Opera is an example of a:
Browser

City College's Insight is a course management system based on:
Moodle

How many colors are supported by .gif files?
256

How many bits are there in a byte?
8

The ARPANET, the first packet-switching network, connected UCLA, UCSB, SRI International, and the University of Utah in the year 19__?
69

An acronym for an Internet connection speed of a million bits per second:
Mbps

A measurement of Internet connection bandwidth:
Bits per second

A low-cost method of connecting to the Internet using a regular telephone line:
Dial-up access

Connection that uses radio frequency to transmit data between two electronic devices:
Bluetooth

A technology that uses radio waves to communicate:
WiFi

Type of dedicated line that supports faster transmissions when receiving data than when sending data:
ADSL

Any of several types of digital lines that carry multiple signals over a single communications line:
T-carrier line

An acronym for an Internet connection speed of a thousand bits per second:
Kbps

Another term for the capacity of a communications channel:
Bandwith

An acronym for an Internet connection speed of a billion bits per second:
Gbps

____, the first commercial browser, was created during the summer of 1994:
Netscape Navigator

A ____ is a software program used to view webpages:
Browser

A subset of the Internet that supports documents that combine pictures, sound, and animation with text is:
The Web

3G is a third generation standard for _____ communications:
Mobile

One of the scientists whose research led to the development of packet switching technologies was Leonard Kleinrock:
True

Every computer connected to the Internet uses the ____ suite to communicate between networks:
TCP/IP

Businesses that sell their products and services online directly to consumers are following the e-business model:
business-to-consumer

IM is the standard or set of protocols that allows files to be uploaded and downloaded over the Internet:
False

A browser shortcut to a frequently viewed webpage is referred to as a favorite or:
Bookmark

Text links generally appear underlined in the same color as the other text on the webpage:
False

The top-level domain abbreviation for the aviation industry:
.aero

The top-level domain abbreviation for individuals:
.name

The top-level domain abbreviation for U.S. military:
.mil

The top-level domain abbreviation for businesses:
.biz

The top-level domain abbreviation for mobile products and services:
.mobi

The top-level domain abbreviation for credentialed professionals:
.pro

The top-level domain abbreviation for major networking centers:
.net

The top-level domain abbreviation for all uses:
.info

The top-level domain abbreviation for human resources professionals:
.jobs

The top-level domain abbreviation for government entities:
.gov

The ____ in the Internet Explorer 11 browser contains the webpage a web server request:
Display area

A _ is an individual who uses technology skills to access a network and the computers on that network without authorization:
Hacker

As most browsers do not have a built-in feed reader, it is necessary to download stand-alone feed readers or subscribe to online feed services :
False

The first part of a URL is http://, which is the ____ used to transmit a webpage from a web server to a browser:
Protocol

Some webpage images, such as many images found at U.S. government websites, are in the ____ and can be used freely:
Public Domain

The process of enlarging or reducing the view of the entire current webpage is called:
Zooming

A____ seldom changes:
Static IP address

Most commercial webpages include a ____ that allows visitors to locate specific information at the website:
Search tool

U.S. copyright laws do not protect content owners from unauthorized copying and sharing of text, images, and other media:
False

A ___, which can be an email client or browser add-on, is software or an app that collects a user's web feed content and provides it in a readable format for the user:
Aggregator

Most browsers provide a list of suggested websites when you start typing in the Address bar:
True

A URL can be copied and pasted directly into a Facebook post or ____ tweet:
Twitter

U.S. ____ laws protect content owners from unauthorized copying and sharing of text, images, and other media:
Copyright

A ____ is typically an application that runs on a computer or device, which requests resources or services from another computer or device:
Client

A _ is a webpage item listed in a search results list:
Hit

It is important to review the source of each hit returned by a metasearch engine to eliminate _ sponsored Correct listings that might not be the most relevant to your search query:
Sponsored

A hashtag is a word or phrase (with spaces removed), preceded by the @ sign:
False

A _ is a human-compiled, hierarchical list of webpages organized by category:
Directory

What is a special type of search tool that compiles the search results from multiple search engines into a single search results list?:
Metasearch Engine

Specialized search engines, such as Technorati, Digg, and Newsvine, are sometimes called:
Social media aggregator

A web crawler:
Yahoo! Slurp

"What is the capital of Finland?" is an example of this:
Natural language search query

A research alternative offering access to specialized information collections:
Dun & Bradstreet

