A drug, as defined, is a substance used as a medicine or in making medicines, which affects the body and mind and have potential for abuse. Without an advice or prescription from a physician, drug can harmful. Drugs are medicine and the best use of medicines depends upon the physician, the user or patient; and the pharmacist. From the time of the Spain era, drug control laws prohibited the use of opium by the native Filipinos and other people except the Chinese because Chinese residents in the Philippines particularly in manila started smoking opium in 1780.
In 1844, the Spanish colonial government laid down an opium monopoly, which entitled the importation but the Spanish government and its sale to Chinese users. At this period, opium smoking became widespread among Chinese as its use was forbidden to Indians, messiest and the Filipinos. This compromise policy lasted up to 1896, a period of revolt and insurrection. The Americans took over the rule of the country, and establish a civil government in 1901.
And in 1906, partial legislation allowed Chinese addicts to obtain a license to use opium in their homes for a fee UP. O. The opium sale was under the government control and the quality was limited. In 1908, the total ban of opium was affected. The campaign continued until the Japanese occupation in 1946, at which point all supplies of opium were cut off from the country during that period the number of opium addicts was probably the lowest in Asia.
In 1953, republic act 953 was enacted which provided for the registration of collection, and the imposition of fixed and special taxes upon all person who produce, import, manufacture, compound, deal in, sell, distribute, or give away opium, marijuana, opium poppies, or coca leave or any synthetic drugs which may declared as a habit forming. The law also declared as a matter of national policy, the arbitration of the cultivation of marijuana and opium poppies. Sometimes nil 955, foreigners, for purpose of producing "reefers" introduced the marijuana plant in Papas city.
The reason why the foreigners choose Papas city to Introduce Ana produce marijuana plant Is Decease ten alert Is In Papas CLC were sold in taverns in Papas and introduced into elite schools in the same area. The criminal investigation on January 8, 1959 conducted the first marijuana raid in Papas city when several potted marijuana plant were seized By the sass's in manila, heroin laboratories began operation producing small mounts of heroin for the local market.
During the early sass's, production of heroin increased but local demand remained small with consumption of heroin estimated to be only 9 to 10 kilograms per month in manila. However, increasing addiction was detected in the student population and alarmed government authorizes The Philippines has been relatively heroin-free until the early Shawnee small heroin laboratories opened in manila. In 1963, new trends appear.
There was a waning of opium addiction among the Chinese but a concurrent increase among the Filipinos, Just the latter contributed 63 percent of the total arrests from drug offenses. In 1972, the drug problem was Just at its incipient stage, with only 20,000 drug users and marijuana as the top choice among the users in the Philippines. This was the drug scenario when Republic Act 6425, otherwise known as the "Dangerous Drugs Act of 1972" was approved on March 30, 1972. Following the proclamation of Martial Law and the promulgation of Presidential Decree No. 4, amending RA 6425, the late President Ferdinand E. Marco's, organized the Dangerous Drugs Board on November 14, 1972 under the Office of the President. The DB was mandated to be the policy-making and coordinating agency as well s the national clearing house on all matters pertaining to law enforcement and control of dangerous drugs; treatment and rehabilitation of drug dependents; drug abuse prevention, training and information; research and statistics on the drug problem and the training of personnel engaged in these activities.
Seven national agencies in the country formed part of the Dangerous Drugs Board. These are the Department of Health, Department of Social Service and Development, Department of Education, Culture and Sports, Department of Justice, Department of National Defense, Department of Finance and the National Bureau of Investigation. In the same year, Presidential Proclamation No. 1192 declaring every second week of November of every year as Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Week was promulgated. This, we celebrate every year along with our anniversary.
Since its creation, the DB has led the national advocacy against drug abuse by establishing a responsive and dynamic partnership between the government and the society. From law endorsement to preventive coeducation Ana treatment Ana rentals the seventies have been witnessed to a number of programs launched by the Board in partnership with other agencies and organizations. In 1974, the Inter-Agency Committee on Drug Abuse Prevention Education was formed to strengthen the relationship among the various agencies and the Dangerous Drugs Board.
As it responds to the drug abuse situation in the country, efforts of the DB are also recognized by counterparts abroad and other international agencies. The Colombo Plan Drug Advisory Programmed funded a program of the DB, the First National Workshop on Drug Abuse Prevention Education. It is also in this decade when the DB hosted an international program, the Fourth Regional International Drug Enforcement Association Conference. With the First Lady and Metro Manila Governor Amelia R.
Marco's waging an all- out campaign against drug abuse, Anti-Drug Abuse Councils in all cities and municipalities in Metro Manila were established. In the late sass's, methamphetamine and ephedrine hydrochloride entered the country, mainly via honking and became known as shabby. It is mainly smoked although reports of injecting shabby mixed with analgesics solution have been reported. And now, in spite of the commendable efforts of the government, given its limited resources in addressing the drug menace in the country, illicit narcotics activities still main as a principal concern.
