Rudyard Kipling Required literature: Brodey K. , Malgaretti F. Focus on English and American Literature. M. , 2003. Pp. 191-197. Supplementary literature: ?. ?. ??????????. ??????? ?????????? ??????????. ?. , ????????, 2007. ??. 230-243. 1. English short-story writer, novelist and poet Kipling was the first Englishman to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature (1907). l His most popular works include “The Jungle Book” (1894) and the “Just So Stories” (1902), both children classics though they have attracted adult audiences also.

He tried his hand at many sorts of genres: he was a dialect poet, folklorist, adventure novelist, writer of books for children. His books are valuable source of information not only about the 19th century, but about men in general. Born in India in 1865, Kipling was sent to England at the age of six, there to undergo eleven years of formal Victorian education. He returned to India in 1882, and for the next seven years worked as a reporter & soon turned to fiction writing. Speak about Kipling’s biography and its influence upon the creative works by the author. 2.

Kipling never wrote by impulse – he had a doctrine and it sounds like “Art for Morality’s Sake”. He created the fantastic world of his own, very much rooted in reality. Speak about “Jungle Book” being a mixture of romanticism and realism. 3. Kipling became nationalist saying that English nation is the only that could bring the world to prosperity, to educate all people. But he does not speak about the English only but about the whole of mankind. And he shows some conditions under which a human being can become a man in his poem “If”. Prove that the author addresses the whole mankind in this poem. . One of his chief works – “Barrack-Room Ballad” – is a collection of poetry, about the experience of military service in India and other parts of the British Empire. It contains the most famous of Kipling’s dialect poems. There are two sections in this book. What do these two sections comprise? 5. “The Ballad of East and West” depicts the differences present between the east and west even though uniformity in human nature subsists around the world. In this ballad Kipling also displays his ability to create lifelike characters through “Kamal” and “The Colonel’s Son”.

Through the use of imagery and witty verse he makes both of these fictional characters come alive. What is the most famous quotation from this ballad and why does it cause misinterpretation? 6. His novel “Kim” is generally regarded as his best novel. The story, set in India, depicts the adventures of an orphaned son of a sergeant in an Irish regiment. Kim is European, not an India, and he is not a Maugly because his system of values is a mixture of that of European and that of Indian, full of truth and superstitions. Judge the merits of the book. Speak about the philosophy of the book.