A search directory:
DMOZ

Another name for the Invisible Web:
Deep Web

A metasearch engine:
Mamma.com

Seeks specific information using keyword combinations:
Targeted search

AND
Boolean operator

Form of metadata used in social media platforms
Hashtag

Listed in a search results list
Hit

Keywords are entered in a ____ text box or in the Address box:
Search

White pages and yellow pages directories include resources, such as Pipl and Wink, for a fee:
False

A search that puts the query in the form of a statement or question is a ____, like that shown in the accompanying figure:
Natural Language

Webpages with grammar or spelling errors, poor organization, missing images, or ____ at best indicate poor attention to detail, and at worst might indicate the page is a poor-quality source:
Broken Links

Provides information services to the business, scientific, engineering, financial, and legal communities over the Internet or an internal intranet:
Proquest

Which of the following are general-purpose search engines?:
Ask.com and Bing.com

Which specialized collection of electronic resources provides access to U.S. congressional and state government documents, statistics produced by governmental agencies and organizations, and primary and secondary sources of historical documents?:
Lexis Nexis

Search keywords should be chosen carefully to produce the best search results:
True

By not disclosing search engine algorithms, the search engines are attempting to prevent ____ marketers from manipulating web content to improve search ranking:
Seo

Another term for junk mail is:
Spam

The process of saving an email attachment:
Detaching

Contains the actual message content:
Message Body

Used to route an email message to an individual:
Username

Hardware and software that determines route to send an email message:
Mail server

Contains information about the message:
Message header

May appear at the bottom of an email message; contains standard information about the sender:
Signature

Used to send mail to people who should be aware of the email but are not the main recipients:
Cc

Icon signifying that you have new, unopened messages:
Closed envelope

Hardware and software system that determines from one of several electronic routes on which to send an email message:
Mail server

Text in a subject line indicating a message is forwarded:
Fw:

A group of keyboard characters that represent a human expression:
Emoticon

A malicious program that can harm your computer:
Virus

To download an attached file while using Gmail, you can first open the file for viewing, then:
Click the Download link in the viewer window

In Gmail, messages sent back and forth between you and your original correspondent are organzied together in a "thread.":
True

To open an attachment in Gmail, first click the ____ link in the message window:
View

To reply to a message in Hotmail, open the message you want to reply to. Then click the ____ link on the Hotmail menu bar to reply to the sender and other To and Cc recipients of the original message:
Reply All

A signature is not optional when sending an email:
Fase

You use a ___ to save email addresses and other optional contact information about the people and organizations with which you correspond:
Contact List

When you send along a complex document or graphic as part of your email, you send it along as an:
Attachment

Thunderbird is the companion email program for Mozilla Firefox:
True

A virus ____ is a sequence of characters that is always present in a particular virus:
All of the above

Windows Live Hotmail won't let you delete the default ___ folders, but you can delete folders that you created:
System

After you create a folder, you can transfer messages to it:
Either a. or b. (from the Inbox/from folders you created)

To delete items permanently, click the Deleted link in the Folders list on the left side of the page, click the ____ link on the Hotmail menu bar, and then, if necessary, click the OK button:
Either a. or b. (Delete/Empty)

Most email programs offer you two options for replying to a message that you have received: Reply or Reply All:
True

____ handles outgoing email messages, determining the paths an email message takes on the Internet:
SMTP

The email address [email protected] is the same as the email address:

When you create a Google account, the default settings sign you out when your session is over:
False

When you receive an email with an attachment or attachments, you can either open the attachment or ___ it:
Save

Use a ____ to join independent, closely related thoughts:
Semicolon

When forwarding a message in Gmail, numerous earlier messages that are part of the same conversation are shown in the header. This is referred to in the text as a____ conversation:
Stacked

Some mail servers will reject messages with too many recipients (usually ____ or more):
50

To delete a label in Gmail, click the ____ link to find the Labels link:
Settings

The full email address of the main recipient should be entered into the Cc line of a message header:
False

The following are generally accepted rules for email messages EXCEPT:
Always forward new information about viruses and hoaxes

The term Bcc is short for:
Blind courtesy copy

The top-level domain abbreviation for credentialed professionals:
.pro

If you are using email for a business communication, your ___ usually contains your name, title, and your company's name.
Signature file

Examples of ____ include what, where, is, the, of, in, and how:
Stop words

The Internet is a subset of the World Wide Web:
False

In Internet Explorer, you can erase your browser history from within the Internet Options dialog box:
True

