The "celestial sphere" is another name for our universe.
Which of the following statements about the celestial sphere is NOT true?
We could not see it at all.
The Andromeda Galaxy is faintly visible to the naked eye in the constellation Andromeda. Suppose instead it were located in the same direction in space as the center of the Milky Way Galaxy (but still at its current distance). How would it appear to the eye in that case?
less than the thickness of a human hair held at arm's length
An angle of 1 arcsecond is _________.
higher in the sky
When traveling north from the United States into Canada, you'll see the North Star (Polaris) getting _________.
latitude 40 degrees south
Suppose you use the Southern Cross to determine that the south celestial pole appears 40 degrees above your horizon. Then you must be located at _________.
To the right of Polaris; that is, 90 degrees counterclockwise from its current position
Suppose you are facing north and you see the Big Dipper close to your northern horizon, with Polaris (and the Little Dipper) above it. Where will you see the Big Dipper in six hours?
our evening view of space depends on where Earth is located in its orbit around the Sun
In any particular place on Earth, certain constellations are visible in the evening only at certain times of the year because _________.
the spring and fall equinoxes
The Sun's path, as viewed from the equator, is highest in the sky on _________.
The length of each season (for example, the number of days from the summer solstice to the fall equinox) would be significantly longer than it is now.
Suppose Earth's axis tilt was significantly greater than its current 23.5 degrees, but Earth's rotation period and orbital period were unchanged. Which statement below would not be true?
the four seasons would each be twice as long as they are now
If our year were twice as long (that is, if Earth took twice as many days to complete each orbit around the Sun), but Earth's rotation period and axis tilt were unchanged, then _________.
It doesn't --- Earth's orbital distance plays no significant role in the seasons.
How does Earth's varying distance from the Sun affect our seasons?
Your friend will also see a crescent moon.
Suppose you live in the United States and you see a crescent moon in your evening sky tonight. What will a friend in South America see tonight?
new Earth
Suppose it is full Moon. What phase of Earth would someone on the Moon see at this time?
third quarter
It's 6 am and the Moon is at its highest point in your sky (crossing the meridian). What is the Moon's phase?
A full moon high in the sky
You observe a full Moon rising at sunset. What will you see at midnight?
The orbital plane of the Moon is tilted slightly (by about 5 degrees) to the ecliptic plane.
All the following statements are true. Which one explains the reason that there is not a solar eclipse at every new moon?
Earth is stationary at the center of the universe
For most of history, the lack of observable stellar parallax was interpreted to mean that _________.
Earth is catching up with and passing by Mars in their respective orbits.
During the period each year when we see Mars undergoing apparent retrograde motion in our sky, what is really going on in space?
the Galileo spacecraft that orbited Jupiter in the 1990s
Suppose you see a photo showing Jupiter half in sunlight and half in shadow (that is, a first quarter Jupiter). This photo might have been taken by _________.