Jose Martiwas born in Havana on Jan. 28, 1853, of Spanish parents. at 16 he published a Havana newspaper, La Patria Libre, and wrote a dramatic poem, Abdala. sentenced to prison as a teenager for expressing his support for the revolution (during the Ten-Year War) Marti is considered one of the great turn-of-the-century Latin American intellectuals. His written works consist of a series of poems, essays, letters, lectures, a novel, and even a children's magazine Marti was the elder brother to seven sisters
Also instrumental in his development of a social and political conscience was his best friend Fermin Valdes Dominguez, the son of a wealthy slave-owning family In April the same year(1865), after hearing the news of Abraham Lincoln's assassination, Marti and other young students expressed their pain—through group mourning—for the death of a man who had decreed the abolition of slavery in a neighboring country. Marti signed up at the Escuela Profesional de Pintura y Escultura de La Habana (Professional School for Painting and Sculpture of Havana) in September 1867, known as San Alejandro, to take drawing classes.
He hoped to flourish in this area, but did not find commercial success. In 1869, he published his first political writings in the only edition of the newspaper El Diablo Cojuelo, published by Fermin Valdes Dominguez On 21 October 1869, aged 16, he was arrested and incarcerated in the national jail, following an accusation of treason and bribery from the Spanish government upon the discovery of a "reproving" letter, which Marti and Fermin had written to a friend when he joined the Spanish army More than four months later, Marti confessed to the charges and was condemned to six years in prison.
His mother tried to free her son (who at 16 was still a minor) by writing letters to the government; his father went to a lawyer friend for legal support, but all efforts failed. Eventually Marti fell ill; his legs were severely lacerated by the chains that bound him. Jose Marti was killed in battle against Spanish troops at the Battle of Dos Rios, near the confluence of the rivers Contramaestre and Cauto, on May 19, 1895. Gomez had recognized that the Spaniards had a strong position between palm trees, so he ordered his men to disengage.
Marti was alone and seeing a young courier ride by he said: "Joven, a la carga! " meaning: "Young men, charge! " This was around midday, and he was, as always, dressed in a black jacket, riding a white horse, which made him an easy target for the Spanish. After Marti was shot, the young trooper, Angel de la Guardia, lost his horse and returned to report the loss. The Spanish took possession of the body, buried it close by, then exhumed the body upon realization of its identity. They are said not to have burned him because they were scared that the ashes would get into their throats and asphyxiate them.