In Firefox, you can create descriptive labels, called ____, and assign them to your bookmarks to help organize your bookmarks into categories.
Tags

Which of the following cable types does not use an electrical signal at all?
Fiber-optic

When using the "Reply All" option, your message will automatically be sent to ____ recipients of the original message.
To and Cc only

____ requires a broadband connection, a microphone, a speaker, and software or an app, to make phone calls over the Internet.
VoIP

The ____ protocol specifies how to encode nontext data, such as graphics or sound, so it can travel over the Internet.
MIME

In Gmail, messages sent back and forth between you and your original correspondent are organzied together in a "thread."
True

Using one browser window for all open pages is called ____.
Tabbed Browsing

Web crawlers continually browse the web to update their ____ with modified webpage content or new, previously unknown webpages.
Indexes

The private browsing mode in Firefox is called ____.
Private Browsing

____ cable is the type of cable used for most cable television connections.
Coaxial

The following are generally accepted rules for email messages EXCEPT ____.
Always forward new information about viruses and hoaxes

Bookmarks are saved in Firefox in the ____.
Library

If you want to force your browser to load the most current version of a page from a Web server, hold down ____ as you click Refresh or Reload.
Ctrl

Many LANs today can run ____, which operates at 1000 Mbps.
Gigabit Ethernet

The last part of a domain name is known as a TLD:
True

Bcc email recipients are unaware of other Bcc recipients:
True

Circuit-switched networks are inherently more reliable than packet-switched networks.
False

When you ____ a message, a copy of the original message is sent to the new recipient(s) without the original sender's knowledge.
Forward

____ is the amount of data that can travel through a communications circuit in one second.
Bandwidth

A/An ____ is a small file that a Web server writes to the disk drive of the client computer, containing information about the user.
Cookie

DARPA researchers worked to devise ways to make network communications rely on a central control function.
False

Two widely used resources for finding information on small and large businesses are Hoover's and Dun & Bradstreet:
True

____ is an example of a social networking site focused on career networking:
LinkedIn

A ____ shows the hierarchical arrangement of categories and subcategories through which a user has clicked.
Breadcrumb trail

Google's browser is called ____.
Chrome

What was the first GUI program that could read HTML and use HTML documents' hyperlinks to navigate from page to page on computers anywhere on the Internet?:
Mosaic

The term ____ equals 1,024 bps.
Kbps

The most common transfer protocol used on the Internet is the Telnet protocol.
False

The term ____ refers to a set of commonly accepted rules for proper behavior on a network.
Netiquette

Realizing that the Internet was no longer a scientific research project, the DOD finally closed the research portion of its network, the ____, in 1995.
ARPANET

An emoticon is a group of keyboard characters that when viewed together represent a human expression.
True

Filing messages in Gmail is different from other Webmail. Instead of moving a message to a folder, you ____.
Apply a label to a message

Very few U.S. and international newspapers publish online editions.
False

A ____ personal portal
Correct is a consumer portal whose content you customize to meet your specific needs.
horizontal portal / personal portal

Online reference desk:
Internet Public Library

FTP client:
FileZilla

Specialized information collection:
FindLaw

Third-party payment service:
PayPal

Personal portal:
My MSN

Online route planner:
FreeTrip

Browser shortcut:
define:

Online encyclopedia:
Bartleby.com

Online Broker:
Charles Schwab

A ____ file-sharing network allows files to be transferred between individual personal computers located on the same local area network (LAN) or between individual personal computers connected to the Internet.
peer-to-peer

Software that you can download and try out, but are expected to pay for if you decide to use it on a permanent basis is called ____.
shareware

A bank that offers online banking in addition to services offered at physical banks is called a ____.
brick-and-click bank

To access streaming media, your computer or device must have a sound card, speakers, and a:
media player

Rotten Tomatoes is a special-interest website where users can learn to make gazpacho.
False

An agency that offers accreditation for health-oriented websites is ____.
URAC

What is UNIX?
A command line operating system/A server operating system. A server operating system manages the resources on the server, much like Windows or Mac OS X manages the resources on your client computer.

List 3 differences between UNIX and Windows:
1)No GUI

2)Use of command line
In UNIX/LINUX the forward slash / is used instead of the backward slash

3)No device letters like C: or A: are used in UNIX/LINUX. The UNIX/LINUX user typically does not know or care what device is being used to store files.

