Water-soluble and Fat-soluble Vitamins Fat and Water-soluble Vitamins The vitamin classification is defined as water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. Vitamins are an important part of our diet, as they help with bodily functions and provide defense mechanisms for our immune system. You only need very small quantities but if you don't get enough your body cannot function optimally. Severe deficiencies cause debilitating diseases but even marginal intakes can cause subtle changes that affect your health today and your risk of chronic eases tomorrow (Crossover & Smiling, 2006).
There are 13 vitamins that are essential to our body, these vitamins are needed to cure our bodies of diseases. Fat- soluble vitamins are the vitamins that are dispersed, transported and excreted in fat. These vitamins are Vitamins A, E, K, and D. High nutrient sources of the fat-soluble vitamin A is liver, milk, green or orange colored vegetables such as carrots and pumpkins. Vitamin D can be found in oily fish (salmon and sardines) as well as dairy products.
Other nutrient sources of both Vitamin K and E are nuts (almonds and sealants), vegetable oils such as soybean, cottonseed and safflower. Also, spinach, cauliflower, grains and of course fruits and vegetables. Fat-soluble vitamins such as Vitamin A or Retinal helps the body in multiple ways such as helping your eyes adjust to light, bone growth, tooth development and regulation of the immune system. Vitamin D helps use the body calcium and phosphorous.
It reportedly lowers elevated blood pressure and cholesterol, and helps with peripheral vascular disease (Salable, 2011). Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant, and protecting vitamins A and C, red blood ells, and essential fatty acids from destruction. Several studies have found that the risk of age-related dementia can be reduced by Fat and Water-soluble Vitamins vitamin E and it can also slow the progression of Listener's disease. Several studies have shown that the risk of prostate cancer can be significantly lowered by supplemental vitamin E (Chalice, 2009)..
Vitamin D deficiency is said to cause rickets, systematical, and osteoporosis (Salable, 2011). Vitamin A deficiency causes eye and skin problems while excessive levels of vitamin A supplementation can cause arm to the respiratory and skeletal systems in children. Vitamin K deficiency is rare, but it can cause gum and nose bleeding. It may also causing bruising. Deficiency of Vitamin E symptoms include peripheral enumerator, ataxia, skeletal myopia's, retaliation, and impairment of the immune response.
Toxicity of fat-soluble vitamins A and D can result in vomiting, hair loss, skin damage, bone changes, growth retardation and calcium deposits in soft tissues. Vitamin K and E toxicity results in anemia, the body's inhibition of vitamin K activity, and brain damage. Water-soluble attains are the B vitamins thiamin (bal), riboflavin (be), Niacin (be), Vitamin 86, Biotin, Pantheistic acid, Foliate and Vitamin 812. These vitamins are dispersed, transported and excreted in water.
Grain products are good sources of the B vitamins thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, pantheistic acid, and vitamin 86. Meats, such as beef, pork, and chicken, and fish are g sources of all of the B vitamins. Milk also provides riboflavin. Water-soluble vitamins provides several benefits for the body The B vitamins thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantheistic acid, and biotin are directly involved n converting the energy in carbohydrate, fat, and protein into ATOP?the form of energy that is used to run the body.
Thiamin is important for nerve function, vitamin 86 is important in protein metabolism and foliate and vitamin 812 is needed to for cell division. Deficiency of water-soluble vitamins causes severe health problems. Foliate deficiency causes anemia and Vitamin 86 deficiency causes neurological symptoms including numbness and tingling in the hands and feet as well as depression, headaches, confusion, and seizures. A deficiency of thiamin causes ribbed, a condition that has been known for over 1000 years in East Asian countries.
In Sir Lankan, the word beriberi literally meaner "l cannot"; this phrase refers to the extreme weakness that is the earliest symptom of the condition. Niacin is needed by metabolism so much, that a deficiency of this causes dermatitis, dementia and diarrhea; if left untreated, it can cause death. Pantheistic acid seems to be needed everywhere in the body. It is part of a key commence needed for the breakdown of carbohydrates, fatty acids, and amino acids as well as the modification of proteins ND the synthesis of neurotransmitters, steroid hormones, and hemoglobin.
Lastly, Biotin deficiency in humans causes nausea, thinning hair, loss of hair color, a red skin rash, depression, lethargy, hallucinations, and tingling of the extremities. There are only a few water-soluble vitamins that causes toxicity problems. There is no adverse effects of niacin if consumed naturally, but if niacin supplements are taken in high- doses, symptoms include flushing of the skin, a tingling sensation in the hands and feet, a red skin rash, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, high blood sugar levels, abnormalities in liver function, and blurred vision.