the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male.
The concept of gender refers to
power, wealth, and privileges.
The chapter argues that gender is not just a matter of
mathematical; verbal
On average, young men show greater _____ ability than young women: young women show greater _____ ability than young men.
On average, women outlive men by about five years.
On average, do women or men live longer?
women have been closing the gap with men in most athletic performances
Comparing the performances of female and male athletes over time shows
cultures define gender in different ways
The point of describing gender in the Isreali kibbutzim is to show that
many tasks that were considered masculine by some societies were viewed as feminine by others
In his global study of how societies view gender, George Murdock found
refers to social organization in which males dominate females
What is the form of social organization in which females dominate males
Based on the map and discussion in the text, in which continent do women have the lowest social standing in relation to men?
Gender roles
Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
57 percent
Today, women represent ___ of all students on college campuses across the United States?
women learn to measure their personal importance in terms of physical appearance
The "beauty myth" refers to the idea that
60 percent
Approximately what percentage of U.S. women are working for income today?
A rising divorce rate
Which factor has helped increase the share of women in the paid labor force over the course of the last century?
women are concentrated in several categories of jobs.
In today's U.S. work force,
the barrier that prevents women from reaching the top.
The concept of "glass ceiling" refers to
Elementary school teachers
In which of the following job categories are the workers mostly women?
women now own more than 8 million entrepreneurial businesses.
An important exception to male domination in the U.S. workplace is that
people should be paid according to the level of skill and responsibility involved in the work.
The concept of "comparable worth" means that
78 cents
In the United States in 2013, women in the labor force working full time earned ____ to every dollar men earned.
The type of work men and women do
The factor which accounts for the greatest share of the difference in the earnings of working women and men in the United States is ____.
57 percent
Women earn what share of all bachelor's degrees in the United States?
19 percent
As of 2015, women held about what share of sears in Congress?
In which of the following nations does the political power of women come closest to that of men?
since colonial times.
Women have served in the U.S. armed forces
Women are seen as nurturers rather than people who kill.
What is at the heart of the controversy over women's participation in the military?
women have less income, wealth, education, and power than men do.
At every class level ____.
90 percent
In about what percentage of rapes and attempted rapes on college campuses does the woman know her attacker?
Most cases of female genital mutilation occur in ____.
half of working women report receiving unwanted sexual attention.
Sexual harassment is an important social issue because
growing gender inequality
Structural-functional analysis points out that industrialization encourages
Talcott Parsons described gender in terms of
instrumental; expressive
Talcott Parsons explained that males tend to exhibit ___ behavior, while females are more ____.
gender, race, and class
According to intersection theory, ____ is a source of social disadvantage.
in the 1840s
When did feminism begin as a social movement in the United States?
limiting sexual freedom
Feminists do not support ___.
liberal feminism
Which type of feminism links the social disadvantages of women to the capitalist economic system?
liberal feminism
Which type of feminism accepts the basic organization of U.S. society, but seeks to give women the same rights and opportunities as men?
Radical feminism
Which type of feminism seeks to end patriarchy by eliminating the idea of gender itself?
directed mostly at socialist and radical feminism
Opposition to feminism is ___
have gained opportunities and power
Looking back over U.S. history, we see a general trend by which women ____