Over the past four months we have the learned the philosophies of some of history most brilliant thinkers, but the four that influenced me the most are David Hump, Annette Baler, Jean Paul Sartre, and Emmanuel Kant. David Hump was born April 26, 1711 in Berkshire Scotland, a suburb outside of Edinburgh. Hum's background in politics was said to be Waggish, while religiously he practiced Calvinist, also known as the Reformed Faith. Although he published many writings, arguably his most significant was 'Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding and An Inquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals'.
The manuscript stated that moral assertions are rooted within human feelings and nature. For Hump, the study of individuals moral assessments reveals that socially useful acts are approved, whereas socially Clansman 2 detrimental acts are disapproved. He believed that nothing is present to the mind except its perceptions, which are either sense impressions or ideas based on sense impressions. Furthermore, that factual knowledge is solely from the data supplied by the senses, which extended in usefulness of reference based on a belief in cause- effect relationships.One of his values that spoke the loudest to me was his thoughts on affectionate sentiments. Hum's idea was that there are no qualities more entitled to the general goodwill and approbation of mankind than beneficence and humanity, friendship and gratitude.
Ultimately, he supposed that a person's morality was determined by sentiment. For this time period, David Hum's philosophies were a radical departure from those of previous philosophers. Annette Baler was born on November 2, 1929 in Dunedin, New Zealand. It is said that Baler concentrated in particular on David Hum's moral psychology and theories.Until Annette Baler, the history of philosophy had been predominately a man's game. Her feminist ideas focused on the moral insights to which women are more open than men.
Women's insights connect their ethics on love, whereas the men theorists rely on obligation. A topic that is highly fixated on is trust, and maintaining versus destroying it. "Trust is letting other persons take care of something the trustee cares tout, winner sun "caring Tort" Involves some exercise AT Elocutionary powers. " thought that the supreme trust was that between a mother and an infant based on he single fact that infants depend entirely on their nurture.Our awareness of trust in relationships is a basic source of moral concepts.
Additionally, some degree of instinctive trust, though delicate, seems to be a necessary element in any living creature whose first nourishment is provided solely by another. One principle that affected me the most with me was that trust is much easier to maintain than it is to get started, but is never easy to destroy. I believe that many people in the world we live in today consider the emotions of those around them to be disposable.Though, he philosophies that I Clansman 3 have absorbed from Annette Baler give me a glimmer of hope. Sadly, Baler died on November 2, 2012.
Jean Paul Sartre was born on June 20, 1905 in Paris France. By the time of his death in 1980, Sartre was one of the most renowned French philosophers of the 20th century. His extensive resume included philosopher, playwright, novelist, biographer, political activist, and the recipient of the esteemed Nobel Prize of Literature award. Being that he practiced Atheism, he believed that there is no human nature, because there is no God. Existence precedes essence.
His idea was that man first exists as a being who hurls himself toward a future and who is conscious of imagining himself being in that future. Jean Paul Sartre main thesis is that we as human beings are condemned to be free. "There is no determinism, man is free, man is freedom. " Ultimately, he felt that if there were a God, we as human beings would not have to be accountable for our actions because we would have been made in the image of God. Sartre proclaimed that things would be as man decides them to be.Although I am personally a believer in God and religion, I relate to Jean Paul Sartre appetite for aging your own destiny and being responsible for the choices made along the way.
I aspire to live everyday with purpose, passion, and goals. I too believe that one should never consider man as end, because are always evolving. Emmanuel Kant was born on April 22, 1774 in Prussia, which is now Russia. Kant is considered to be one of the most influential philosophers of the Enlightenment era at the end of the 18th century. Kant believed that ordinary moral consciousness reveal to every person that moral precepts are universal and necessary.Ultimately, the universal basis of morality is that people must lie in their rational nature.
On a related note, he describes genuine morality Clansman 4 as something that is objectively and universally binding, and requires a priori foundation. Something that was greatly emphasized in Cant's work was the obligation of duty. He believed that we as human beings had a duty to maintain our lives, to be beneficent, and to follow our reason. From this, human actions gain moral worth.
Another key point, and essentially what I relate to the most, is what Kant calls the "categorical imperative".A categorical imperative is an unconditional directive that prescribes actions to be done because of the moral worth of the maxim and not for the sake of the consequence. Essentially, what this indicates is doing something because it is the acceptable thing to do, not because you fear the lingering penalties Tanat could potentially result. Kant concentrated on telling ten truth Ana Keeping promises of debt as two important categorical imperatives.
I feel as though it would be impossible consider anyone as having good character without practicing those qualities.At this moment in my life, I believe as though my character is evolving. I make a conscious decision every day to treat myself, those around me, and this earth with the respect I in turn wish to receive. However, as Alexander Pope once famously said, "To err is human; to forgive, divine.
" I have made mistakes that some might protest "tarnish" ones character. Though, as a self-proclaimed optimist, I hope that I can always learn from mistakes in order to better the character I have built over the past twenty two years. As I said earlier, I try to live each day with passion, purpose, and goals.Needless to say some days I feel more passionate, purposeful, and goal oriented than others.
However, my passion to love and to be loved in return holds a dominant presence in every day of my life. One of the most powerful ideals I am taking away with me from this course is Emmanuel Cant's views on duty. Specifically, "the duty to maintain one's life". My life is a mixture of many facets that I am obligated to maintain. I come from a family of over achievers, thus I had incredible role models that showed me the benefits of a strong work ethic and a systematized lifestyle.
Clansman 5Whether it is my relationship with school, work, friends, family, or even landlords, there is a level of necessary pressure to leave an honorable impression, because tomorrow is never guaranteed. When posed with the loaded question of "How good of character can I be? " I was taken aback quite a bit. The obvious answer would be, "As good as I want to be". However, that is evidently easier said than done.
More often than not, the easier way to get things done is the indecent way. It would be easier to cheat rather than study. It would be easier to lie about your mistakes rather than take ownership. My hilltop's is simple.
At the end of the day I have to be able to look in the mirror and accept the person in the reflection. Jean Paul Sartre philosophies remind me of the optimism that I attempt to perform in my life. Every day is an opportunity to change not only your life, but someone else's as well. Every day I will be presented with challenges that provide the opportunity to either build character, or erode character.
What my ultimate moral objective is that I am able to not only make the respectable choices, but that they come naturally to me. When I think back to my first day in this course, I feel enlightened.While I may see some of the philosophies as dated, or I simply disagree with them, I believe I have learned useful information for my life. Particularly from the four philosophers that which I spoke of; David Hump, Annette Baler, Jean Paul Sartre, and Emmanuel Kant.
Ethics is described as a creed of reflective living. Ethics urges people to seek a constant moral life, search for basic moral principles, to know the good versus the bad, and to know the right versus the wrong. What I am taking away from this course is the knowledge to understand not only what I ought to do in life, but why I ought to do it.