unit 57 1. 3 describe ways to resolve any difficulties or dilemmas about the choice of food and drink: You could inform the individuals what is on the menu, if they say they don't like a certain food/ drink you could offer them a alternative. 1. 4 describe how and when to seek additional guidance about an individual’s choice of food and drinkThe individual may have certain foods they don't like or cannot eat for health reasons, if you refer to the individuals care plan you should find this information, also you may have an individual that is diabetic, you could seek guidance from their GP regarding what is and isn't safe for them to eat and drink. 3.

1 describe factors that help promote an individual’s dignity, comfort and enjoyment while eating and drinkingAn individual might need special cutlery, soft foods, specific food, aprons, assistance with feeding themselves, encouragement, aids to help them drink for example a straw or a special drinking vessel, they may require a private room to eat in. All these factors must be considered on every individual as all individuals are different, by considering all these factors you are helping to promote an individuals dignity, comfort and enjoyment. 4. 1 explain why it is important to be sure that an individual has chosen to finish eating and drinking before clearing awayIt is important to be sure the individual has finished eating and drinking as they could be a slow eater or simply having a breather, by clearing away before the individual has finished you may be leaving them still hungry or thirsty, it could also distress and upset them, always be completely sure that the individual ha finished, should they be unable to communicate with you just give them a little longer so as you are sure.

5. 1 Explain the importance of monitoring the food and drink an individual consumes and any difficulties they encounterNutrition is vital for a individual, and a healthy diet consists of a variety of foods. Some people could have problems chewing and swallowing, and they could miss out on vital nutrients. Think about providing a balanced diet, noticing changes that might highlight health issues eg loss of appetite, difficulty swallowing, excessive thirst (diabetes) etc.

unit58 2. 3 Explain how to report concerns about the safety and hygiene of equipment or facilities used for personal careThe regulations which relate to cleanliness, hygiene and infection control require service providers to: have appropriate procedures for the control of infection and of clinical waste Ensure premises are kept in a good state of repair externally and internally and are fit for the provision of care provide facilities and equipment to address the needs of the service users and keep a record of maintenance of such items ensure staff receive training appropriate to the work they are to perform and provide suitable assistance to staff keep records of incidents detrimental to the health or welfare of the service user.This would include notifying the Care Commission of outbreaks of any infectious diseases which are deemed sufficiently serious by a doctor attending people in the care home. Services which have requirements noted on inspection will be asked to submit an action plan showing how these requirements will be met.

They can also be subject to formal enforcement action which can vary or impose new conditions on their registration.Where there is continued failure to meet the terms of the Act, regulations or conditions of registration, the Care Commission may serve an improvement notice which will set out clearly the improvements required and the timescales within which they must be made. Where services do not satisfy the improvement notice the Care Commission may proceed to cancel the registration of the service. To date, infection control has never been the single reason for any enforcement action in care homes for older people.It is usually part of an enforcement action, consisting of many other issues such as staffing and management issues and poor, or lack of, facilities and equipment.

Where infection control contributed to reasons for enforcement action, the same issues as stated previously for requirements were most common. Examples of issues which contributed to enforcement: § no up-to-date infection control procedures or staff training § out of date foods in use § hot foods served cold from dirty serving area § lack of cleaning, odours such as stale urine poor state of repair of building and facilities § inappropriate treatment of people with infection and lack of information in the person’s personal care plan § lack of management support/poor management § lack of staff. 2. 4 Describe ways to ensure the individual can summon help when alone during personal care There is wide range of personal alarms and other emergency response equipment available to those who live on their own, and they can take many forms . Some might depend on someone being nearby - for example in another room or next doorTelecare alarms, known as community alarm services, are very useful for people who live alone.

They work through a base unit in your home, which is connected to your phone line. You can press a button on the unit or on a pendant that you wear around your neck. This connects you to an operator who can arrange the help you need. Some telecare alarms have movement sensors that can detect if someone has fallen and cannot get up, or leaves a certain area. Those alarms will be activated automatically, so the person does not need to do anything to summon help.

( http://www. direct. gov. uk)Another device worth considering is the mobile phone, these can be programmed with emergency contact numbers, at least one of which could be entered on speed dial, so that all the person at risk has to do is press a certain number, ie, 1, on the keypad. Then there is the emergency cord or panic button, which could be linked to a call centre who will alert the emergency services if necessary unit56 3.

2 Record signs of discomfort, changes to an individual’s needs or preferences, or other indications that care-plan activities may need to be revised unit04 1. 1 Define the term ‘duty of care’Health and social care organisations have what is called a duty of care towards the people they look after. That means that they must do everything they can to keep the people in their care safe from harm. It is not only the care establishment that needs to prioritise the safety, welfare and interests of the people using its services, but also the care workers of the establishment. My employer also has a duty of care for staff members, to ensure that working conditions are safe, and suitable to deliver the service.

1. 2 Describe how the duty of care affects own work roleThe specific duties and responsibilities of your job will vary depending on your role and the employer you work for. If you work for a large employer, whether in the public, private or voluntary sectors, you will probably have had a period of induction, where you will have learned about: •• the policies and procedures of the organisation •• how the structures work •• the people who are your managers and supervisors. Working for smaller private or voluntary organisations, or working as a personal assistant directly employed by the person you are supporting, may mean that your initial induction was less formal and you learned ‘on the job’.In each case, you will have been given an idea of the duties and responsibilities of your job and what your employer expects of you, and what you can expect in return. However, the duties and responsibilities required by your employer are not the only requirements of working in social care.

The regulator in the UK country in which you work will require that you follow the Code of Practice that lays out the duties and expectations for everyone who works in the sector. Having Codes of Practice is important in social care, because in this sector you work with some of the most vulnerable people in society.They have a right to expect a certain standard of work and a certain standard of moral and ethical behaviour. In order to be employed in social work anywhere in the UK and in social care in some parts (soon to be all) of the UK, there is a requirement to be registered. This means having, or working towards, a certain minimum level of qualification and agreeing to work within the Code of Practice that sets out the required behaviour.

Employers have to ensure that everyone who works for them is registered and eligible to work in social work or social care.