8000 BCE to 600 BCE: Intro
The "Out of Africa" thesis maintains that
all humans descended from a species that began in Africa The Out of Africa theory believes that humanity began in East Africa and then spread to the rest of the world.
The dominant characteristic of the Neolithic Revolution is
agriculture Farming and animal domestication is the defining characteristic of the Neolithic Age.
What gave the Middle East an advantage during the Neolithic Era?
an abundance of diverse beasts of burden to domesticate Sheep, cows, goats, pigs, horses, and camels were collectively located nowhere else in the world at this time.
During the Neolithic era, the most isolated part of the world was
the Americas North and South America, though originally populated by Asians, was completely isolated from Afro-Eurasia during the Neolithic Era.
Which one of the following would be the best example of two ancient civilizations interacting with each other?
Phoenicians trading with Egyptians The first two choices are not civilizations and the third disagrees with the ideas contained in the previous question. Phoenicia and Egypt were both civilizations and they did trade with each other.
Ancient River Valley Civilizations, Part 1
We assume that the early governments in the ancient Middle East was less centralized because of
the existence of city-states The existence of city-states suggests dramatic autonomy between regions within a kingdom or empire.
An example of diffusion in AP World History would be
the Hittites bringing iron into Mesopotamia The importing of iron into Mesopotamia by the foreign Hittite is an excellent example of what diffusion is.
Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt would be similar in that they each
introduced monotheism in cultures that were predominantly polytheistic Ibrahim and Ikhnaten introduced monotheism into Mesopotamia and Egypt, though ancient Egyptians rejected Ikhnaten's ideas.
Which of the following ancient civilizations gave women the highest status?
Egyptian Ancient Egyptian women enjoyed many rights not offered women in other ancient civilizations.
Ancient River Valley Civilizations, Part 2
Chinese emperors were expected to be responsible to their citizenry because of
the Mandate of Heaven The Mandate of Heaven gave permission to the emperor to rule, a permission ultimately granted by the people.
"It is the nature of women to seduce men in this world; for that reason the wise are never unguarded in the company of females. ... When women are honored, there the gods are pleased; but where they are not honored, no sacred rite yields rewards. ... In childhood a female must be subject to her father, in youth to her husband, when her lord is dead to her sons; a woman must never be independent. She must not seek to separate herself from her father, husband or sons; by leaving them she would make both her own and her husband's family contemptible. ..."
South Asia was a patriarchy The quote is designed to place women in a subordinate position.
What do the Bantu and Indo-Europeans have in common?
They were a migratory group that spread their culture as they traveled For different reasons they fanned out from their homeland and spread their culture as they went, the Indo-Europeans into Europe and South Asia and the Bantu into Sub-Saharan Africa.
Which of the following civilizations did NOT originate in a river valley?
Olmec The Olmec civilization, located in Central America, developed around a lake
Which one of the following did NOT happen during the Neolithic Era?
increased gender equality As civilization developed and urban centers emerged, specialization of labor became more prominent and women found their status declining more and more.
600BCE to 600CE
Which of the following would LEAST be a "big picture" characteristic of the 600 BCE - 600 CE timeframe?
The dominance of the Middle East in Afro-Eurasian trade and politics The Middle East interacted with other parts of Afro-Eurasia but the other factors were more significant to this timeframe.
The region of the world that saw the most dramatic change in political structure during this timeframe was
South Asia South Asia saw dramatic changes in the centralized and decentralized nature of political organization.
Which one of the following would LEAST be a characteristic of the Han "Golden Age" Dynasty in China?
wars that added much new territory The Han Dynasty was generally regarded as a time of peace.
The Terra Cotta Warriors, The Silk Road, The Great Wall The Terra Cotta Warriors were created during the Qin Dynasty, the Silk Road during the Han Dynasty, and the "modern" Great Wall was created during the Ming Dynasty.
Which of the following belief systems most encouraged literacy?
Confucianism Confucianism recognized the value of the scholar.
The Han Empire in China and the Gupta Empire in South Asia were similar in that
their empires were each thought of as the "golden age" of their region Both dynasties are commonly thought of by historians as the golden ages of their respective areas.
