Introduction * Attention: 25. 8 million children and adults–8. 3% of the population–have diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. My mother happens to have this disease ever since she was six years old. Many people don’t realize how common this disease really is or how it affects a person. Having diabetes changes people’s lives because they have to watch what they eat, stay active, and learn to monitor their blood glucose levels. * Audience Motivation: It is important to know about diabetes because you could be living with it yourself and may not know it. Credibility: My mom has diabetes and knowing about it has made me aware of the warning signs that when her blood glucose levels are too low or high, she needs to react quickly to balance it out. * Purpose: Today, I want to teach you how serious diabetes is and what to look for because diabetes could appear in your life at any time. * Thesis: Knowing the different types of diabetes, the daily routine of a diabetic, and how to keep diabetes under control are all important things to learn whether you have the disease or not. I.

Most people don’t realize that there is more than one type of diabetes. A. Diabetes is caused by genetics or obesity. 1. Type 1 diabetes is caused genetically and is usually developed at a younger age. According to the American Diabetes Association, in type 1 diabetes the body does not produce insulin. 2. Type 2 diabetes is caused by obesity, and according to the Diabetes Update; it is the most common form of the disease. 3. My mom happens to have Type 1 diabetes. B. There are differences between the two types of diabetes. 1.

Type 1 diabetes can develop very quickly and daily injections are needed. 2. Type 2 diabetes develops slowly over time and many people do not realize they have it. C. Understanding Diabetes 1. Diabetes is usually a life-long disease, in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood according to the PubMed Health article in November, 18th 2011. a. Glucose, a sugar that enters the body, is a source of energy for the body. b. The pancreas produces insulin, which then helps glucose from the bloodstream to muscle, fat, and liver cells where it can be used as fuel. . According to PubMed Health, people with diabetes have high blood sugar because their body cannot move sugar into fat, liver, and muscle cells to store energy. c. High blood sugar levels can cause symptoms like blurry vision, excess thirst, fatigue, hunger, often urination, and weight loss. d. People with type 2 usually don’t show these symptoms because it is such a gradual process, while people with type 1 become very sick. II. The daily routine of a diabetic is a lot of work but can save their life. A. Once diagnosed, diabetes is a huge part of a person’s life. . They have to plan for any kind of situation and be prepared if their blood sugar levels get too high or too low. 2. If they take insulin, they must take it every day even if the person is sick. 3. My Mother injects herself two times a day, one in the morning and one at night. 4. My mother said “after injection, wait 30-60 minutes for the insulin to get in the bloodstream throughout the body. ” B. A diabetic has to check their blood glucose levels at least four times a day. 1. They should also keep a record book of their levels for future reference. 2.

This is done by using a blood monitor. a. Diabetics use a needle prick their finger to draw blood. b. A blood glucose monitor is then placed on the blood to check the blood glucose levels. a. If their levels are high, exercise and taking insulin is the best way to bring it back to normal. b. If the diabetic has low levels, it is a good idea to eat something. c. My mother usually only checks her blood when she thinks she feels low or high and usually only records a book when she hasn’t been normal for a while. C. If the person does not use insulin, they have to do different things. 1.

Usually this type of diabetic can just take medicine and will be fine for the rest of the day. 2. If this person becomes sick and keeps vomiting or something of the sort, they should monitor their levels and call a doctor if something is out of balance. III. Taking care of the insulin and medication is just as important as taking care of your body through diet and exercise. A. What a diabetic eats is extremely important because it determines your levels of blood glucose levels. 1. Diabetics should choose high fiber foods. a. Instead of eating foods like white rice, sugary cereals, and astries, high fiber foods are better choices. b. Eating foods like whole wheat pasta, wheat bread, and bran muffins are what diabetics should eat. 2. Being smart about sweets is a great idea for people who have diabetes. a. According to the Diabetes Food Tips “nutrientists” in New York, diabetics can still enjoy small servings of their favorite desserts now and then. The key is moderation. b. If diabetics want dessert, they should hold the bread during dinner, add some healthy fat like fruit, eat them with their meal, and savor each bite. B. Exercising is just as vital as what a diabetic consumes. . Exercising improves their body’s use of insulin. a. This is will in turn help regulate the diabetic’s glucose levels. b. Exercising is also helpful for reducing stress that can spike a diabetic’s blood glucose levels. 2. Exercising also affects blood sugars depending on the type of exercise. a. Short bursts of exercise can release stores of glucose for fuel. b. Long, intense exercise temporarily increases blood glucose levels right after ending the exercise. Conclusion: * Personal Experience: I experienced this first hand with saving my mother’s life.

I can remember when I was younger, seeing my mom passed out in the bathroom and running in my parents room to wake up my dad. A few years after when I was a little bit older, I heard my mom fall. I immediately rushed to the kitchen; I noticed my mom was out. I poured a glass of orange juice and poured some sugar in the drink. I had her then drink it, she was then more aware of what was going on. * Summary: Now you can understand more about diabetes and how important it is for everyone to recognize. * Refocus: Diabetes is a very common disease and type 2 is becoming more widespread every day.

By understanding the different types, the daily routine of diabetics, and the ways to help keep diabetes under control, is important for everyone whether diabetes affects them is some way or not. Because I had background knowledge on diabetes, I’ve saved my mom’s life and by knowing these, you could help save a diabetic’s life too. Works Cited Board, A. D. A. M. Editorial. "Diabetes - PubMed Health. " Diabetes. U. S. National Library of Medicine, 18 Nov. 2011. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002194/>. Diego, Steven Edelman, M. D. Professor of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, University of California, San. "What Is The Difference Between Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes? " ABC News. ABC News Network, 12 Aug. 2008. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://abcnews. go. com/Health/DiabetesOverview/story? id=3843306>. Goldberg, Jocelyn M. “Diabetes Update: Nutrition And Exercise. ” Rn 64. 7 (2001): 34-40. General Science Full Text (H. W. Wilson). Web. 18 Feb. 2013. McLellan, Kimberley. Personal interview. 15 March 2013. N/A. "Diabetes Basics. " Diabetes Statistics. American Diabetes Association, 26 Jan. 2011. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. lt;http://www. diabetes. org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-statistics/>. N/A. "National Diabetes InformationClearinghouse (NDIC). " Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2: Taking Care of Your Diabetes at Special Times. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 06 Dec. 2011. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www. diabetes. niddk. nih. gov/dm/pubs/type1and2/specialtimes. aspx>. Paul, Maya W. , and Melinda Smith. "Diabetes Diet and Food Tips. " : Eating to Prevent and Control Diabetes. Help Guide, Jan. 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www. helpguide. org/life/healthy_diet_diabetes. htm>.