a person moving from place to place and doesn't settle in one area. Hunter, gather or herder.
Neolithic Revolution
the beginning of farming about 10,000 b.c.
Subsistence Agriculture
a system in which farmers only grow what they need to survive, rather than growing crops or produce for the marketplace.
culture that includes cities, technology and government.
Cradle of Civilization
Term used to describe early civilizations such ass those found in Mesopotamia.
Techniques used in farming to bring water to fields using ditches, pipe systems and canals.
Euphrates River
a river flowing through Iraq that joins the Tigris River in the area known as Mesopotamia.
Indus River
a river in India; the people of Indus River valley rely upon floods that deposit rich fertile soil to help farming.
Nile River Valley
the area of land in Egypt that became the center of life in ancient Egypt.
Dynastic Cycle
The rotation of Chinese new ruling families. Leadership was based the Mandate of Heaven (the gods chose the rulers). When the gods were displeased with the leadership, the gods selected a new dynasty to rule.
A long period of control of a government by rulers from the same family.
Mandate of Heaven
The command to rule given by God to the Chinese emperor; Leaders could lose the mandate if they became corrupt, while wise leadership meant that the mandate was kept.
Fertile Crescent
Middle Eastern region arching from the Tigris-Euphrates River to the Nile River.
the land between the rivers. The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, where the first known civilization developed.
Code of Hammurabi
Oldest known system of laws and customs that reveal a harsh sense of justice. Names ofr King Hammurabi who formed the Babylonian Empire.
Writing system that had been developed in Mesopotamia.
Strong seasonal winds that bring heavy rains and floods; usually found in India.
Tigris-Euphrates River Valley
Also called Mesopotamia; often called the cradle of Middle East civilization.
Hunting and Gathering
relying on a daily physical pursuit of food
How did the introduction of agriculture affect early people?
Civilizations developed
What was an important result of the Neolithic Revolution?
Food Supplies became more reliable
What is the main reason the Neolithic Revolution is considered a turning point in world history?
Domestication of animals and cultivation of crops led to settled communities.
The Neolithic Revolution is often considered a turning point in history because?
permanent settlements developed in river Valleys.
Which geographic feature had the greatest influence on the development of anicent civilizations?
river valleys
Which river system is found in Mesopotamia?
Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Which factor led to the development of civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia?
favorable georaphy
Which name identifies the region located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers?