the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal
strive and make an effort to reach a goal
process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment
inborn pattern of behavior often responsive to specific stimuli
theory that claims that behavior is driven by a desire to lessen drives resulting from needs that disrupt homeostasis
intrinsic motivation
A desire to perform a behavior for its own sake
extrinsic motivation
a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment
biological motives
Motivation from goal directed behavior
learned motives
motives that are acquired through the process of classical conditioning are called learned motives
arousal and performance
Arousal in short spurts is adaptive we perform better under moderate arousal, however optimal performance varies with task difficultiesChronic arousal is maladaptive and tiring(EX: Testing anxiety)
have a craving, appetite, or great desire for; the physiological need to eat, experienced as a drive for obtaining food, an unpleasant sensation that demands relief
excessive eating
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder in which a normal-weight person diets and becomes significantly underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve
bulemia nervosa
a disorder in which cycles of overeating are followed by some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract
set-point hypothesis
the idea that each person's body weight is genetically set within a given range, that the body works hard to maintain.
achievement motivation
a desire for significant accomplishment: for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard
Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active