Mediterranean Empires
The Royal Road differed from the Silk Road in that
while the Silk Road crossed several empires, the Royal Road was within one empire The Royal Road was part of the Persian (Achaemenid) Empire.
Assimilation of multiple cultures was achieved most by
Alexander the Great As Alexander swept across the Middle East and South Asia, he melded several cultures.
The correct order of Greek philosophers was
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle Plato was the student of Socrates and Aristotle was the mentor to Alexander the Great.
The best example of a blending of cultures would be
The Hellenistic civilization The Hellenistic civilization is a blending of the Greek culture brought by Alexander the Great as he conquered Persia and points east.
The existence of slavery in the Roman Empire discouraged
industrial development Slavery made human labor inexpensive and discouraged the development of mechanical methods of output.
The Americas
What distinguished the Mayans from most other pre-Columbian Western Hemisphere civilizations?
they had a form of writing The Mayans were one of only two civilizations that had some form of writing in the Americas prior to the coming of Columbus.
The Mayan and Gupta civilizations were similar in that
they both understood the concept of zero Independently from each other, both civilizations developed the idea of zero.
Which civilization relied less on slavery?
Chinese The Romans, Greeks, and Mayan enslaved those whom they defeated in battle.
The Han and western Roman empires were similar in that
their respective governments were highly centralized Both Han and Rome held the frontiers accountable to the capital.
Which of the following would LEAST be a similarity in the fall of the Roman and Han empires?
both experienced a series of slave insurrections Slavery was not a significant characteristic of Han China.
Belief Systems, Part 1
The Indo-Europeans combined with the Dravidians to create
Hinduism The movement of the Indo-Europeans and Dravidians into South Asia consolidated many faiths into Hinduism.
Which visual represents a blending of Buddhism and Hinduism?
Angkor Wat displays Buddhist and Hindu characteristics.
hristianity is to Judaism as Buddhism is to
Hinduism Just as Christianity has roots in Judaism, so does Buddhism have roots in Hinduism.
Which one of the following would LEAST be an example of a universalizing religion?
Judaism A universalizing religion is one that is adaptable to other cultures and actively seeks converts. Thus, Judaism would not be an example. xChristianity xIslam xBuddhism
Belief Systems, Part 2
Confucius would endorse all of the following except a patriarchal society the dominance of a priestly class Confucius would endorse a respectful pecking order, but priests were not considered part of that hierarchy. filial piety respect for the emperor
the dominance of a priestly class Confucius would endorse a respectful pecking order, but priests were not considered part of that hierarchy.
An "Axial Age" around the 5th century BCE would include all of the following philosophers except Confucius Socrates Siddharta Gautama Jesus Christ
Jesus doesn't make himself known for another 400 years.
Monastic life would be important in Christianity and
Buddhism Buddhism encouraged a life of isolated contemplation for women as well as men.
Ashoka and Constantine are similar in that they
used religion to unite their empires Ashoka used Buddhism in South Asia and Constantine used Christianity in the Roman Empire.
Trade Networks
What group of people connected the trans-Saharan traders with the Indian Ocean? the Phoenicians the Egyptians the Berbers the Bantu
It was the Bantu that spread west-central African cultures with the southern cultures of Africa along the east coast of the continent.
The "Big Three" trade routes would include all of the following except Trans-Saharan Trade Route Indian Ocean Trade The Silk Road the Royal Road
the Royal Road The Royal Road was less important because it did not connect long- distance civilizations as did the other three.)
Which product would a fifth-century CE merchant in South Asia most likely purchase from a merchant just arrived from Sub-Saharan Africa via the Indian Ocean? horses ivory gold palm oil
ivory Ivory was the item transported across the Indian Ocean during this timeframe.
Which of the following inventions would be the most significant to the development of the trans- Saharan trade route?
the camel saddle The camel saddle enabled the camel to carry upwards of 600 pounds each across the Sahara desert.
600 CE to 1450 CE Intro
Which one of the following is a significant reason why historians have created the years 600- 1450 as a major period in world history? Major events that happened in this timeframe included the Mongol Golden Age and the Crusades This was a time when many civilizations experienced a "dark" age, incubating within their own boundaries 600 represents the end of the classical age and 1450 represents the end of the feudal age Because the time period began with the start of the Islamic faith and finished on the cusp of the Voyages of Discovery
Muslims date their calendar from 622 CE and Prince Henry the Navigator was just beginning to actively explore the southern reaches of Africa at the end of this timeframe.
