Word Count: 898People judge others they encounter based upon their own
values. These values are acquired through experiences in
the home, school, at work, and with friends. A person is
taught from their parents at a very young age what is right
and wrong, but they may fail to realize that the values they
are taught are filtered through the minds of those who
teach. Therefore one is a product of their previous
generation adding our his or her judgement to the values
that we will pass on. Hawthorne judges the characters in
by using his own values. These values
were drastically different from other Puritans. Instead of the
stern, harsh values of the Puritans, Hawthorne sees life
through the eyes of a Romantic. He judges each person
accordingly, characterizing each person's sin as the
pardonable sin of nature or the unpardonable sin of the
human soul. One can infer, by the writing style, that
Hawthorne is most forgiving to Hester. He writes about
Hester with a feeling of compassion that the descriptions of
the other characters lack. Hawthorne approves of Hetser's
feeling, vitality, and thirst to overcome the iron shackles of
binding society. He shows us that although Hester is not
permitted to express her feelings verbally because of social
persecution, there is no one that can restrain the thoughts of
the human mind. Hawthorne, being a romantic and man of
nature himself, can relate to the this. - If you were to look
up the human mating characteristics in a science book you
may surprise yourself. The human instinct is to have more
than one partner not to stay loyal to one partner- In fact
Hester is often contrasted with the Puritan laws and rules,
especially when Hawthorne states: "The world's law was
no law for her mind." (70) Roger Chillingworth's
personality is one of intelligence and knowledge but no
feeling. Hawthorne considers Roger Chilingworth's sin the
worst in the book. In one of his journal entrees he labels it
the "unpardonable sin." Hawthorne describes him as very
cold and Puritan-like, an educated man that looked very
scholarly. As stated here: There was a remarkable
intelligence in his features, as a person who had so
cultivated his mental part that it could not fail to mould to
physical to itself, and become manifest by unmistakable
tokens. (67) Hawthorne frequently refers to Chillingworth's
genius and diction, but purposely fails to have Chillingworth
show any slight sign of compassion. This lack of
compassion is what made him the monster that he is. He
treats people like a mathematical problem analyzing only
the facts, caring nothing about the harm that he might
cause.(my notes) He picks at Dimmsdale the same way as
described here: He now dug into the poor clergyman's
heart like a miner searching for gold or, rather, like a sexton
delving into a grave Possibly in the quest of a jewel that had
been buried on the dead mans bosom, but likely to find
nothing save morality and corruption. (127) Chillingworth
now takes room with Dimmsdale only pretending to be his
friend but secretly plotting his demise. Shortly after people
begin to notice "something ugly and evil in his face which
the had not previously noticed and grew to the more
obvious to sight the more they looked upon him." (67)
Chillingworth's face seemed to change more and more.

Hawthorne soon refers to Chillingworth as the black man,
which is a derivative of the devil. Hawthorne describes
Chillingworth with such strong disdain that in the end
Chillingworth simply dies when there is no pain or suffering
for him to live off of. He is a parasite, a leech that sucked
dry the life of the once young and strong Dimmsdale. For
this feat Chillingworth shall be eternally punished. He has
committed the worst sin, not of the mind but the mortal sin
that is the desecration of the human soul. The reader first
comes across Arthur Dimmsdale in the church making his
sermon. The people love him, regarding him as a good,
young, Christian man. The one thing that no one knows is
the secret that he holds within. We see that Dimmsdale
watches Hetser being prosecuted, doing nothing to stop the
injustice. He is a weak and immoral man that has no inner
strength whatsoever. In some points of the story he cannot
even bear to live with the sin, in some severe instances he
even whips himself as punishment, but he will not tell of the
sin because he fears the social persecution that he will
receive if he admits to this hanous crime. Dimmsdale's sin is
one of enigma. He commits a sin against two people, one
being himself and the other being Hester. It is very clear
that he has done Hester wrong but the sin against him is
more complicated. By not telling the people that he has
done wrong he lays tremendous guilt on his soul, so much
so that it causes his physical appearance to fade and almost
extinguishes as Hawthorne iterates here: His form grew
emaciated his voice, still rich and sweet had a melancholy
prophecy of decay in it he was often observed on a slight
alarm or other sudden accident, to put his hand over his
heart, with first a flush and then paleness, indicative of pain.

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(119) Hawthorne is a romantic and has the personality of
one. He is most forgiving to Hester because she is a
Romantic person. She lives in a society many years before
her time, but she is strong willed and fights societies disdain
to overcome her own sin. He places Dimmsdale
somewhere amidst the foggy middle, between these two
characters. Dimmsdale is sat here because he commits no
direct sin. By not telling anyone of his secret sin he causes
the pain of himself and Hester. He clearly characterizes
Chilingworth as the least pardonable because he commits
the sin of the heart, the soul, and of God.