Kola-Nut: The Symbol of Hospitality (title) •It is a bitter brown seed containing caffeine •In the past, has been added to drinks to diminish hunger and fatigue •The offering of a Kola-Nut is very important in the igbo culture and is only offered to very important guests •This offering of the Kola-Nut has three steps that must be followed. The first step is the presentation of the kola-nuts.

The next is the breaking of the kola-nut and the third is the distribution of the kola-nuts •Presentation of the kola-nut can only be done by privileged men •Kola-nut is passed around until it finally comes back to the guest •Elder will then hold up kola-nut and say a prayer •Then kola-nuts are eaten Onyemaechi, Uzoma. "Igbo Culture and Socialization. " Igbo Culture. University of Michigan, 26 May 2012. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://www. kwenu. com/igbo/igbowebpages/Igbo. dir/Culture/culture_and_socialization. tml>. Widjaja, Michael. "Kola Nut. " Igbo Culture and Igbo Language. N. p. , 4 Nov. 2011. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://www. igboguide. org/HT-chapter8. htm>. "Kola Nut. " Energy. N. p. , 16 July 2011. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://www. tumblr. com/tagged/kola-nut>. Igbo Foods * The Yam is a staple food for Igbo people and civilization * Yam was always abundant, helpful during lean times * The Iwaji or New Yam festival each year celebrates importance of vegetable in Igbo culture.

Prayers offered up and thanks given to the gods and spirits of traditional folklore. * Yam made in many ways * Can be pealed and boiled or pulped into a doughy consistency to produce pounded yam * Also ate a lot of pumpkins and gari (cassava powder) dumplings * Regular Meals * Typically soup with meat or fish * Sided with yams, garri (tapioca), semovita, or jollof rice Hafner, Dorinda. A Taste of Africa . Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press, 1993. Imoisi, Janice. Cooking Nigerian Style: Delicious African Recipes .

Houston, TX: Gayle Publishing. , 2000. Widjaja, Michael. "Food and Recipes. " Igbo Food and Recipes. Michael Widjaja, 2000. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://www. igboguide. org/HT-chapter3. htm>. Agwu, Kene. "Yam and the Igbos. " BBC News. BBC, 8 Jan. 2008. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www. bbc. co. uk/birmingham/content/articles/2008/08/01/yam_and_the_igbos_feature. shtml>. "ANAM CITY Blog. " Yam Preservation A«. N. p. , n. d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://anamcity. wordpress. com/tag/yam-preservation/>.