Which one of the following would NOT be one of the major trade routes during this time period?
the Aztec-Incan Trade Route Geography and climate dictated trade between these two cultures in the pre-Columbian Western Hemisphere would be difficult.
The technological innovation that had the greatest impact on sub-Saharan trade was
the camel saddle A new saddle enabled the camel to carry heavy loads long distances.
By the middle of the 15th century, all of the following urban centers were interconnected except Tsian Tenochtitlan Moscow Constantinople
Located in the yet "undiscovered" New World, the other three cities did not know of the existence of Tenochtitlan.
Which of the following is LEAST thought to have had a "Golden Age" during the 600-1450 timeframe?
Europe Though not as "dark" as described by previous historians, this timeframe in Europe can hardly be described as a "flowering."
Islam, Part 1
Of the Five Pillars of Islam, the one that has had the greatest impact on World History has been
he Hajj Since the Hajj is a pilgrimage, this journey encouraged the interaction of cultures.
Which one of the following would LEAST be an example of a universalizing religion?
Judaism Judaism does not actively seek converts.
711 CE By the beginning of the 8th century, dar al-Islam had spread as far east as
India By 711, The House of Islam had spread as far east as South Asia, present-day India.
The religious schism that was caused by a dispute over the order of leadership succession was
Sunni and Shi'a Though each of these choices represent religious schisms, the Muslim dispute between Sunni and Shi'a was over leadership succession.
Islam, Part 2
Who would most appreciate the Jizya?
Muslims Muslims were exempt from paying the tax.
Which is the correct chronological sequence of the Muslim dynasties?
Umayyad, Abbasid, Ottoman The Umayyads ruled until the middle of the 8th century and the Ottoman's succeeded the Abbasids in the 12th century. Abbasid, Ottoman, Umayyad
Which of the following civilizations in the 600-1450 timeframe placed the greater emphasis on education?
dar al-Islam The Quran encouraged it and the great libraries of the world were located within this region.
If you wanted to take advantage of scientific, literary, and technological advances, where would you most probably want to live in the year 1000?
Baghdad As the capital of dar al-Islam during its Golden Age, this would be a great city to live.
In the years immediately before the Columbian Encounter, which civilization most closely approached gender equality?
The Middle East Though women were treated poorly in all societies during this timeframe, women enjoyed rights in the Middle East not allowed in other parts of the world.
Byzantine Empire and Western Europe, Part 1
Why does Constantinople prosper following the demise of the western Roman Empire?
trade Constantinople's strategic location gave it a trade advantage.
The Great Schism in Europe was similar to the
Sunni/Shi'a split within the Islamic faith The Great Schism in 1054 was where the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church could not resolve their differences and split into two different sects within the Christian faith.
A key concept to generalize about life in western Europe during this timeframe is going to be
decentralization Earlier interpretations of western Europe as a dark and desolate existence during this time have been largely discounted. The best generalization we can make is that the government was decentralized.
Which one of the following would NOT be a similarity between the Samurai in Japan and the knight in western Europe?
dishonor in both Japan and western Europe was expected to result in suicide The Christian faith would not allow knights to commit suicide but to the samurai, the only honorable way out of a dishonorable event in Japan was suicide.
Byzantine Empire and Western Europe, Part 2
Jihad is to a Muslim as __________ is to a Christian.
crusade Both jihad and crusade are today considered to be religious confrontations.
The impact of Marco Polo and the Crusades were similar in that they
encouraged Europe to learn more about Asia From the travels of crusaders and the Polo family, Europeans learned about and became desirous of Asian products.
The scourge of the Black Death ultimately helped western Europe in that
it brought about the collapse of feudalism With a population decline came a demand for labor in the cities and the increased value of the surviving peasants.
With the coming of nation-states in western Europe during this timeframe, we see
governments becoming more centralized As France, England, and Spain began to develop a national identity, governments become more centralized and powerful.
the Vikings were to Europe as the _________ were to Russia.
Golden Horde The Golden Horde Mongols invaded much of Russia.