It keeps on threatening to violate human dignity without remorse and destroying the moral fiber of our society slowly and relentlessly. The use by young Filipinos of the prohibited drugs like methamphetamine, crack cocaine, cocaine, opium and marijuana is now the country scourge. The abuse has reached epidemic, if not widespread, proportion, according to our unofficial sources in the Philippines Nation Police (VPN) and the Armed Forces of the Philippines (APP). And yet, the country national leadership is on a state of denial.
Scions of affluent ND or influential families rarely face arrest and prosecution for drug abuse, as the country criminal-Justice system is at the mercy of influence peddlers. Drug syndicates are able also to bribe some top Philippines civilian and or military -police leaders to look the other way, if not share in the bounty (sic) of their nefarious activities. There are numerous forbidden drugs not only in the Philippines but on different parts of the world; the reason why they are forbidden because they bring harmful effects on the normal functioning of our cellular bodies, if taken or if taken excessively.
There were many negative effect of abusing drugs, as to physical effects, malnutrition can be because the life of an addict revolves around drug use. He misses even his regular meals. He losses appetite and eventually develops malnutrition. Likewise, ten Aragua dependent won NAS tetra on Nils own to Walt narrow may suffer from severe gastrointestinal disturbance that result to severe dehydration. Skin infections and skin rashes, oftentimes the drug abuser neglects his personal hygiene, use unstructured needles and syringes that result in skin infection or even ulceration at the site of needle punctures.
Skin reaches may even occur as a side effect or sensitivity reaction to certain drug of abuse. If there were negative effects on physical feature of an individual, there were lot more on his/her psychological part; deterioration of personality with impaired emotional maturation, impairment of adequate mental function, loss of drive and ambition, development of psychosis and depression, loss of interest to study, laziness, lethargy, boredom, restlessness, irritability, rebellious attitude and withdrawn forgetfulness.
Those are Just some of negative effect that can be developed to someone who is abusing drug. In 1982, another procedural amendment to RA 6425 was made through Bats Bananas 179 which itemized prohibited drugs and its derivatives. Narcotics preparations such as opiates, opium poppy straw, leaves or wrappings, whether prepared for use or not were classified as dangerous drugs. The number of methamphetamine hydrochloride or shabby users was also seen to have increased in this decade.
Given this, the government with the help of other social agencies have also heightened drug abuse prevention and information program. It is also during this decade when we started to celebrate the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking or AUDIT along with other United Nations member countries in the world. With "pop" culture on the rise during the ass's, the need for creative and innovative programs that can compete with the different messages that seek to capture people's interest and attention has become Db's main task.
In 1995, the DB launched "Plan AAAS Drag" which has become the national flagship program on drug abuse prevention. A mascot was created to stand as an icon or representation of the program. The mascot was named KID Lists. KID being an acronym for "Callback Eng Illegal an Drag". SLD Lists was brought to different schools and communities all over the country to promote the anti-drug advocacy. A citizen's movement against drugs dubbed as "Mahayana Away as Drag" or MAD also gained popularity during the latter part of the decade.
This movement was a product of the collaboration of agencies such as the Department of Interior and Local Government, Philippine National Police, National Bureau of Investigation, Bureau of Immigration, National Prosecution Service, Bureau of Customs and the Dangerous Drugs Board that comprised the National Drug Law Enforcement and Prevention Coordinating Center, created by virtue of Executive Order No. 61 in January As early as 1996, the United Nation has noted the rising popularity of amphetamine-type stimulants (TATS) among drug users, and termed TATS as the "Drugs of the 21st Century'.
In its 2005 world drug report, the UN office on Drugs and crime reported that the largest number of methamphetamine clandestine laboratories dismantled in East and south East Asia in 2003 was recorded by the Philippines. In survey conducted by the Dangerous Drugs Board (DB) in 1999, there were around 1. 8 million regular users and 1. Million occasional users of dangerous drugs in the country. In 2004, the country rehabilitation centers reported 5,787 admissions reflecting a decreased of 32% compared with 7,113 admission in the previous year.
For thirty years, RA 6425, otherwise known as the Dangerous Drug act of 1972, had been the backbone of the Philippine drug Law Enforcement system recognizing the need to strengthen or replaced the existing anti-drug laws. President Gloria MacDougal Arroyo signed RA 9165 or the Comprehensive Dangerous Drug Act of 2002, on July 7, 2002 and it took effect on July 24, 2002. The new anti-drug law defines more concrete course of action for the national anti-drug campaign and imposed heavier penalties on offenders.
