doc. literature Formal Report on Filipino Literary Text The White Horse of Alih By: Emigdio “Mig”Alvarez Enriquez 3D-Pharmacy Group 3 De Pedro, John Christopher Q. Elazegui, Patricia Denise C. Espano, Divine M.

Fajardo, Jerome M. Garcia, Jose Eduardo C. A. The Issue inside the story • Psychological effect of man's alienation from the society he is at • Racial Discrimination • Traditions in religion • Psychological impact of an individual’s experiences • Quarrel between religions • Discrimination based on religion B. ELEMENTS OF STORY • SettingThe story happened on July 4th in a city with a parade of people. • Characters ? Alih- a Moro who plans for killing the people celebrating the Filipino- American Friendship Day ? Omar- the older brother of Alih who dictates him on what to do in every aspects of his life ? Imam- the village priest who tried to dissuade the two brothers, he explain to them that the prophets did not teach to do it ? Lucy - girl who lived in the reservation area where the Americans live -she is the first girl Alih liked Fermina - a beautiful bar maid with a mole near her mouth - Alih likes her so much but the woman doesn’t like him because of his impertinent manner towards her.

• Plot ? Conflict- Alih did not want to kill but the fear he had for his brother while he was growing urged him to the killings and also because his brother taught him that killing will be their way to wash away their shame and gain respect for their father had died by the American soldiers without any reason. Complication- when they decided to become merchants there were rebels who stole their commodities ? Rising Action - He saw a float with a girl whom he thought of as Fermina. He went near the float and assisted the girl to go down to the ground and found out that it is Fermina when he saw the little black mole on the corner of the girl’s mouth ? Climax- As he was about to hold her completely, Omar came but to his surprise, he was drunk and tipsy! All along, he realized that Omar had been drinking tuba. Omar was about to kill Fermina.

Falling Action- Alih kills his brother despite their plans to gain the white horse for him to protect Fermina. • Theme- the short story tells about the tradition, beliefs and faith of the Filipinos • Point of View - third person limited C. LITERARY APPROACHES USED Historical Approach Since the author was born on 1925, this may influence his work on The White Horse of Alih. The setting of the story happened on July 4th in a city with a parade of people. The author might experience this big event in the history wherein the July 4th is considered as Filipino- American Friendship Day.Mimetic Approach The text is can be related to the reality.

It there were discrimination among races, differences among religions and traditions. And the moral aspect of killing is an issue of their faith. Freudian Approach The main character tries to overcome his feelings on this text but Alih shows his intention to Fermina in the middle of story when he ask for a kiss to the lady. D. Biography of the author Emigdio Alvarez Enriquez was born on the year 1925.

He is a Filipino by birth. He started writing at the age of 20.He is a novelist, story writer, and playwright. Among his famous literary works are: Blood on the Moon, A Tale of Two Houses, Cachil Kudarat (Sultan of Mindanao) or Cachil Corrala, and Labaw, Donggon. All of this short stories won Palanca awards in the year E. RELATED MOVIE TO THE TEXT Bagong Buwan, also known as New Moon, is a 2001 Filipino film directed by Marilou Diaz-Abaya starring Filipino actors Cesar Montano, Amy Austria, Jericho Rosales, Caridad Sanchez, Carlo Aquino, Noni Buencamino, Jiro Manio, Ronnie Lazaro, Jhong Hilario, and Jodi Santamaria.

This movie is about the Muslim rebellion in Mindanao, Philippines and its effect on civilians. It is a look at the war in Mindanao between the Philippine government (during President Joseph Estrada's short stint) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), primarily through the eyes of the Bangsamoro (or Moros as they are more popularly known). The film starts with a narration, which was also written on the screen, that says: “Sa loob ng maraming siglo, naging mailap ang kapayapaan sa pagitan ng mga Kristiyano at Muslim.Sa Pilipinas, kung saan nakakarami at namamayani ang mga Kristiyano, matagal ng ipinaglalaban ng mga Muslim ang karapatang itaguyod ang kanilang natatanging kultura at pamahalaan ang kanilang sarili. ” From the very start, the film tells the viewers that this is a story about the Muslims’ (Moros’) fight to preserve their culture and regain self-determination.

F. SUMMARY OF TEXT The story started of as Alih the protagonist, moved along the crowd which was celebrating the fourth of July celebration. They were expecting a lot of people in this event because they planned a mass assassination in the town.The story then went on concentrating on the actions and what the characters are thinking before their planned killing. Alih was thinking of his houri and the past memories of their family. His father was accused of killing a man that he did not kill.

Alih and Omar’s father was the hadji back then and that he attended the Mecca. The Americans wanted him to submit to the judgement of the Americans. The story continued with the life of Omar and Alih as merchants. They sold their house, their boats, fishing nets and even their mother’s pearls. They then worked for Lim Ching which was a Chinese merchant.They were then robbed by men with guns and clubs.

They then went back to sea and stayed there for a long time. After the consumed all their stock of food and water Omar began thinking of killing and dying. By killing we can wash our shame away’ said Omar while staring into the space. The story then went on moving to the parade. Alih saw a girl which resembled his friend that he rode with in the carousel.

After confirming that the girl he is looking at is really Fermina, his brother Omar then went berserk and unsheathed his sword and killed people.Omar then went to kill Fermina but Alih protected her and killed his brother Omar. G. SUMMARY OF REPORT As a summary of our report, we discussed that the issues that we identified in the short story are namely; psychological, issue on jihad or revenge, differences in religion and culture, and alienation. Most of the issues were seen throughout the story specially the issue on jihad which was very prominent. The story was centered in the jihad or revenge of the protagonist and his older brother to the American race because of what they did to their father.

They were even having second thoughts about their planned killing because they consulted an Imam which also disagreed to their plan. Omar disagreed with the Imam and whispered to the almost convinced Alih, that the Imam is getting old and he must not listen to him. At the end of the story Alih actually cut the ties between his religion and the girl that he loved. H. VOCABULARY WORDS • Houri - (hu're, hou'–) one of the beautiful maidens said by some Muslims to dwell in paradise for the enjoyment of the faithful.The passages in the Qur'an detailing the physical delights of heaven are considered by many Muslim critics as allegorical.

• Imam- a leader of congregational prayer in a mosque, a religious teacher • Jihad- A Muslim holy war or spiritual struggle against infidels. • Qur'an or Koran- The sacred text of Islam, considered by Muslims to contain the revelations of God to Muhammad. • Shia or Shiites - A member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali and his descendants as the legitimate successors to Muhammad and rejects the first three caliphs. Juramentados - The term juramentado was derived from the Spanish verb juramentar, meaning "to swear an oath. " A rushing Moro warrior with shaven hair, fiery eyes and plucked eyebrows, brandishing kris or kampilan to attack infidels until he was slain.

It was a person who had chosen to fight in the Way of Allah in his individual capacity since. A sacred duty and when he died in the course of his attack, he became shahid or "martyr" with paradise as his ultimate reward. As with any real Muslim warrior, the juramentado loved martyrdom more than life.