Who discovered the americas in 1492?
Christopher Columbus
4 European diseases
Chicken Pox Measles Smallpox typhus
treaty that divided the new world between spain and portugal
treaty of tordesillas
whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the earth
Which indian empire was conquered by the spanish and would later become mexico
who led a spanish force that conquered the inca
francisco pizarro
in 1565 the spanish established this settlement which is the oldest city established by europeans within the boundaries of the united states
St. Augustine
5 present day US states that were originally settled by the spanish
california texas arizona florida mexico
the defeat of the spanish armada in 1588 by this country signaled a turning point in history. Spain was no longer the dominant world power. This country that defeated the spanish armada would eventually become the dominant world power.
the first permanent english settlement in the new world began in virginia in 1607. The settlement was named for the english king. What was it called?
Which crop, introduced to Raleigh by John Rolfe, made Virginia a financially viable colony?
document establishing Plymouth as a self goberning colony based on majority rule of male church members
The Mayflower Compact
Began in 1630; more than 40,000 people left England for the Americas
The Great Migration
Cooperation between church and state in Massachusetts
The New England Way
First written constitution in the colonies
Fundamental Orders of Conneticut
Colony known for religious freedom
Rhode Island
Massachusetts village where 19 people were hanged for witchcraft
Maryland law granting some religious freedom
The Toleration Act
Virginia's representative assembly of wealthy planters
House of Burgesses
Event that strengthened the move already under way among planters to switch from indentured to slave labor
Bacon's Rebellion
Voyage by enslaved africans across the atlantic ocean from afriva to slavery in the new world
middle passage
religious group which took a stand against slavery as early as 1688
colony between virginia and spanish florida; named for king charles II
Dutch colonyin the newworld along the hudson river with its capital on manhattan island
New York
colony founded as a haven for quakers
last of 13 british colonies; established as a place for englan's poor; buffer between south carolina and spanish florida
economic theory that a nation's power was a product of wealth, and a nation's wealth was measured by its stock of precious metals
marcantilist laws requiring European goods destined for the colonies to be routed through England
Navigation Acts
a series of religious revivals which swept through the british colonies in the mid-1700's
Great Awadening
city founded by the French gving them control of the Mississippi River
New Orleans
a political confederation of American Indiansnations that dominated the fur trade
Iroquois League
a proposal by Benjamin Franklin, that was rejected, calling for a loose confederation of the 13 British colonies to promote defense
Albany Plan of Union
war between French and British that will later prove to be a major cause of the American Revolution
French and Indian War
Indian war on the frontier against American settlers and British forts
American Indian Resistance
British law barring American settlers form settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
Proclamation of 1763
meeting of delegates from 9 colonies in New York City objecting to the Stamp Act and right of Parliament to tax the colonies
Stamp Act
redcoats kill 5 Bostom colonists who were among a crowd throwing things at the redcoats
Boston Massacre
Bostonians dressed as Indians dump 342 chests of British tea into the Boston Harbor
Tea Act
4 British laws designed to punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party
Intolerable Acts
colonists who supported independence fom Britain
2 villages where American Revolution began
Lexington and Concord
man chosen by the second continental congress to command the continental army
George Washington
final plea from second continental congress to king george expressing loyalty to him and asking his help to end the conflict
Olive Branch Petition
pamphlet written by Thomas Paine calling for independence from Britain
Common Sense
date the second continental congress formally adopted the declaration of independence; birthday of the US
July 4th
Americans who opposed seceding from Britain
Loyalists or Tories
American victory over Hessians duringChristmas in New Jersey after Patriots lost control of New York City
Battle of Trenton
American victory in New York that proved itself to be the turning point of the American Revolution, because it convinced the French to join the Patriots in fighting Britain
Battle of Saratoga
French and American victory in Virginia that effectively ended the American Revolution
Battle of Yorktown
Treaty ending the American Revolution; giving the United States independence from Britain and control of land from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River and from the Great Lades to Spanish Florida
Treaty of Paris