Within the discipline of psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. The seven major perspectives in modern psychology are psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanist, cognitive, neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. Describe the seven major psychological perspectives using two to three sentences each. Select one major figure associated with one of the seven major perspectives and describe his or her work in two to three sentences.
Type your response in the space below.Seven Major Perspectives in Modern Psychology Psychoanalytical Psychology Psychoanalytical Psychology is the study of various theories in regard to previous conscious, and unconsciously stimulated mental processes. Ideally, psychoanalytical psychology reinforces the conscious unconscious divide supporting the belief that the unconscious drives the conscious mind. Behaviorist PsychologyBehaviorist Psychology focuses on individual behavior, individual environment, and personal goal or objective. Behaviorist psychologists support the opinion that one’s behavior is the result on sensory intake identifying the various aspects listed above.Humanistic Psychology Humanistic Psychology places emphasis on an individual’s ability to choose for his or herself.
Humanistic psychology identifies the ability to identify oneself in regard to self-interest. Cognitive PsychologyCognitive Psychology focuses on individual thought, the processing of information, and personal perception. Cognitive psychology identifies one’s ability to intake information, process said information, and structure a response based on processed information. Neuroscientiftic/Biopsychological PerspectiveThe Neuroscientific/Biopsychological perspective focuses on behaviors as the result of processed information throughout various sectors within the brain. Individual genetic structure, biology, and brain function are examined systematically to reinforce projected behaviors.
Evolutionary PsychologyEvolutionary Psychology places emphasis on alteration in regard to personal, environment, and social change. Natural selection is the primary focus identifying the strong and most adaptable as the survivors versus the weak that fail to survive based on failure to adapt to change. Sociocultural PsychologySociocultural Psycology places emphasis on personal environment as a determinant faction in relation to the formation of one’s behaviors, perceptions, and opinions. Ideally, the sociocultural perspective reinforces individual perception of various aspects within the subject’s life, the procession of information, and results in projected behaviors, perspectives, and actions B.F. Skinner: Behaviorist PsychologySkinner was one of the most identifiable behaviorists within the Psychology field.
Skinner reinforced the opinion that variant behaviorist methods could positively alter issues relating to behavior.