P3- suggest and explain any factors which may lead to abusive situations There are several factors which may lead to abusive sit suitors. There are certain groups of people who are most at risk and these people appear to be vulnerable adults. People may have low self esteem and may accept bad things that happen to them. Their illness, condition or age can be factors. Adults become dependant on their abusers after a long period of time. Physical signs is an indicator of abuse.

People who are bruised, may have broken bones,poor hygiene, personal hygiene, weight fluctuation, they also may turn to alcohol and become dependant on it and then they may get aggressive,burn marks on the body, unexplained injuries, gynaecological bone problems,signs of restraint due to being abused, physical signs are the easiest signs to notice as they are usually able to see, if an individual has any of these signs it's important to talk and ask them to understand what has been going on, especially elderly people as they are more at risk as their bones are weaker and adults and elderly people bruise much more easier than a younger person would but people may also have emotional changes and they may be too scared to tell another person as they may be depressed, have distraught feelings, they may feel isolated and have a very low-self esteem, unpredictable feelings, they may be very fearful and anxious.

It can also be clear if an individual is nervous around you as this shows they have been in abusive situations and may be too scared to speak up as the may feel that they are going to get abused again. Adults are vulnerable especially if they have communication difficulties as they may not be able to speak up or say what has happened so the abuser is therefore taking full advantage of the individual. Residential care has potential for abuse of various levels. Individuals would also feel upset, withdrawn and may be very cautious around others as they are unaware of what may happen next. They will lack confidence and feel worthless and may be unable to express themselves or interact with one another. Individuals will also feel a lack of trust.

Behaviour changes may occur, vulnerable adults could not want visitors anymore, they may loose weight as of loss of appetite, they may realise they are loosing hair, this could be because of stress they are under due to receiving abuse, they are likely to have a low self esteem and withdraw themselves from the public. They will act very cautious and be risky about any behaviours they carry out as they have a lack of trust. They may loose interest in any activities they carried out such as watching tv, going to bingo or shopping. The atmosphere will be very timid around an individual who is receiving abuse. They may become very aggressive as they have no other way to take their frustration out.

They also could take part is risky behaviours such as taking up smoking, drinking a lot of alcohol to try and relieve themselves from the situations they are in. They will feel very neglected, they may be financially abused as their age they may be confused on their income and unaware of where all their money is going. People who are being abused are unaware of who to turn to as it can be very life threading. Adults are likely to be ashamed and have a fear of speaking up and they wouldn't want the public knowing about it if it was reported but it is unlikely for a professional to keep any information of someone who is being abused confidential as they are under a risk of harm, so professionals are likely to make changes for the better.

Adults who may not have the social awareness that abuse has taken place as they may have an illness and people may take advantage if they live in their own homes for example and only receive day care then the public are able to take full advantage of their house and sleep there etc as the vulnerable person may not understand and think that it is a carer. People may have an invasion of privacy for example a person may have recently moved into a nursing home because they have an illness and their needs need to be met, well other residents in the nursing home can become very annoying and rude as this may part of their illness and may scream etc so this could disturb residents. Abuse can usually be from carers, social workers, family , friends, members of the public, professionals or partners and it takes place in privacy and behind closed doors.

Their emotional changes is that they would feel unloved, not valued, emotionally numb, violated, isolated and they would feel although they are a target and feel that they are victimised. They would also face a lot of social changes as they would disengage themselves from family and friends. They would also loose friends because of this and then they may become distant from their family which would effect them emotionally as they are isolated. They would find excuses not to do anything so they wouldn't have to socially interact. They would face financial constraints, they would feel trapped like their is no way out of the abuse and they wouldn't have freedom. They would also not develop new relationships or bonds with other individuals as they may feel they are not fit enough to or strong enough.