1. Explore the use of So it goes. Is it to be viewed as resignation to the horrors of death? Is it Billy's response? Vonnegut's? Yours?
So it goes is Billy Pilgrims theory regarding death. He is simply saying that death is no big deal. Since he saw so much death in World War II, and witnessed a bombing two times as worse as Hiroshima, he deals with death much differently than others. Because of everything he has gone through, Billy has become numb to death. It has become a regular situation in his life. Billy first uses this saying on page 2, when he is talking about the death of Gerhard Mullers mother. Because Billy often travels to and from Tralfamadore, he has become accustomed to using their theories about life. When a Tralfamadorian sees a corpse, all he thinks is that the dead person is in a bad condition in that particular moment, but that the same person is just fine in plenty of other moments. Now, when I myself hear that somebody is dead, I simply shrug and say what the Tralfamadorians say about dead people, which is So it Goes (27). Billy thinks that there is no complete death, and it has no finality. Humans are often outraged at his theory when they hear Billy talking about it. They cannot comprehend how someone can be so emotionless about death. The most important thing that I learned on Tralfamadore was that when a person dies he only appears to die. He is still very much alive in the past, so it is very silly for people to cry at his funeral. All moments, past, present, and future, always have existed, always will exist (26-27). Billy uses this as a defense mechanism for life. This shows that Billy will always live in a dream world. Billys response is Vonneguts response in Slaughterhouse-Five. But, Vonneguts memories were too painful for him, so he tells his life through Billy Pilgrim. It is viewed as a resignation to the horrors of death because Vonnegut had lived through many tough points in American history; the stock market crash of 1929, the Great Depression, and finally World War II.

7. Explain the significance of all the material on the title page of this novel.

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The title page leads off with the other name Kurt Vonnegut gave Slaughterhouse-Five - The Children's Crusade. This title came from both Mary O'Hare at the beginning of the book and Edgar Derby. Mary became very angry when her husband was talking to Vonnegut because she did not want her children, who were just babies at the time to give up their lives for the war. You'll pretend you were men instead of babies, and youll be played in the movies by Frank Sinatra and John Wayne or some of those other glamorous, war-loving, dirty old men. And war will look just wonderful, so we'll have a lot more of them. And they'll be fought by babies like the babies upstairs (14). Derby used The Children's Crusade towards the middle of the book when he was telling the colonel how young every American was in the war. A duty-dance with death refers to the fact that it was the American soldiers task to fight for their country even if it meant that they were going to die. Vonnegut shows this by retelling his thoughts and experiences of World War II through Billy. Now Vonnegut lives in Cape Cod, and is smoking too much. Since the war is over and he is retired, Vonnegut can now relax and enjoy vacation. He does this often by smoking. An American Infantry Scout Hors de Combat refers to him being a foot soldier in combat during the war. He witnessed the fire-bombing of Dresden, Germany. The fire-bombing of Dresden, Germany was a secret ambush of the United States that had double the casualties of those in Hiroshima, Japan from the atomic bomb. Florence is a cultural city in Rome, and the Elbe is a river in Germany. So by Vonnegut saying, The Florence of the Elbe, he is referring to Dresden as the cultural city of Germany before it got blown into smithereens by the Americans. Vonnegut survived to tell the tale. He was able to survive even after being a prisoner of war (P.O.W.) for a good portion of the war. Slaughterhouse-Five is told somewhat in the telegraphic schizophrenic manner. The Tralfamadorians communicated telepathically. They talked to each other through transference of thought. Vonneguts main character Billy Pilgrim, was schizophrenic. He had multiple personalities throughout the book. On top of this, he became unstuck in time, allowing him to travel back and forth in time to any part of his life. For instance, in one paragraph he would be in the middle of World War II, and a paragraph later, he would be talking to his wife. Tralfamadore is an imaginary planet 446,120,000,000,000,000 miles away from Earth. This is a place very unlike Earth. All of the Tralfamadorians can see in four dimensions, as compared to Earthlings, who can only see in three. Tralfamadore also has many interesting theories about life. Tralfamadorians can look at all the different moments just the way we can look at a stretch of the Rocky Mountains, for instance. They can see how permanent all the moments are, and they can look at any moment that interests them. It is just an illusion we have here on Earth that one moment follows another one, like beads on a string, and that once a moment is gone it is gone forever (27). Since Billy has traveled many times to Tralfamadore, he uses all of their theories in his life.

English Essays