The enhancement of RA 9165 as reorganized the Philippine Drug Law Enforcement system. While the DB remains as the policy making body, it created the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PEED) under the office of the president. The new law also abolished the National Drug Law Enforcement Prevention Coordinating Center; Philippine National Police (VPN) Narcotic Group, NIB narcotics unit, and the customs interdiction of the personnel of these abolished agencies were to continue o perform their tasks on detail service with the PEED subject to a rigid screening process.
The PEED was officially activated on July 30, 2002 when the President appointed its Director General Undersecretary Ansell Avenged Jar. One year after the Creation of the PEED, the President issued E. O. 218 on June 18, 2003 to strengthen the support mechanism for the PEED as lead agency in the campaign against illegal drugs; The VPN organized the Anti-illegal Drugs Special Operation Task Force (DADAIST), NIB Ant- Drug Task Force.
Our society today is facing various aspects of criminals offense especially drug addiction. People gradually lost their concept why law enforcement agency didn't react on everyday headline about these. In regards to these, our government reacts and provides installation device such as new penal institution like rehabilitation center for drug addiction, also, our government seek help to our local government like barraging and other institutions.
Likewise, our law makers imposed and provide harder punishment for drug addiction so that other will not do the same This case study aims to study the barraging and the Police coronation and cooperation Walt regards to Aragua prevention However; we wall also clue some reattempts and rehabilitation approach to this enhancement by way of cooperation. Historically barraging was originally a Malay Village unit formed for mutual protection known as barraging. Another source put forward the thought that the Baling or Barrio was developed under Spanish rule and involved important religious responsibilities.
Barraging as the basic political unit closest to the people. It serves as the grassroots unit of government, policies, plans, programs, projects, and activities in the community, and as a form wherein the collective views of the people may be amicably settled, in short the law looks at the barraging as having three important functions namely: (1) as planning and implementing local government unit (2) as a forum for discussions of barraging affairs: (3) and a place for amicable settlement of dispute. Under local government code of 1991 the role of barraging in the Philippines society cannot be overemphasized.
For the barraging is that certain place where family roots are planted and every barraging members take off into whatever field of endeavor he may be engaged in. Being a common area of abode and livelihood to any, it is the initial point of contact between or among the members of the barraging community it is the first avenue for cooperation and mutual among relatives, neighbors and friends. The Punning Barraging is accepted to attend to all kinds of personal problem or conflict among barraging members, receiving representative of higher government authorities, aside from exercise of his powers and duties.
Consistent with ancient Filipino tradition, he is respected by young and old barraging members. The Punning Barings importance grows during election campaign period. Candidates for all offices whether national or local come to seek his help indeed, politicians correctly consider the Punning Barraging as a vital cog in their respective machineries. It is important to note that the responsibility of barraging officials also include the eradication of illegal drug use and rehabilitation of users to become a productive member of the community.
SETTINGS OF THE STUDY I en Daringly AY Lone 44 was Tortilla created In ten year DAY ten act unaware which it was promulgated, Republic Act 7160. The streets covered by the barraging are Veranda, Amelia, Wondered, M Funnel, and Ma. With Christina Street with Veered s its boundary to the north, M. Deal funnel to the east, Amelia to its west, and Wondered to its south. With a total land area of 35,000 sq. M. It covers 2,500 people with 800 registered voters and 37 registered Sky voters, 5 voting centers and 20 business establishments. The precise location of the Barraging hall is at 442 Veered Street Compact Manila.
The Barraging Fiesta is on every 3rd week of August. The nearest church within the barraging is the San Rogue Church which is the Barings Patron Saint. The name and location of health center of this Barraging are Palmtop Health Center (Palmtop SST. And Capital Eng Compact which is the hospital in the Barraging and it is public hospital. Although is it not part of the Jurisdiction, there are three elementary school within 1 5 feet on a separation of each; these school are located at Greenroom Street. The Barraging 439 is covered by Police Station 4. The closest fire station is the Compact Fire Station.
Like some other Barraging, the economic status of Barraging 439 is semi depressed. The depressed part area is 503 Amelia Street with 50 household. The Barraging 439 has its own flood prone area and it 's located at M. Deal Funnel Street crosses Wondered Street. Petrol Gas Station is also located at M. Deal Funnel Street. Name of former punning Barraging are Ninjas Baby and Rye Lipid. There are eleven members of present Barraging official and these are Romeo C. Cruz ( Punning Barraging). Maureen G. Balloter (1st Gawked), Rolando F. Soon (2nd Gawked), Mark Anthony B.
Pantaloon (3rd Gawked), Conrad P. Cruz (4th Gawked), Herbert A . Cruz (5th Gawked), Melvin A. Ramose (6th Gawked), Joyride L. Tactual (7th Gawked), Ma. Eloise B. Cruz (Secretary), Daniel A. Regardless (Treasurer), and Love Boy B. Toting (SKY Chairman). Scope and limitations This Study will cover the period of five (5) months first semester of school year 2013-2014 The respondent will be the community living in Barraging 439 Zone 44 Compact, Manila and the police officers which are assigned in the anti-illegal drugs campaign of the Compact Police Station 4.
