hunting and gathering
The killing of wild animals and fish as well as the gathering of fruits, roots, nuts, and other plants for sustenance.
a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)
second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC
latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)
people who wander from place to place, people with no permanent home; move from place to place in search of food,
a person regarded as primitive or uncivilized, in this case, it refers to Native Americans.
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
Homo sapiens
the only surviving hominid
In Europe, another human species lived and adapted to life in the cold climates of the last Ice Age.
A level of social organization normally consisting of 20 to 30 people
agrarian revolution
A change in farming methods that allowed for a greater production of food. This revolution was fueled by the use of new farming technology such as the seed drill and improved fertilizers. The result of this revolution was a population explosion due to the higher availability of food. It was one of the causes of the Industrial Revolution.
Natufian complex
Preagriculture culture; located in present-day Israel, Jordan, and Lebanon; practiced the collection of naturally present barley and wheat to supplement game; typified by large settlement sites.
refers to the pattern in which married couples live with or near the wives' parents
based on or tracing descent through the female line
A type of agricultural activity based on nomadic animal husbandry or the raising of livestock to provide food, clothing, and shelter.
catal huyuk
One of first true cities in history, created in the Neolithic Era in 6500 to 5500 BC, from which were created agriculture, trading, temples, housing, and religions
Neolithic Revolution
the shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis around 8,000 BC
a village in Jordan near the north end of the Dead Sea
Bronze Age
(classical mythology) the third age of the world, marked by war and violence
accommodation to domestic life
social differentiation
the relative access individuals and groups have to basic material resources, wealth, power, and prestige