraft and of submarines with improved under-water performance. Induced nuclear fission was discovered in Germany in 1939 by Otto Hahn (and expatriate Jews in Sweden), but many of the scientists needed to develop nuclear power had already been lost, due to anti-Jewish and anti-intellectual policies.