What comes to mind when you think about tourism? Hopefully fun, relaxation, good food, perhaps adventure. Tourism is possibly the greatest people-moving pursuit on the planet today, as well as one of the highest-grossing industries. Tourism Is one of the remarkable success stories in modern times because it can earn huge amount of money at stake. Tourism is important in many ways in the world it can be for leisure business, education, culture and its fun.
Also, it gives restaurants more customers, because people do not necessarily bring boxes of food, and stove and oven with them on vacation. The Tourism industry is important for any country as it brings in foreign currency, allows for cultural exchanges between people and creates many working places for the citizens. But despite all of these Tourism has its Positive and Negative impacts in Economic, Social, and Environmental that will be discuss Due to the size, strength and impact of the tourism industry on local economies worldwide, the debate over the positive and negative effects of tourism is little more than a mental exercise.
But to develop sustainable tourism policies, a thoughtful consideration of these effects is necessary. On the other hand, tourism has the potential to create beneficial effects on the environment by contributing to environmental protection and conservation. It is a way to raise awareness of environmental values and it can serve as a tool to finance protection of natural areas and increase their economic importance.
Tourism especially, marine and coastal tourism is one the fastest growing areas within the world's largest industry. Yet despite increased awareness of the economic and environmental significance of tourism, it is only in recent years, scientific researches have emerged. This paper provides a review of some tourism literature, which focuses, in particular on environmental, economic, social impacts of tourism.
Tourism impacts are likely to change over time as a destination area to develop
The impacts are also affected by time, location, and seasonality
Tourism impacts are also occur beyond the destination
Tourism also have an impact on tourists themselves
Income from Tourism may be used to help conserve the natural environment that is the reason why visitors come in the first place. Tourism may also help Puerto princesa to preserve local cultures and community, as they become a tourist attraction. And also the public transportation in Puerto princesa can earn more because of the visitors coming in their place.
Negative impacts from tourism occur when the level of visitor use is greater than the environment's ability to cope with this use within acceptable limits of change. Uncontrolled conventional tourism poses potential threats to many natural areas around the world. It can put enormous pressure on an area and lead to impacts such as soil erosion, increased pollution, discharges into the sea, natural habitat loss, increased pressure on endangered species and heightened vulnerability to forest fires. It often puts a strain on water resources, and it can force local populations to compete for the use of critical resources.
Tourism creates jobs, both through direct employment within the tourism industry and indirectly in sectors such as retail and transportation. When these people spend their wages on goods and services, it leads to what is known as the "multiplier effect," creating more jobs. The tourism industry also provides opportunities for small-scale business enterprises, which is especially important in rural communities, and generates extra tax revenues, such as airport and hotel taxes, which can be used for schools, housing and hospitals.
Successful tourism relies on establishing a basic infrastructure, such as roads, Visitor centers and hotels. The cost of this usually falls on the government, so it has to come out of tax revenues. Jobs created by tourism are often seasonal and poorly paid, yet tourism can push up local property prices and the cost of goods and services. Money generated by tourism does not always benefit the local community. Destinations dependent on tourism can be adversely affected by events such as terrorism, natural disasters and economic recession.
The improvements to infrastructure and new leisure amenities that result from tourism also benefit the local community. Tourism encourages the preservation of traditional customs, handicrafts and festivals that might otherwise have been allowed to wane, and it creates civic pride. Interchanges between hosts and guests create a better cultural understanding and can also help raise global awareness.
Visitor behavior can have a detrimental effect on the quality of life of the host community. For example, crowding and congestion, drugs and alcohol problems, prostitution and increased crime levels can occur. Tourism can even infringe on human rights, with locals being displaced from their land to make way for new hotels or barred from beaches. Interaction with tourists can also lead to an erosion of traditional cultures and values.
Tourism particularly nature and ecotourism helps promote conservation of wildlife and natural resources such as rain forests, as these are now regarded as tourism assets. It also helps generate funding for maintaining animal preserves and marine parks through entrance charges and guide fees. By creating alternative sources of employment, tourism reduces problems such as over-fishing and deforestation in developing nations.
Tourism poses a threat to a region's natural and cultural resources, such as water supply, beaches, coral reefs and heritage sites, through overuse. It also causes increased pollution through traffic emissions, littering, increased sewage production and noise.