the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories
Three factors fueled the new American imperialism
Desire for military strength Thirst for new markets Belief in cultural superiority
Alfred T. Mahan
Mahan urged government officials to build up American naval power in order to compete with other powerful nations. Mahan's influence led to US steel-hulled cruisers built between 1883 and 1890.
US thirst for new markets
• US farms and factories were producing more goods than could be consumed by Americans. • US needed new materials for factories and new markets for agricultural and manufactured goods.
The US had a responsibility to spread Christianity and civilisation.
William Seward
Secretary of State under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. In 1867, Seward arranged for the U.S. to buy Alaska from the Russians for $7.2 million.
Hawaii in 1790
US used Hawaii as a port to China and East India
Hawaii in 1820
American missionaries set up Christian schools and churches. Their children became sugar planters.
Hawaii in 1900
Foreigners and immigrant labourers outnumbered native Hawaiians about three to one
Why did planters want the annexation of Hawaii
Hawaiian sugar was first shipped to the US duty-free. Then the duty-free was lifted, causing the planters to pay tax. This led people in Hawaii to ask for the annexation of Hawaii.
Queen Liliuokalani
Last Queen of Hawaii who was against American imperialism in Hawaii
Pearl Harbor
In 1887, they pressured Hawaii to allow the United States to build a naval base at Pearl Harbor, the kingdom's best port. The base became a refueling station for American ships.
Sanford B. Dole
After the over throw of the Queen, the US created a government led by Dole