Standards Act (FALLS) the federal law that regulates child labor, minimum wages, and overtime. The Labor Standards Act known as Fair Labor Standards Act is federal legislation that protects workers from unfair labor practices such as unequal pay, excessive work hours, and lack of overtime compensation. The Labor Standards Act (FALLS) regulation for child labor, which forbid children under 14 from working and regulates the satellites of children from ages 14 to 18.
For nonagricultural operations restricts the hours that children under age of 16 can work and forbids the employment of children under age of 18 In certain Jobs deems too dangerous. For agricultural operations, It prohibits the employment of children under age 16 during school hours. Child Labor provisions under FALLS are designed to protect the educational opportunities of youth and prohibit their employment in jobs that are detrimental to their health and safety (United States Department of Labor).
There are countries such as third war countries such as India, Africa, and Asia where children working as young as five years of age due to poverty. Minimum Wages is the lowest hourly wage by employer is required to pay an employee. The federal Minimum Wage is $7. 25 an hour for covered non-exempt employees effective July 24, 2009. Some states required employers to pay a higher minimum wage than the federal hourly rate. There are some employees who are not required to be paid minimum wage including workers under 20 and workers who ran tips.
The FALLS does not provide wage payment collection procedures for an employees usual or promised wages or commissions in excess of those required by the FALLS. However, some states do have laws under which such claims (sometimes including fringe benefits) may be filed. President Obama proposed increasing the minimum wage from $7. 25 to $9, and then indexing it to inflation (The Washington Post). A number of exceptions to these rules exist, such as for employment by parents, newspaper delivery, and child actors.