The study will focus at Barraging 439 zone 44 under the Compact Police Station 4. The researcher will study what the Barraging official do regarding their illegal drugs campaign and as researchers we have to find solutions and suggest that the Barraging should provide activities such as sport festival, Job fairs and information rive to prevent the usage of these prohibited drugs. I Nils study wall not cover ten wangle Jurisdictional AT compact Police station 4 Ana wall only be limited to Barraging 439 Zone 44 that where the epidemic abuses of drugs are widespread.
The researchers cannot control the responses of the respondents but believe that can still achieve the best result for this study Theoretical Framework Prevention programs work at the community level with civic, religious, law enforcement, and other government organizations to enhance antiradar norms and prosaically behaviors. Strategies to change key aspects of the environment are often employed at the community level. These can involve instituting new policies, such as the drug-free school concept, or strengthening community practices, such as asking for proof of age to buy cigarettes.
Many campaign coordinate prevention efforts across settings to communicate consistent messages through school, work, religious institutions, and the media. Research has shown that campaign that reach youth through multiple sources can strongly impact community norms (Chou et al. 1998). Community based programs also typically include development of policies or enforcement of regulations, mass media efforts, and community-wide awareness orgasm. Examples include establishing youth curfew, having advertising restrictions, reducing the density of alcohol outlets in the community, raising cigarette prices, and creating drug-free school zones.
Some carefully structured and targeted media interventions have proven to be very effective in reducing drug abuse. For example, a mass media campaign targeting sensation-seeking youth reduced marijuana abuse by 27 percent among high sensation-seeking youth (Palmer et al. 2001). Through the family prevention programs can strengthen protective factors among young children by teaching parent's better family communication skills, appellatively appropriate discipline styles, firm and consistent rule enforcement, and other family management skills.
Parent's also can be taught how to increase their emotional, social, cognitive, and material support, which includes, for example, meeting their children's financial, transportation, health care, and homework needs. Research confirms the benefit of parent's taking a more active role in their children's lives, by talking with them about drugs, monitoring their activities, getting to know their friends, understanding their problems and concerns, providing consistent rules ND discipline, and being involved in their learning and education.
The importance of the parent-child relationship continues through adolescence and beyond. An example of a universal family-based program is the Strengthening Families Program for Parent's and Youth, 10-14, which provides rural parent's guidance on family management Skills, communication, camel support, Ana parent-canola relationships. Recognizing that it can be difficult to attract parent's to this program, the researchers encourage participation through flexibility in scheduling and location.
Offering conveniences such as babysitting, transportation, and meals make articulation more practical for many rural parent's, while enhancing the program's success in reaching its goals . Another type of family program operates with in a school setting. The Adolescent Transitions Program, for example, is a tiered intervention family program. All families can get involved with the universal intervention, which makes available a Family Resource Room where information on parenting is provided.
The Family Check-up, the selective level of this program, is an assessment process to identify and help families at greater risk by providing them with information and interventions specific to their needs. Families already engaged in problem behaviors and identified as needing an indicated intervention are provided more intense assistance and information tailored to their problem. Such assistance might include, for example, individual or family therapy, intensive parent coaching, therapeutic foster care, or other family-specific interventions.
The uniqueness of the tiered approach is that the whole school participates in the program and all individuals or families receive the appropriate level of help without being labeled in the process. It also discusses in Prevention programs in schools focus on children's social and academic skills, including enhancing peer relationships, self-control, coping skills, social behaviors, and drug offer refusal skills. School-based prevention programs should be integrated within the school's own goal of enhanced academic performance.
Evidence is emerging that a major risk for school failure is a child's inability to read by the third and fourth grades (Barrier et al. 2002), and school failure is strongly associated with drug abuse. Integrated programs strengthen students' bonding to school and reduce their likelihood of dropping out. Most prevention curricula include a normative education component designed to correct he misconception that many students are abusing drugs. Most research-based prevention interventions in schools include curricula that teach many of the behavioral and social skills described above.
The Life Skills Training Program exemplifies universal classroom programs that are provided to middle scholars. The program teaches drug resistance, self-management, and general social skills in a 3- year curriculum, with the third year a booster session offered when students enter high school. The Caring School Community Program is another type of school-based intervention. This universal elementary school program focuses on establishing a sense of community' among the classroom, school, and family settings.
The community support that results helps children succeed in school and cope with stress and other problems when they occur. An indicated intervention that reaches high school students, Project towards No Drug Abuse focuses on students who have failed to succeed in school and are engaged in drug abuse and other problem behaviors. The program seeks to rebuild students' interest in school and their future, correct their misconceptions about drug abuse, and strengthen protective factors, including positive decision-making and commitment.