4)The UNIX/LINUX user does not store files on floppy disks or print them out on a local printer. Files are stored on the server's hard disk and printed out on the server's shared printer

5)RedHat LINUX can be used from any computer with an Internet connection using Telnet. You do not need to be on campus.

6)UNIX/LINUX is case-sensitive , so a file named Notes is different from a file named notes

7)To access RedHat LINUX, each user must have a User ID and password. There is no general use of the RedHat LINUX machines—only staff and students enrolled in CS and CNIT courses can use it.

8)UNIX/LINUX files do not have filename extensions like WINDOWS files do. The period is just another character and can be used in a filename, but it does not have any special significance to UNIX/LINUX. However, filenames that start with a period are hidden files UNIX/LINUX uses when you log in, and they are not normally modified by users.

9)UNIX/LINUX files are placed in directories. WINDOWS files are placed in folders . The two terms have the same meaning.

Which command will show the current date and time?
date

Which command will show a calendar of the current month?
cal

Which command will show a calendar of 2006?
cal 2006

Which command will show a calendar of July 2007?
cal 7 2007

Which command will list out all the current users on the UNIX system?
who

How many users are currently using the UNIX system?
who | more

NOTE: If you can not see all the names on one screen, what command should you use to see one screen of information at a time?
who | more

The mancommand allows you to get help on a particular command. For example, if you did not know the finger command or the options that can be used with that command, then you would type man finger.
man command (displays help from the manual about the command 'command')

If you want to see one screen worth of names at a time, what command should you use?
ls hw?? or who | more

You would like to log out of UNIX. What command should you use?
exit

cd
Change directory to home directory

cd ..
Change directory to next higher level

cd directoryname
Change directory to the directory named directoryname

chgrp
Command to change the group that is associated with a file or directory.

chmod
Change the access mode of a file; use this command to control who can read and/or write to files.

cp
Copy; similar to move (mv) but the original file or directory remains intact; to copy a directory, use cp -r olddir newdir.

exit (or CTRL-D)
Exit from newgrp command; also exit the command prompt, log off.

-s filename index.html
Make index.html an alias for filename; you should have a file named index.html in every Web directory.

logout
Quit UNIX

(lower case L) --> ls -al
List all fires in the current directory with lots of information, including date last updated (omit l for a simple list).

mkdir directoryname
Make (create) a directory named directoryname.

mv oldpath/oldname newpath/newname
Rename (move) the file oldpath/oldname to newpath/newname. Either oldpath or newpath may be omitted, in which case the current directory is used. If oldname is a directory, the directory and all the files within it are moved to the new location. If newname is a directory, then oldname is moved inside of newname. To move a file or directory in another directory to the current directory, replace newpath/newname with a dot (.).

newgrpgroupid
Change to work with files and directories owned by the specified groupid.

pico filename
Edit the file named filename; use - x to quit;

pine
Enter your electronic mailbox; type q to quit; for more information on pine,

pwd
Display present working directory.

passwd
Change password

rename
There isn't a rename command; you move (mv) the file to its new name.

rm filestem*
Remove (delete) all files beginning with filestem; if you omit the asterisk (*), you must specify the complete file name; if you omit filestem (specifying only the asterisk), you'll delete all the files in the current directory.

rm -r directoryname
Remove (delete) the directory named directoryname and all the files in it.

homepage
The command you issue on fog when you log onto your userid for the first time; homepage creates your public_html directory and makes it known on the fog.ccsf.cc.ca.us machine as http://fog.ccsf.cc.ca.us/~userid/. The command also creates a skeleton index.html file with the correct permissions; you will need to edit the file.

- c
Abort a command or program execution

Most Web browsers not only support FTP, they have superior functionality when compared to FTP client programs.
False

To _____
collaborate
Correct means for multiple developers or authors work on the same file without having to download it, edit it, and republish or repost it to an Internet server.
collaborate

____ software omits one or more useful features of the full version.
Limited edition

When you use your computer to connect to an FTP site, it is called the
Local

After creating a network place, you can download, upload, and share files at the network location you defined.
True

People using FTP sites with anonymous logins usually can open and view all the directories and files on the site.
False

Freeware users are expected to stop using it after the specified initial trial period and uninstall it from their computers.
False

____ text contains symbols typed from the keyboard but does not include any nonprintable, binary codes.
ASCII

____ files use less space when stored and take less time to be transferred from one computer to another.
cOMPRESSED

Which of the following is a program that tests a computer to determine if it is connected to the Internet?
ping

Logging on to a publicly accessible, remote computer connected to the Internet is known as a ____ login.
anonymous

Briefcase is an online storage service offered by ____.
Yahoo!

