A) Main point one: The long term effect of lack of sleep is bad judgment and Forgetfulness. 1) Subpoint 1 : Bad judgment is caused by lack of sleep. i. Sub-sub point * Science daily (Mar , 2 ,2007)-research has shown that bad sleep can adversely affect a person's physical health and emotional well-being. However, the amount of sleep one gets can also influence his or her decision-making.

A study published in the March 1st issue of the journal SLEEP finds that sleep deprivation impairs the ability to integrate emotion and cognition to guide moral judgments. * The lack of sleep a person will tend to be quick to get upset, stress depressed, mentally exhausted and less energized throughout the day. * This will in turn lead to interpersonal relationship will be affected 2)Subpoint 2 :Forgetfulness Sub-sub point * Lack of sleep also alter our production of hormones involved in the process of thinking and remember something.

Therefore when we lack of sleep we will be a quick forget. Forgetful is persistent failure to remember a piece of information and it is difficult to learn a new things. * Forgetfulness nature not only among the elderly, but also between a young people under thirty years due to the lack of sleep. B. Main Point Two: The long term effect of lack of sleep is weight gain and obesity. Subpoint 1 :lack of sleep may lead to obesity, according to a Harvard study. I. Sub-sub point/elaboration * In a trial of 21 men and women observed in a sleep laboratory ,those who allowed to sleep only 5. hours of sleep in a 24 hours period over 3 weeks had a slow metabolism and a reduction in insulin production, those changes can lead to weight gain and increase blood sugar according to research published in the Journal Science Translation Medicine. Subpoint 2:Mechanism that involved in explaining the connection between sleep and obesity. I. Sub-sub point/elaboration * mechanism involved in regulating metabolism and appetite are beginning to explain the connection between sleep and obesity.

During sleep our body will secrete hormones that help to control appetite ,energy metabolism and glucose processing. Obtaining too little sleep upsets the balance of those and others hormones. C. Main point Three:Depression is an effect that is caused by lack of sleep. Subpoint 1 :Depression is caused by lack of sleep. I. Sub-sub point/elaboration * In a study of 18,980 people in Europe conducted by Stanford researcher Maurice Ohayon, MD, PhD, people with depression were found to be five times more likely to suffer from sleep-disordered breathing. Sleep problems develop depression may indicate that sleep disorders and depression have similar causes or risk factors. * Research shows that children with depression who experience a lack of sleep or who sleep too much are more likely to have longer and more severe episodes of depression. 2. Subpoint 2:Depression can affect our health. I. Sub-sub point * When sleep is disrupted or inadequate, it can lead to increased tension, vigilance, and irritability. Physical or emotional trauma and metabolic or other medical problems can trigger sleep disturbances.

Poor sleep can lead to fatigue. Eventually, you find yourself in a vicious cycle of inactivity and disturbed sleep, which causes both physical and mood-related symptoms. II. Sub-sub point/elaboration * Patients may suffer from a range of insomnia symptoms, including difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, unrefreshing sleep, and daytime sleepiness. * People with insomnia have a 10-fold higher risk of developing depression shows by research. * Depression affects all types of people from all over the world.

For older adults, higher rates of depression and sleep problems may be explained in part by higher rates of physical illness. Among women, motherhood and hormonal changes throughout the life cycle (menstruation, menopause) may contribute to higher rates of depression. iii-Conclusion A. Brakelight As a conclusion, B. Summary if you are struggling with sleeping disorder, you should start searching help from the doctors because as you can see the effects of lack of sleep such as depression, gain of weight, and poor memory obviously will affect your life.

If you keep thinking that sleeping disorder is not even matter to you, now you already knew the consequences caused by it. C. Tie Back to Audience It is much more important to us as a student to have enough sleep to keep us active all day. Try to imagine if you do not get your 8 hours sleeping time per day, what will happen when you wake up the next morning and go to the class? You will have a weak body and cannot give your full concentration in the lecture hall. This problem will lead to the dropping of your performance in university. All students never want it to happen to themselves.

Thus, you should take an action immediately if you struggling with sleeping disorder to improve your lifestyle and hopefully will be helpful to maintain the good performance in your studies. Reference: 1. Chris , I. M. (2012, September 14). Depression and sleep: Getting the right amount. Retrieved on 14th November 2012 from : http://www. everydayhealth. com/health-report/major-depression/depression-and-sleep-the-right-amount. aspx 2. Joseph, G. (2012, July 24). Sleep and depression. Retrieved on 14th November 2012 from: http://www. webmd. com/depression/guide/depression-sleep-disorder 3. Hannah , T. 2011, January 27). Can a lack of sleep cause depression? Retrieved on 14th November 2012 from: http://www. marieclaire. co. uk/news/health/514265/can-a-lack-of-sleep-cause-depression. html 4. Ostrow , N. (2012, April 12). Lack of sleep. Retrieved on 17 November 2012 from: http://www. bloomberg. com/news/2012-04-11/lack-of-sleep-may-lead-to-obesity- harvard-study-suggests. html 5. Ann, D. (2012, March 20). Lack of sleep-weight gain. Retrieved on 17 November 2012 from: http://www. webmd. com/sleep-disorders/excessive-sleepiness-10/lack-of-sleep-weight-gain 6.

University Of Chicago Medical Center (1999,October 25). Lack Of Sleep Alters Hormones , Metabolism ,Simulates Effects Of Aging , ScienceDaily. Retrieved on November 16, 2012 ,from : http://www. sciencedaily. com¬ /releases/1999/10/991025075844. htm 7. Camille Peri (2012 , September 14). 10 Things To Have About Sleep Loss. Retrieved on 16 September 2010 , from : http://www. webmd. com/sleep-disorders/excessive-sleepiness-10/10-results-sleep- 8. Karen Smith ,(2012). Long Term Effect Of A Lack of Sleep . Retrieved on17 September 2012 from:http://www. ehow. com/info_8207538_longterm-effects-lack-sleep. html