Buzurg ibn Shahriyar
definition: A storytelling mariner who came from the emporium of Siraf on the Persian Gulf significance: Demonstrated trade influenced in India
definition: 7th century north Indian ruler; built a large state that declined after his death 646 (last true Hindu ruler) significance: unified India temporarily
Mahmud of Ghazni
definition: third ruler of Turkish slave dynasty in Afghanistan; led invasions of northern India; credited with sacking one of wealthiest of Hindu temples in northern India; gave Muslims reputation for intolerance and aggression significance: set back Islam in India
Harihara and Bukka
definition: two brothers dispatched by officials in Delhi to represent the sultan and implement court policies in the sought. Converted from Hinduism to Islam; in 1336 they renounced Islam, returned to Hindu faith, and proclaimed of an established empire, independent empire of Vijayanagar significance: Established a new empire
definition: southern India; tried to harmonize all the Hindu writings significance: matured Hinduism
definition: taught in the hands of Vishnu one will win god's grace and live in presence significance: matured Hinduism
definition: Indus River valley in NW India; conquered in 711; fringe of Islamic world significance: helped spread Islam to India
Sultanate of Delhi
definition: the kingdom established by Mahmud's succesors to spread islam in India significance: spread Islam to India
Chola Kingdom
definition: kingdom situated in the deep south. At its high point, Chola forces conquered Ceylon and parts of southeast Asia, funded by the profits of trade, dominated the sea, did not build a tightly centralized state significance: brought order to Southern India
definition: independent empire proclaimed by Harihara and Bukka; "city of victory". Dominate state in southern India until 1565 significance: brought order to Southern India
definition: seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons significance: helped trade and agriculture
definition: Arab sailing vessels with triangular or lateen sails; strongly influenced European ship design significance: helped to trade in the Indian Ocean Basin
definition: Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders; dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsula significance: helped trade in the Indian Ocean Basin
Kingdom of Axum
definition: Christian kingdom in Ethiopia significance: Helped with maritime trade
Caste System
definition: a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity significance: helped integrate immigrants
definition: A Hindu god considered the preserver of the world significance: helped with Cults and Hinduism
definition: an important Hindu deity who in the trinity of gods was the Destroyer significance: helped with Cults and Hinduism
definition: a mystical Muslim group that believed they could draw closer to God through prayer, fasting, and a simple life significance: helped spread Islam
definition: Indian movement that attempted to transcend the differences between Hinduism and Islam significance: helped spread Islam
definition: Early complex society in Southeast Asia between the first and sixth centuries C.E. significance: demonstrated Indian influence
definition: Southeast Asian kingdom, based on the island of Sumatra that used a powerful navy to dominate trade significance: Used Maritime trade to garner power
definition: Southeast Asian Khmer kingdom (889-1432) that was centered around temple cities significance: demonstrated Indian influence
definition: the first major center of Islam in Southeast Asia, a port kingdom on the southwestern coast of the Malay Peninsula significance: Helped to spread Islam