To use a remote computer, you must identify yourself, or ______by supplying your user name and a password.
log on

The distance between your PC and a remote computer on the Internet is measured in ____.
hops

It is unusual for FTP sites to place time limits on how long anonymous users can store files in the public directory.
false

When you connect to a public FTP site using a Web browser, the browser might automatically supply the user name anonymous and an appropriate password to access the site.
True

If a file travels through 15 computers before arriving at your PC, then the file has made ____ hops.
14

Compressed files require more space on a hard drive than uncompressed files.
False

____ is the Internet protocol that transfers files between computers that are connected to the Internet.
FTP

Which of the following is a method for multiple developers or authors to work on the same file without having to download it, edit it, and transfer it back to the original author(s)?
Collaboration

File decompression is sometimes called file ____.
expansion

To download a file using Windows XP and the HTTP protocol with WebDAV, you can create _______which is a shortcut to a Web site, FTP site, network location, etc.
network place

An FTP server is sometimes called a ____ computer.
remote

Zip files are sometimes called a zip ____.
archive

FTP is operating system specific.
false

Virus detection programs only protect your computer when they ____.
a. are turned on
b. are properly configured
c. include current virus patterns
d.all of the above*

Besides permitting download access by anonymous users, the site's manager, also called the, might allow users to upload files, making them available to anyone who can connect to the site.
webmaster

Compressed files require more space on a hard drive than uncompressed files.
False

The term ping is an acronym for:
Packet Internet Groper

If a file travels through 15 computers before arriving at your PC, then the file has made ____ hops.
14

You can download files with a file extension of ____ in ASCII mode.
.txt

Provides most but not all the functionality of the full version of a program :
limited edition

New Internet protocol with collaborative authoring features
WebDAV

A sequence (string) of characters that is always present in a particular virus
Virus pattern

A connection between two computers
hop

Site's directory at which you usually enter
root

Programs that are available to users at no cost and without any restrictions
freeware

Name for a compressed file
zip archive

A sequence of characters that is always present in a virus
signature

Program used to make an informed choice when selecting a download site
tracert

Site that serves as a replica of an existing server
mirror

When you access an FTP site, you usually enter at the site's ____ directory.
root

An FTP site usually stores ____.
Folders and Files

____ is the Internet protocol that transfers files between computers that are connected to the Internet.
FTP

In FTP, ASCII and binary are the two file transfer ____.
modes

WebDAV stands for:
Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning

A ____ server hosts only one site.
dedicated

An absolute path specifies a file's location with absolute precision; there is no reference to the current file.
True

general term indicating the separation of the formatting and the content of a document
markup language

included in some tags to specify additional information about the content to be formatted by the tag
attributes

a commonly used character for separating words in filenames
underscore

ignored by the browser, but visible when the HTML document is viewed in text editor
comment tag

another term for "ordered"
numbered

another term for "unordered"
bulleted

slated to replace the tag

a feature necessary for a browser to process a script
scripting engine

an example is a toolbar for accessing a search engine without opening its Web site
add-on

what raster graphics are composed of
pixels

the amount of data that is transferred from a Web server
bandwidth

used by search engines to list your site and index your pages

The two Web site creation and management tools discussed in the chapter are ____ and ____.
Microsoft Expression Web, Adobe Dreamweaver

____ graphics have the following filename extensions: .ai, .wmf, .cdr, and .dxf.
vector

Tags can be one-sided or two-sided.
True

An HTML document uses the ____ tag to create the various inputs on a form.

Notepad is a text interpreter program that is installed with Microsoft Windows.
False

Most scripts are enclosed in HTML ____ tags so browsers that cannot execute the script will ignore the script.
comment

Some Web pages include ____ content -- content that changes when you view the page.
dynamic

Bitmap graphics are also known as ____ graphics.
raster

Dreamweaver creates code that is compatible with XHTML version ____.
1.0

The tag for creating a numbered list is ____.

