F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby is considered a novel that
embodies America in the 1920s. In it, the narrator, Nick Carroway, helps his
neighbor Jay Gatsby reunite with Daisy Buchanan, with whom he has been in love
with since 5 years before, during World War I. The affair between the two fails,
however, and ends in Gatsby being shot and killed. The reason that this was
inevitable is that Gatsby created a fantasy so thoroughly that he became part of
it, and he fell with it when reality came crashing down.

The basis of all of this is Gatsby's obsession with Daisy and with
meeting her. He did not want to deal with the reality that confronted him upon
returning from the war. Fortunately, he had "an extraordinary gift, a romantic
readiness," and he found in Daisy someone to focus this on. She is perfection
to him, something for which he can strive, so he puts all of his energy into
finding her again. He uses his inherited money to travel around the country,
searching; when he runs out, he goes into the drug business, then oil, then

He clips out articles about Daisy from every newspaper he can find; he
buys a huge, romantic house that he hopes will merit her approval. The parties
that he throws every night in hopes that she will come become almost famous for
their extravagance and the variety of people that come.A result of this is that Gatsby creates an illusion around himself,
also. His past is shrouded in mystery and speculation: some favorites of the
party-goers' theories on why he is so free and generous with his resources are
that he once killed a man and that he was a German spy during the war.

He does
nothing to discourage these rumours; rather, he often adds to them. He lets
people believe that he was an Oxford man and that his money was inherited from
his father, when in fact he only attended Oxford for a short time and his money
all came from outside his family. Jay Gatsby is not even is real name, but part
of the illusion of his identity; his real name is James Gatz.This involved deception does result in a meeting with Daisy. After years
of staring at the green ight at the end of her dock like a symbol of all of his
yearning, he arranges for a meeting at Nick's house.

Gatsby of course tries to
make it perfect, hiring men to cut Nick's lawm and decorate his house with
flowers, and "unexpectedly" showing up after Daisy's arrival. At this first
reunion Gatsby is childishly nervous and embarrassed. He has decorated his house
with lights, and he takes her on a tour of it. When later she does come to one
of his parties and he detects that she is not enjoying herself, he discontinues

Gatsby, however, cannot plan for reality. While he and Daisy are driving
in his car, Daisy accidentally hits Myrtle Wilson, a woman who lives above a
service station in New York. Her husband, George, thinking that Gatsby was
driving, comes and shoots him in the pool. This, however, is merely symbolic of
reality crashing down on what Gatsby had created.

Firstly, his fantasy could not
have ever worked because Daisy is not perfect. She is instead more like her
husbad, Tom: reckless and spontaneous. In fact, Daisy was probably planning on
leaving with Tom anyway. He had suspected her and Gatsby's affair and found out
about his bootlegging operation. This darker side of him is what primarily
destroyed her illusion about Gatsby.

He, on the other hand, probably still
believed in her to the end; the knowledge that Daisy was leaving with Tom would
have ha devastating effects perhaps equal to even his murder.This hopefulness was the basis of what made Gatsby great and why the novel
was so representative of the 1920s. The American attitude was one of hopes and
dreams and the illusions created fromt hem. And oftentimes the meeting with
reality had tragic consequences as it did with Gatsby.
Category: English