Where was Shakespeare born?
Stratford-upon-Avon, UK

Who were his parents?
John Shakespeare and Mary Shakespeare (Arden)

When was Shakespeare baptized?
April 26, 1564

What was his father's occupation?
farmer, glove maker, tradesman, bailiff/mayor

Who did Shakespeare marry?
Anne Hathaway

How many kids did he have?
3

What were his kids' names?
Hamnet, Susanna, Judith

When did Shakespeare arrive in London?
between 1585-early 1590s

To what acting company did Shakespeare belong?
Lord Chamberlain's Men/King's Men

What was the title of his first play?
Henry VI Part I

How many plays did he write?
around 37-39

How many sonnets did he write?
154

On what play do many scholars believe Othello is based?
A Moorish Captain (Un Captitano Moro)

Approximately how many different words did Shakespeare create in the English language?
more than 1,700

How many different words were created in the creation of the King James version of the Bible?
more than 26,000

When did Shakespeare die?
April 23, 1616

When was the Globe theater built?
1599

Where was it located?
Southwark Bridge Rd, outside of London

When did it burn down?
1613

How did the fire start?
During the performance of Henry VII a cannon was used to mark the King's entrance, and it caught the roof on fire.

Briefly describe how the audience was divided and arranged for performances.
The richer guest of higher status were placed in the balconies and the poorer citizens sat near the front of the stage. ("pit" groundlings)

How many people could the Globe hold for a performance?
1,500 people inside; about 3,000 total inside and on the Theater grounds

Who performed there?
professional actors (players)

Who played the female roles in the play?
young boys

What is a comedy?
make the audience laugh

What is a tragedy?
usually ends in the death of the main characters

Who do some people believe wrote Shakespeare's plays?
Christopher Marlowe, Francis Bacon, Ben Jonson

Approximately how many people lived in London (its city proper & suburbs)?
200,000

How big was the next largest city in Europe?
Paris (about 100,000)

What was the black plague? How many people did it kill?
it was a disease that killed about 75 million people.

What effect did it have on the public theater?
fewer people came to the theater because they were dead, sick, or afraid of getting the disease. (theater closed)

What humor includes winter and is cold and dry?
melancholic

What humor includes autumn and is cold and moist?
phlegmatic

What humor includes summer and is hot and dry?
choleric

What humor includes spring and is hot and moist?
sanguine

List the order of monarch who reigned during Shakespeare's life.
Queen Elizabeth I and King James I

Why did Henry VIII create the Church of England?
He wanted a divorce from his wife Catherine of Argon, but the pope wouldn't let him. If he were the head of the church he could marry and divorce whenever he wanted. (created new religion)

Under which monarch did England temporarily return to Catholicism?
Queen Mary I

Why didn't Queen Elizabeth marry while she held the throne?
she didn't want to lose her power and also didn't want a foreigner on the throne

How was Mary Queen of Scots related to Elizabeth?
they were cousins

Why was she executed?
she was convicted of plotting the death of Queen Elizabeth.

About which monarchs did Shakespeare write history plays?
Henry III, Richard II, Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI, Edward IV, Edward V, Henry VII, Henry VIII.

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