    ____ is an additional service potentially offered by a Web hosting service.
    a. A summary of site statistics
    b. The provision of email accounts
    c. The use of database software
    d. all of the above*

    Enhancements, called ____, allow a Web browser to perform tasks it was not originally designed to perform.
    Browser extension

    The <____ /> tag can be used to create a text box, button, option button, or check box in a form.
    input

    There are three types of browser extensions: plug-ins, add-ons, and helper applications.
    True

    To process a script, a browser must have a feature called a scripting ____.
    Engine

    Some Web pages include ____ content -- content that changes when you view the page.
    dynamic

    Director is preferable to Flash if you need to create ____.
    three-dimensional presentations

    A ____ is a Web page you access with your Web site's user name and password, and includes all the tools you need to access and manage your Web site.
    control panel

    To specify a red color within a tag, the syntax would be ____.
    color: red

    The content of Web pages must always remain within the capabilities of HTML.
    false

    You include ____ tags in your Web pages to provide keywords that search engines can use to learn how to list your site.
    ????

    HTML specifications that are not included when newer specifications are released or are not included in the XHTML specification are referred to as ____.
    deprecated

    Since a dedicated Web server only hosts one site, it is less expensive to operate than a shared server.
    false

    Email ____ involves a virus sending you an email that includes the name of someone you know in the message's From line.
    spoofing

    ____ components are Microsoft's technology for writing small applications that perform some action in Web pages.
    ActiveX

    You feel that Heather knows her stuff. Before you leave, you remind her to visit the Web site that has the most current, detailed information about phishing attacks, ____.
    the Anti-Phishing Working Group

    The text recommended purchasing identity theft ____, which can help pay the expenses required to clear and restore your identity in case of a theft.
    insurance

    SSL stands for ____.
    Secure Sockets Layer

    sending a message with the name of someone known in the From line
    spoofing

    many freeware and shareware programs are sold as this
    adware

    hides encrypted messages within different types of files
    steganography

    user has no control over or knowledge of the ads
    spyware

    tests whether network traffic is filtered or not on a computer
    port scan

    it permits traffic to leave and enter a computer
    port

    people who write programs or manipulate technologies to obtain unauthorized access to computers
    hacker

    type of threat that permits data delays or denial
    necessity

    verifying the identity of a person
    authentication

    occurs when data is disclosed to an unauthorized party
    secrecy

    a component of asymmetric encryption
    secrecy key

    stores login information in an encrypted form
    password manager

    In the text, the term "applet" is associated with ____.
    the Java programming language

    When using SSL-EV with Chrome, the site's verified organization name appears in the Address bar to the left of the URL with a green background and the ____ site information icon.
    View

    Java, JavaScript, and ActiveX programs are all considered proactive content.
    False

    A digital ID is most often used by people using social networks, such as Facebook, to verify their posts.
    False

    Unencrypted information is called ____.
    Plain Text

    An attack that consumes a network's bandwidth is called a
    __________ attack.
    denial of service

    The term "Web bug" is most associated with the term "____."
    cookie

    A counterstrike is a procedure that recognizes, reduces, or eliminates a threat.
    False

    The ____ firewall software program offers a free version.
    ZoneAlarm

    A server certificate authenticates ____.
    a Web site

    A company can defend its Web server from DoS attacks by adding a DoS ________ to monitor communication between the Web server and the router that connects it to the Internet.
    filter

    A digital ID is usually used by ____.
    individuals

    All of the following are listed in the text as ways to avoid identity theft EXCEPT ____.
    canceling and reopening credit card accounts once every three months

    ____ emerged in 2008 from concerns that fraudulent Web sites had started obtaining certificates.
    SSL-EV

    A ________ attack occurs when an attacker disrupts normal computer processing or denies processing entirely.
    necessity

    ActiveX technology was developed by Microsoft.
    True

    If you click a link in a phishing email, you will likely be taken to ____.
    the phishing perpetrator's Web site

    A _____ examines the structure of the data elements that flow through a network
    packet sniffer

    The ____ is a not-for-profit organization that certifies interoperability of Wi-Fi products and promotes Wi-Fi as a standard for wireless LANs.
    Wi-Fi Alliance

