Situation refers to the circumstances under which a given activity is carried out. Crime is one act which requires time, space and a favorable environment for it to be conducted without being detected. Situation crime prevention involves strategies which target at minimizing this favorable environment under which crime is conducted. First there is a need to analyze crime through the collection of right evidence which necessitate development of precise crime prevention approaches (Wortley, 2002). These approaches can be applied at three levels of primary, secondary and tertiary crime prevention levels.Situational crime prevention is a primary approach which sets forth ground for effective application of other levels of crime prevention.
Various techniques are applied which are aimed at making it harder for one to commit crime through raising effort necessary to commit a crime. The improvement of surveillance as a way of policing is a basic method of abating crime. Other approaches include the reduction of triggers that encourage one to commit a crime (Wortley, 2002). Such as installing of guarding mechanisms in shops, malls and other properties that are prune to crime.There are various advantages associated with situational crime prevention strategies. First, it reduces the chances under which crimes can be committed by increasing the efforts required by a criminal to commit a crime is a well policed area.
This also alters the notion that one can get away after committing crime without being noted immediately or later (Wortley, 2002). Criminals also find it harder to commit crime due to the increase of risks, and chances of being nabbed hence making it a less attractive. The reduction of benefits of attempting criminal endeavors makes it an effective way of discouraging crime.