The major early turning point in the rise of the Persian empire was the
Victory of Cyrus over Lydia
The leader of the Lydians who fell to Cyrus was
In organizing their empire, Persian rulers relied heavily on techniques of administration from the
Which of the following lists of Persian empires is correct chronologically?
Achaemenids, Seleucids, Parthians, Sasanids
The Medes and Persians were originally
the founder of the Achaemenid empire was
In 525 B.C.E. the Persian emperor Cambyses captured
The greatest of the Achaemenid emperors was
Pasargadae was
the capital of the persian empire before Persepolis
The population of the Achaemenid empire under Darius was
thirty-five million
The magnificent capital of the Persian empire constructed by Darius was
Satrapies were
Persian administrative units
The Persian "eyes and ears of the king"
were spies
The classic Persian governmental approach was
an enlightened and tolerant one
Darius picked up the idea of standardized government-issued coinage from the
Which of the following empires normally displayed the greatest degree of toleration toward its subject peoples
The Persian king who regularized tax levies and standardized laws was
The easternmost point of Darius's empire was
The Persian legal code was designed to
codify the laws of the subject peoples
The center of the Persian communications network was
the Royal Road
Who used the words "Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds" to describe the Persian courier service?
The qanats were
Persian underground canals
For his decision to allow them to return to their capital city and rebuild their temple
The king who failed to follow the normal Persian governing policy of toleration was
The battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.E. proved to be
a Persian loss
The decisive victory of Alexander of Macedon over the Persians was called the battle of
The Seleucid, Parthian, and Sassanid empires
employed a form of imperial administration copied from the Achaemenids
The empire comprising most of the old Achaemenid state that was carved off by one of Alexander of Macedon's generals was the
The Seleucids were finally defeated in 83 B.C.E. by the
The Iranian state that followed the Achaemenids and that rivaled the Seleucids was the
The greatest Parthian ruler was
Mithridates I
Ctesiphon was
The capital of the Parthian and Sasanid empires
Shapur I was
the greatest Sasanid king
The Sasanids were defeated in 651 B.C.E. by
Arab warriors
The social structure of the Medes and Persians was originally very similar to
the Aryans
Gimillu was
a slave associated with the temple in Uruk
Zoroastrianism was
very strongly monotheistic
Zarathustra talked about the battle between the "wise lord" Ahura Mazda and the evil spirit
Angra Mainyu
The Gathas were
Zarathustra's compositions
Which of the following basic tenets of Zoroastrianism did not influence later religions?
The view of the material world as a place of temptation that had to be ignored
Zarathustra viewed the material world
as a gift from Ahura Mazda that should be enjoyed
The words "good words, good thoughts, good deeds" were used to sum up the view of morality of the