Which of the following was not an effect of the struggle for independence on religion in America?
NOT: a marked decline in the influence of religion in American society
1. a trend toward the elimination of publicly established churches
2. a spreading conviction that one's religion was a private matter, beyond the proper reach of government policy
3. an easing of intolerance toward Catholics, Jews, and dissenting Protestants
Which of the following defines republican motherhood?
training sons to be future citizens
Phillis Wheatley, a slave during the revolutionary era, is celebrated in American history for being
a published poet and slave.
The estimated percentage of free Americans who remained loyal to the British during the Revolution was
How many slaves fled to British lines during the American Revolution?
Which was not the case for Indians following the War for Independence?
NOT: Indians were incorporated as citizens within the new republic.
1. The British abandoned their Indian allies in the Treaty of Paris.
2. Indians were dispossessed of their lands in upstate New York, the Ohio Valley, and in the southern backcountry.
3. The Treaty of Paris marked the culmination of a century in which the balance of power in eastern North America shifted toward white Americans and away from Indians.
Which Indian tribe sided with the Americans against the British in the War for Independence?
Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations (1776) argued that
the "invisible hand" of the free market was more effective and fair than government intervention in the economy.
Who, out of the following, dressed in men's clothes to fight in the American Revolution?
Which of the following was not an effect of the struggle for independence on economic thought and policy in America?
NOT: The estates of wealthy landowners were appropriated by Congress and redistributed among the rural poor.
1. Many feared that excessive material dependency and inequality would harm the prospects of a free republic.
2. Inflation triggered sharp debate over the role of government in economic affairs.
3. For some, the protection of individual property rights was the bedrock of economic freedom; for others, the interests of the overall community came first.
Who was the daughter of a Massachusetts farmer who disguised herself as a man to fight in the Continental Army during the American Revolution?
In the early 1770s, "freedom petitions" were
slave petitions urging slavery's end, presented to New England courts and legislatures.
What famous American woman wrote to her husband that the Second Continental Congress should "remember the ladies" when they drew up a "Code of Laws"?
Who wrote that he hoped to erect a "wall of separation" between church and state?
The first antislavery tract in America was
The Selling of Joseph
The first time in recorded human history that slavery was eradicated by legislative power of government was
in the United States when, between 1777 and 1804, every state north of Maryland took steps toward emancipation.
The foremost center of political radicalism during the revolutionary era was
"Throughout the new nation, states disestablished their established churches." Define "disestablished."
to remove public funding for
Thomas Jefferson helped pass laws in the state of Virginia that abolished primogeniture. Define "primogeniture."
the passing of all of a family's land to the oldest son
For most free Americans in the new republic, equality meant
equal opportunity rather than equality of condition.
Which of the following was not an effect of the struggle for independence on the issue of slavery in America?
NOT: Ironically, the arrival of independence was accompanied by an expansion of slavery throughout the United States.
1. Some patriots saw slavery as incompatible with American liberty.
2. Some patriots saw the abolition of slavery as incompatible with American liberty.
3. In the rhetoric of many patriots, "slavery" referred to the status of the colonies, not that of African-Americans.
What was the slave population of the United States in 1776?
What percentage of non-slave Americans remained loyal to the British during the American Revolution?
Who developed the state constitution that gave the governor an effective veto over laws passed by the legislature, included a two-chamber legislature and powerful judiciary, and was subsequently an important model for the U.S. Constitution?
Three months after independence was declared in 1776, which state adopted a new state constitution with only a one-house legislature?
Which of the following was not an effect of the struggle for independence on the relative status of men and women in America?
NOT:the elimination of legal inequality between husband and wife
1. the participation of women in a range of public affairs
2. the idealization of women as educators of future citizens
3. the broad confirmation of citizenship as a male domain
Which of the following was not a course adopted by African-Americans to advance the cause of emancipation during the revolutionary era?
NOT: assassination of proslavery public figures
1. petitions advocating freedom
2. lawsuits challenging the legality of slavery
3. enlistment as soldiers on each side during the Revolutionary War
Which of the following was not an effect of the struggle for independence on political life in America?
NOT:Patriots of all stripes united around the principle of universal suffrage, regardless of economic status.
1. Artisans, small farmers, and laborers expanded their involvement in public debate.
2. Radical patriots favored single-house legislatures; conservatives preferred two-house legislatures.
3. Patriots of all stripes united around the principle of consent of the governed.
Members of which of the following groups were not subject to arrest by the Pennsylvania government because of refusal to participate in the American Revolution?