Public Policy Influences Government Stakeholders: Government Stakeholders Influences Public Policy The American people expect that government and government-reliant organizations will protect their interests when there are imminent threats to the well-being of citizens and humanity. In the process of sustaining trust from the general public, stakeholders in government are elected by the people to protect citizen’s interests.

An agency that functions in supportive roles, such as, Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) have professional rescue and lifesaving skills with grave responsibility to protect the security and well-being of American citizens by securing that trust- as well. It is within the crying out to local governance by the active voice of the people that are in distressed that alerts various levels of government to act in the best interest of people through their direct interactions with respect to public interest and public policy.

When government responsibilities at the (local, state or federal) or NGO levels fail to act timely to citizens who are in need of emergency services in catastrophic situations, trust in government and NGO become the battle cry for change to public policy due to government unresponsiveness and carelessness.

Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to discuss and analyze two points; Firstly, stakeholders’ interactions and influence of public policy in government and government-reliant organizations; and secondly the interactions and influences of stakeholders in government and government-reliant organizations on public policy. Public Policy Influences Government Stakeholders The date is September 11, 2001; the world in American was under attack by terrorist.

The American government failed to protect its citizens from the 9/11 attack that was alleged to be an anti- American interest where weapons of mass destructive were supposedly used to bring the anti- American attackers anger and cause to the direct attention of the American people. As the towers fell and bodies were tediously removed from the rumble, the sign of the American government’s failures to detect the plot, communicate among various agencies and respond to leaders on the ground to ward off the attack was evident by the weakness shown in government to protect its citizens at home.

The dismantling of government infrastructure, the loss of innocent lives, and the attack on American patriotism that public interest was raised to astronomical emotions which sparked alert security levels to be established to protect infrastructure, border and transportation security and emergency preparedness (Rynes and Shapiro, 2005). Through the 9/11 catastrophic disaster, and public policy concerns, the American government decided to restructure legally, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) that was not prepared to protect the infrastructure into a centralized agency.

That agency would be named the Department of Homeland Security (Rynes et al. , 2005). To examine the effectiveness of the newly developed agency, the Department of Homeland Security, it is important to roll the clock back to August 27, 2005. The citizens in New Orleans were devastated by Hurricane Katrina where levees broke which caused flooding of the city which consequently; drowned citizens, created mass vandalism of stores by desperate citizen who were in need of food, clean water, and basic supplies, due to lack of proper emergency preparedness as to the city’s improper evacuations plans and government assistance.

Marty Bahamonde an (FEMA) agent, a component of Homeland Security, was sent to evaluate the problem. Bahamonde urgently e-mailed Michael Brown, the FEMA director aides a day after, on August 28th to alert the agency that the first levee had broken before the disaster became catastrophic (Rynes et al. , 2005). Government kept individuals, businesses, and charities from responding as quickly as they wanted. And at the deepest level, government so destroyed wealth and self-reliance in the people of New Orleans that they were unable to fend for themselves in a crisis.

From an academic perspectives history has a way of repeating itself as to the 9/11 and the Hurricane Katrina disasters. There are questions that may be asked; why do the government not listen to the sole source letter expert, the social scientist to ward off drastic changes in societal concerns that impact public policy concerns? Why do the government stakeholder have to make significant changes when forced to satisfy the general public stakeholder to make government look good in the eyes of the American people?

According Daniel Henniger, paraphrased,” academia and the experienced social scientists were mutual partners in past congressional hearings not the present day emotional media or talk shows in which they are limited with research data and analyses” (Rynes et al. , 2005 ). If public policy influences government stakeholders in the matter to respond as explained in the events subsequently to 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina would government stakeholders influence public policy similar?

Government Stakeholders Influences Public Policy Buchholz and Rosental (2014) postulates that the role of government and government-reliant organization will continue to be an age old debate with respect to government having too much oversight with the lives of its citizens and public policy. Should there be fewer government programs that impact citizens with respect to government interactions and regulations for social concerns?

As to stakeholder theory, the government has too much autonomy and power to make decisions without considering stakeholders interests. However, government has a crucial role to play because it is the major player in the public policy process. The idea of a free market allows government to set the tone and control public interests in society- if government can balance and satisfy community wants and needs with the ongoing growth in a market oriented economy, in which, mutual government and stakeholders interests are shared (Bucholz et al., 2004).

Conclusion In a global economy with diverse societal perspectives and interests, citizens’ concerns affect the way government reflect on changing or not changing public policy. It is possible that governments and government-reliant organizations will respond to citizens who are in dire situations when coerced by law and voices resonates from the American people to make the right moral ethical decision to protect public interest and public policy.

Governments and government reliant organization make mistakes by ignoring the advice of social scientist who are the sole letter experts in areas of research that reflect government and public policy in which the research and the social scientist’s knowledge may assist the government from making “deja vu”- mistake that are disastrous to the public interest and public policy (Rynes et al. , 2004, Hennigner, & Associated Press 2005, p. 925). It would be wise for government to turn off the radio and stop reflecting on the media to make public policy changes.

The addressing of public policy by concern citizens influences the decision-making of government stakeholders and non-governmental reliant organizations. Government and government-reliant organizations stakeholder has a dominant hand influences public without the stakeholder’s interest being considered as mutual partners. Therefore, government decision making provide little or no accountability when the autonomy and control rest with government while providing the citizen with more reasons not to trust government.