Martin Luther
he wrote the 95 thesis that lessened power of catholic church, started protestant church. Went against the corruption in the catholic church
rebirth of the knowledge in Europe, not just in the church but in the arts and sciences
imperialism/colonial rule
Europe in 19th century did this to gain raw materials, establish markets, spread ideas of social Darwinism and establish rivalries
catholic church/Galileo
sun center not the earth centered universe
scientific revolution/religion
church thought heaven not believable without earth centered
industrial revolution
created new markets and caused middle class to gain more political power
investment capital
its necessary for process of industrialization
Ag practices
migrated to cities so less farming but still need adequate food supplies
women in WWII
had to work in factories and sacrifices had to be made (Rosie the Riveter)
atomic bomb
Einstein's letter to Roosevelt led to atomic bomb program
Franklin D. Roosevelt
president during World War II. Gave a speech to congress to reverse isolationism policies
Schlieffen plan
A strategy drawn up by Germany to avoid fighting a war on two fronts
American and World War II
helped win the war with militarism
underground areas that troops dug in order to have somewhere to reconvene and fire their guns during warfare
violations of human rights
Russian revolution
Bolsheviks seized power, were against Czar's policy, rise of soviets (workers & soldiers). Russia dropped out of World War I
militarism, imperialism, nationalism, alliance system, assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
A sense of unity binding the people of a state together; devotion to the interests of a particular country or nation, an identification with the state and an acceptance of national goals.
Black hand
terrorist group trying to seek Surbian independence from Austria-Hungarian empire
treaty of versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
1939-1945 began when Germany invaded Poland in 1934; US became in WWII when Pearl Harbor was bombed by Japan in 1941
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
"total destruction" A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.
Pearl Harbor
American base in Hawaii that was bombed by Japanese planes on December 7, 1941. The bombing of Pearl Harbor forced the United States to enter the war.
Nazi Empire
fell because Hitler went against the advice from high ranking officials not to split his forces to fight a two front war.
invasion of Poland by Germany led France and Great Britain to declare war on Germany that started WWII
Great Britain thought this policy would help prevent another war
state above individual strong central government
universal suffrage (voting) A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
full dictatorial power limited freedom censorship A government that takes total control over every aspect of public and private life
New Mexico and WWII
code talkers and atomic bomb
WWII/ soviet union
soviet union emerged as a international super power after the war and a cold war began with the U.S