various approaches to AI research. Fall under one of two categories: conventional AI or computational intelligence
Conventional AI (or symbolic AI, logical AI, or neat AI)
uses programming that emphasizes statistical analysis to calculate the probability of various outcomes in order to find the best solution
strategies or "rules of thumb" used as shortcuts to solve complex tasks. Unlike algorithms, heuristics do not guarantee a correct solution
Expert System: a form of conventional AI that is programmed to function like a human expert in a particular field or area
Systems that "think" in the same way that humans think. Systems that learn, develop and reach optimal solutions based on previous experience
uses software to simulate the functioning of the neurons in a human brain
Similar to a child, a _____ ____ discovers its own rulesexample: how to tell if a face in a photograph is male or female
A method of determining if a machine exhibits human intelligence. Alan Turing believed that thinking machines were just around the corner. Researchers today, over 60 years later, are thinking the same thing.
Considered the foundation (start) of AI
the point in time at which computers exceed humans in intelligence, launching a new era of innovation.
Who is associated with this?
Many are doubtful about his credibility
The world's most advanced humanoid robot.
combines hardware (cameras and scanners) and AI software that permit computers to capture, store, and interpret visual images and pictures
Natural Language Processing
uses AI techniques to enable computers to generate and understand natural human languages, such as English. Users interact with a computer system via speech
Types of Pattern Recognition
Speech RecognitionHandwriting RecognitionFacial Recognition
____ _____ might use pattern recognition
digital assistant, or bot, consists of programs and a knowledge base used to perform a specific task for a person, a process, or another program.
Intelligent Agent; often include a human persona and animated avatar form.
Search databases for the best price/dealInteract to answer questions or perform tasks—coordinate meetings/schedules
a branch of AI that works to program computers to express themselves through art, music, poetry, and other outlets.