    Hackers sometimes use "sniffer programs" to illegally monitor activity on wireless networks.
    True

    a collection of devices connected via Bluetooth technology
    piconet

    a relatively harmless attack that merely sends an anonymous message
    bluejacking

    a security attack using physical proximity to gain someone's personal information
    over-the-shoulder

    a handheld computer that can act as a personal organizer and store notes
    PDA

    an area of Wi-Fi network coverage
    hotspot

    a small wireless device that provides a mobile hotspot
    MiFi

    technology that can send data via light waves
    infrared

    a wireless network that provides network coverage to a large geographical area
    WWAN

    converts audio signals to digital packets for making phone calls via the Internet
    VoIP

    a key typed in by a user to encrypt data
    passphrase

    a standard developed by the Wi-Fi Alliance to address inherent weaknesses in WEP
    WPA

    a unique number that identifies a network interface card
    MAC address

    a unique number that identifies a network interface card
    icon

    A Bluetooth cell phone will also be compatible with a Bluetooth ____.
    notebook computer

    Hackers use ____ programs to monitor activity on a wireless network in order to obtain personal information that unsuspecting users might transmit.
    sniffer

    Any Wi-Fi certified device will always be able to connect to ____ access point.
    any 802.11

    According to the text, ____ is a company that provides subscription-based Wi-Fi service for visitors at many U.S. airports.
    Boingo

    SMS is no longer one of the most widely used and popular forms of communication methods, having been replaced in 1994 by PCS.
    False

    A ____ attack occurs when transmissions, such as messages between users, logins, and normal connections with Web servers, that are being sent between two devices are intercepted by a third party.
    man-in-the-middle

    One of the most serious mistakes that home users make when installing a wireless network is ____.
    failing to change the default login for the device

    Phishing is the act of driving through a neighborhood looking for unsecured wireless networks.
    False

    ____ is a term for finding and using somebody else's wireless network, usually illicitly.
    Piggybacking

    The action of issuing a command to delete everything stored on a wireless device is sometimes called a ______wipe.
    remote

    In a wireless mesh network, the number of nodes that need to be wired to an Internet connection is one.
    True

    WPA uses a key to encrypt data so that your key isn't broadcast before your data is encrypted.
    preshared

    If you have both WPA and WEP available to you, your system will be most secure if you use ____.
    WPA

    Security experts warn against ____ in public places.
    a. online banking
    b. checking e-mail
    c. online shopping

    Transaction fees, sales commissions, subscription or membership fees, and personal ad fees are ways in which ____ e-businesses generate revenue.
    C2C

    CATEX and Automotix are both examples of B2B subscriptions.
    False

    The number of times a page that includes an ad is loaded in a browser is a method of revenue generation called the _____ method.
    cost per impression

    In a ____ hosting arrangement, multiple e-businesses share a single web server owned by a hosting company.
    Shared

    Early B2C e-retailers that started life in the online marketspace as completely new businesses with no existing brick-and-mortar stores or catalog operations are referred to as ____ e-retailers.
    pure-play

    ____ exchanges follow a predetermined set of exchange rules that determine how buyers and sellers communicate with each other throughout the exchange, how they negotiate prices with each other, how they make and accept payments, and also determine product delivery guidelines.
    b2b

    ____ is a C2C e-business that sells online classified ad space to individuals trying to sell boats, cars, and other items.
    TraderOnline

    Several business advantages for companies conducting activities online include worldwide sales opportunities, reduced transaction and purchasing costs, and access to small, niche markets.
    True

    A business ____ is the way a company operates to generate revenue, create profits, and continue as a viable business entity.
    model

    ____ is an e-retailer's process for packaging and shipping products.
    Order fulfillment

    A ___ is a small segment within a larger market.
    niche

    All the entities involved in creating and distributing products to end users
    supply chain

    Someone who assumes the risks and responsibilities associated with starting his or her own business, and receives the opportunity to earn a profit from the business
    entrepreneur

    The percentage of each transaction that the financial institution will charge an e-business for a merchant account
    discount rate

    Situation that increases the risk of credit card fraud and potential chargebacks
    card not present/card holder not present risk,

    Customizable storefront software residing on an e-retailer's web server
    installed storefront software,

    Founder of Amazon.com
    Jeff Bezos

    A company that provides order fulfillment services for other businesses
    third-party fulfillment,

    A payment gateway vendor
    Authorize.Net,

    A return of funds to a credit card company resulting from a card holder's refusal to pay a credit card charge
    chargeback,

    Launched AuctionWeb, a free online auction
    Pierre Omidyar

    Installed storefront software uses webpage templates that allow stores to be created and products to be added to an online catalog in just a few minutes.
    false

    A ____ is a private network that uses Internet technologies to connect a business with its suppliers and business partners.
    extranet

    Transaction fees, sales commissions, subscription or membership fees, and personal ad fees are ways in which ____ e-businesses generate revenue.
    C2C

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