714. Life on the frontier was
downright grim for most pioneer families.
715. All of the following gave rise to a more dynamic, market-oriented, national economy in early nineteenth-century America except
government regulation of all major economic industry
716. Pioneering Americans marooned by geography
became ill informed and individualistic in their attitudes.
717. In early-nineteenth-century America,
the urban population was growing at an unprecedented rate.
718. The dramatic growth of American cities between 1800 and 1860
resulted in unsanitary conditions in many communities.
719. "Ecological imperialism" can best be described as
the aggressive exploitation of the West's bounty.
720. George Catlin advocated
the preservation of nature as a national policy.
721. The influx of immigrants to the United States tripled, then quadrupled, in the
1840s and 1850s.
722. Ireland's great export in the 1840s was
723. The Irish immigrants to early nineteenth-century America
were mostly Roman Catholics and hated the British.
724. When the Irish flocked to the United States in the 1840s, they stayed in the larger seaboard cities because they
were too poor to move west and buy land.
725. When the "famine Irish" came to America, they
mostly remained in the port cities of the Northeast
726. Native-born Protestant Americans distrusted and resented the Irish mostly because these immigrants
were Roman Catholic
727. German immigrants in the early nineteenth century tended to
preserve their own language and culture.
728. German immigrants to the United States
came to escape economic hardships and autocratic government
729. When German immigrants came to the United States, they
prospered with astonishing ease.
730. Those who were frightened by the rapid influx of Irish immigrants organized
the Order of the Star-Spangled Banner
731. The sentiment of fear and opposition to open immigration was called
732. Native-born Americans feared that Catholic immigrants to the United States would
"establish" the Catholic church at the expense of Protestantism.
733. Immigrants coming to the United States before 1860
helped to fuel economic expansion.
734. The "Father of the Factory System" in the United States was
735. Eli Whitney was instrumental in the invention of the
736. Most of the cotton produced in the American South after the invention of the cotton gin was
sold to England.
737. The American phase of the industrial revolution first blossomed
with textile mills.
738. As a result of the development of the cotton gin,
slavery revived and expanded
739. The underlying basis for modern mass production was the
use of interchangeable parts
740. The early factory system distributed its benefits
mostly to the owners
741.. Samuel Morse invented
742. The American work force in the early nineteenth century was characterized by
substantial employment of women and children in factories.
743. One reason that the lot of adult wage earners improved was
the enfranchisement of the laboring man.
744. In the case of Commonwealth v. Hunt, the supreme court of Massachusetts ruled that
labor unions were not illegal conspiracies
745. The "cult of domesticity"
glorified the traditional role of women as homemakers
746. Early-nineteenth-century American families
were getting smaller.
747. One of the goals of the child-centered family of the 1800s was to
raise independent individuals.
748. The effect of early-nineteenth-century industrialization on the trans-Allegheny West was to encourage
specialized, cash-crop agriculture.
749. With the development of cash-crop agriculture in the trans-Allegheny West
farmers quickly faced mounting indebtedness.
750. In the 1790's a major transportation project linking the East to the trans-Allegheny West was the
751. Western road building faced all of the following problems except
competition from canals
752. The major application for steamboats transporting freight and passengers in the United States was on
western and southern rivers.
753. The "canal era" of American history began with the construction of the Erie Canal in New York.
Erie Canal in New York.
754. Construction of the Erie Canal
forced some New England farmers to move or change occupations.
755. Most early railroads in the United States were built in the
756. Compared with canals, railroads
could be built almost anywhere.
757. In the new continental economy, each region specialized in a particular economic activity: the South _________ for export; the West grew grains and livestock to feed _________; and the East _________ for the other two regions.
grew cotton, eastern factory workers, made machines and textiles
758. As a result of the transportation revolution,
each region in the nation specialized in a particular type of economic activity.
759. In general, _________ tended to bind the West and South together, while _________ and _________ connected West to East.
steamboats, canals, railroads
760. All of the following were legal questions raised as a result of the new market economy except
who should own the new transportation network?
761. As the new continental market economy grew
the home came to be viewed as a refuge from the workday world.
762. A major economic consequence of the transportation and marketing revolutions was
a steady improvement in average wages and standards of living.
. Cyrus McCormick