George Ritzer

*September 11th: Mass Murder and It's Roots in the Symbolism of American Consumer Culture*

An attack on American Culture, the World Trade Center was a symbol of America's global hegemony

Fast food restaurants, credit cards are "cathedrals of consumption"

People are increasingly consuming like Americans

Trojan Horse, "hidden within its bright and attractive wrappings are all manner of threats to local culture"

Wal-Mart on the outskirts of town

Nike and Tommy Hilfiger are American symbols, by destroying those, you are destroying America

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Haunani Kay-Trask

*"Lovely Hula Hands": Corporate Tourism*

Exploitation of subculture when it's beliefs, rituals and social customs are commodified without their permission

Hawaiian culture has been made into an industry

Idea that tourism is the mass based, corporately controlled industry

Hawaii is the prostitute, selling herself

Pimp: conduct of exchange

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Miners are Americans BUT NOT

*"Body Ritual Among the Nacierma"*

An anthropological take on America
has a highly developed market economy
concerned with oral health
perspective that it is written from is mimicking early assessments of other cultures.



*"The Culture of Fear: Why American's are Afraid of the Wrong Things"*

I fear broken glass

That Americans fear the wrong things (there is a lot of sensationalizing, especially about violence and crime) and do not focus on issues that warrant fear (poverty, inequalities, etc.); the media, political parties, religious sects, and businesses profit from media scares.

Focused on violence among kids, but actually at a record low

Journalists-- can help and hurt the situation
Abestos in school-- spent 1o bil to purge the mold, was at a lower risk if it had not been touched



*"A Sociological View"*

Becker sounds like beggars, and beggars play

Concerted interest- the cooperation of different interest groups in a specific action with a common goal

how does culture and a shared understanding help people collectively?

Civil inattention: allowing each other privacy in a crowded space

Jazz musicians play together even if they had just met

Where does culture come from?

Culture reflects social interactions and patterns (thoughts, emotions and practices)


Victor Rios

*Dreams Deferred: The Patterns of Punishment in Oakland*

*Participant observation* and qualitative in-depth interviews in Oakland (shadowed group of 40 men for 3 years, and interviewed and observed 78 other youths in depth (118 youth total)) to examine the experiences of Black and Latino youth living in communities heavily affected by criminal justice policies and practices.

*Qualitative Research*

Meika Loe

*"Working at Bazooms: The Intersection of Power, Gender and Sexuality"*

This job was a "loe" point
Looked at job based power and gender.

Emotional labor: induce or suppress feeling in order to sustain an outward countenance that produces the state of mind in others

*Qualitative Research*


*"Finding Out How the Social World Works"*

interpreting questions and careful research is the best

See summary for more

*Quantitative Methods*

Erving Goffman

*"Presentation in Everyday Self"*

People "Goff" at themselves

when we are in the company of others, we judge and try to gain information about them

we gauge socioeconomic status, self concept and attitude

*2 types: the impression the other person give and what he gives off*

Example of symbolic interactionism, micro sociology

*Symbolic Interactionism*

Marx and Engles

*"Manifesto of the Communist Party"* *Conflict Theory*

class struggles are major problems

we find rank in society everywhere

the Bourgeoisie, the middle class and the upper class, oppression

constant revolutions are necessary

C. Wright Mills

*The Power Elite* *Conflict Theory*

Who really governs us?

ordinary men are restricted by the mundane

great changes are beyond their control

Govt. shapes families, churches, they adapt

No one can truly be powerful unless they have connections to a major institution

If the major men were taken away from the media, they would be powerless, poor and uncelebrated

Emile Durkhiem

*The Functions of Crime*

Criminal behavior exists in every society

do not make crime a social illness

Crime is normal

Criminal behavior exists in all societies (it is a normal part of society); Crime is necessary because it is useful and indispensable (crime is functional so we can create norms, laws, and regulate behaviors)