d. the standard Chinese language s. first language throughout the country
d. an absolute monarchy with rewards and punishments for all classes-very practical s. very scholarly way of government
d. a philosophy, form, or system of patriarchal government s. new government style
d. a distinctive science, artistry, and rituals s. other belief system besides Confucianism
silk road
d. large trade route founded during Han dynasty s. first trading between china and other countries
Zhou Dynasty
d. first dynasty with decentralized government s. used local rulers to govern
Qin Dynasty
d. dynasty ruled by Shi Huangdi-central government s. first dynasty to have a single ruler with other officials
Qin Shi Huangdi
d. brutal ruler of the Qin dynasty-built great wall s. first Qin emperor
Han Dynasty
d. continued central government- less brutal than Qin and used trade s. basis of modern government, started trading
Wu Ti
d. famous Han ruler s. enforced peace in China and surrounding areas
caste system
d. different levels of social classes s. showed social classes
d. language of India s. first written language in India
d. conformity to religious law, custom, duty, or character s. gave government better morals
d. written treaties
d. Hindu sacred writings s. explained different aspects of life and the gods
Mahabharata and Ramayana
d. two great Indian epics s. great intellectual achievements
Bhagavad and Gita
d. part if the Mahabharata about Arjuna and Krishna s. great writings
d. to come back to earth in a new body after death s. shows Indian's interest in the afterlife
Alexander the Great
d. invaded part of India for Macedonia s. brought in new cultures
d. herding nomads who eventually settled in India s. greatly influenced religion
Mauryan Dynasty
d. religions. dynasty started by Changdragupta s. first real central government in India
d. Changdraguptas son s.ast Mauryan emperor
Gupta Empire
d. united much of northern India
d. generals who wrote a set of laws s. first laws-eye for an eye
d. Greek word for city-state (politics) s. suggests intense political interests in cities
d. a strong government
Hellenistic Period
d. period of the Greeks or Hellenes s. established trade and promoted education
d. aristocrats who held high power in Rome
d. aristocratic political figure s. promoted whose influence and negotiation
Peloponnesian Wars
d. was between Athens and Sparta for power
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
d. influential philosophers
Phillip II of Macedonia
d. conquered Athens and Sparta as part of Macedonia
Punic Wars
d. three wars against Carthage s. end of classical Mediterranean age- seized entire western Mediterranean
Julius Caesar
d. very powerful ruler of Rome s. ended my traditional institutions
Augusus Caesar
d. established basic structures-Julius' nephew
d. wrote political writings-like Confucianism s. focused more in service than government
Diocletian and Constantine
d. later, powerful empowers s. tried to reverse downfall of Rome and introduce Christianity