pic | ||September. King moves to |1954|Brown vs. Board of Education: |
|Montgomery, Ala., to preach at ||U.S. Supreme Court bans |
|Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. ||segregation in public schools.|
|pic |
|After coursework at New England|1955|Bus boycott launched in |
|colleges, King finishes his||Montgomery, Ala., after an|
|Ph.D. in systematic theology. ||African-American woman, Rosa |
| ||Parks, is arrested December 1 |
| ||for refusing to give up her|
| ||seat to a white person. |
|pic |
|January 26. King is arrested|1956|December 21. After more than a|
|for driving 30 mph in a 25 mph ||year of boycotting the buses |
|zone. ||and a legal fight, the |
|January 30. King's house ||Montgomery buses desegregate. |
|pic |
|January. Black ministers form |1957|Garfield High School becomes |
|what became known as the ||first Seattle high school with|
|Southern Christian Leadership ||more than 50 percent nonwhite |
|Conference. King is named first||student body.|
|president one month later.||At previously all-white |
|In this typical year of ||Central High in Little Rock, |
|demonstrations, King traveled ||Ark., 1,000 paratroopers are |
|780,000 miles and made 208||called by President Eisenhower|
|speeches.||to restore order and escort|
| ||nine black students.|
|pic |
|King's first book published,|1958||
|"Stride Toward Freedom" |||
|(Harper), his recollections of |||
|the Montgomery bus boycott.|||
|While King is promoting his|||
|book in a Harlem book store, an|||
|African American woman stabs|||
|pic |
|King visits India. He had a|1959||
|lifelong admiration for |||
|Mohandas K. Gandhi, and |||
|credited Gandhi's passive|||
|resistance techniques for his |||
|civil-rights successes. |||
|pic |
|King leaves for Atlanta to|1960|The sit-in protest movement|
|pastor his father's church,||begins in February at a |
|Ebenezer Baptist Church. ||Woolworth's lunch counter in |
| ||Greensboro, N.C. and spreads |
| ||across the nation.|
|pic |
| |1961|Freedom rides begin from|
| ||Washington, D.C: Groups of|
| ||black and white people ride|
| ||buses through the South to|
| ||challenge segregation. |
| ||King makes his only visit to |
| ||Seattle. He visits numerous|
| ||places, including two morning |
| ||assemblies at Garfield High|
| ||School.|
|pic |
|King meets with President John |1962|Blacks become the majority at |
|F. Kennedy to urge support for ||Garfield High, 51 percent of |
|civil rights.||the student population - a|
| ||first for Seattle. The school |
| ||district average is 5.3 |
| ||percent.|
| ||Two killed, many injured in|
| ||riots as James Meredith is|
| ||enrolled as the first black at|
| ||the University of Mississippi.|
|pic |
|King leads protests in|1963|Police arrest King and other |
|Birmingham for desegregated||ministers demonstrating in|
|department store facilities,||Birmingham, Ala., then turn|
|and fair hiring.||fire hoses and police dogs on |
|April. Arrested after||the marchers.|
|demonstrating in defiance of a ||Medgar Evers, NAACP leader, is|
|court order, King writes ||murdered June 12 as he enters |
|"Letter From Birmingham Jail." ||his home in Jackson, Miss.|
|This eloquent letter, later||About 1,300 people march from |
|widely circulated, became a||the Central Area to downtown |
|classic of the civil-rights||Seattle, demanding greater job|
|movement.||opportunities for blacks in|
|August 28. 250,000 civil-rights||department stores. The Bon|
|supporters attended the March ||Marche promises 30 new jobs|
|on Washington. At the Lincoln ||for blacks. |
|Memorial, King delivers the||About 400 people rally at|
|famous "I have a dream" speech.||Seattle City Hall to protest |
|250,000 people attend the March||delays in passing an|
|on Washington, D.C. urging||open-housing law. In response,|
|support for pending||the city forms a 12-member|
|civil-rights legislation. The ||Human Rights Commission but|
|event was highlighted by King's||only two blacks are included, |
|"I have a dream" speech. ||prompting a sit-in at City|
|The Seattle School District||Hall and Seattle's first|
|implements a voluntary racial ||civil-rights arrests.|
|transfer program, mainly aimed ||Four girls killed Sept. 15 in |
|at busing black students to||bombing of the Sixteenth|
|mostly white schools.||Street Baptist Church in|
| ||Birmingham, Ala. |
|pic |
|King's book "Why We Can't Wait"|1964|Seattle City Council agrees to|
|published.||put together an open-housing |
|King visits with West Berlin||ordinance but insists on|
|Mayor Willy Brant and Pope Paul||putting it on the ballot.|
|VI.||Voters defeat it by a 2-to-1 |
|December 10. King wins Nobel||ratio. It will be four more|
|Peace Prize. Out of 955 people ||years before an open-housing |
|employed by the Seattle Fire||ordinance becomes law. |
|Department, just two were||Three civil-rights workers are|
|African American, and only one ||murdered in Mississippi.|
|was Asian < 0.2 and 0.1 percent||July 2 - President Johnson|
|of the force, respectively. By ||signs the Civil Rights Act of |
|the end of 1993, the department||1964. |
|was 12.2 percent African |||
|American and 5.6 percent Asian.|||
|pic |
|January 18. King successfully |1965|Malcolm X is murdered Feb. 21,|
|registers to vote at the Hotel ||1965. Three men are convicted |
|Albert in Selma, Ala. and is||of his murder.|
|assaulted by James George||August 6. President Johnson|
|Robinson of Birmingham. ||signs the Voting Rights Act of|
|February. King continues to||1965. The act, which King|
|protest discrimination in voter||sought, authorized federal|
|registration, is arrested and ||examiners to register|
|jailed. Meets with President||qualified voters and suspended|
|Lyndon B. Johnson Feb. 9 and||devices such as literacy tests|
|other American leaders about||that aimed to prevent African |
|voting rights for African||Americans from voting. |
|Americans.||August 11-16: Watts riots|
|March 16-21. King and 3,200||leave 34 dead in Los Angeles. |
|people march from Selma to|||
|Montgomery. |||
|pic |
| |1967|Sam Smith elected Seattle's|
| ||first black city councilman. |
|pic |
|April 4. King is assassinated |1968|Aaron Dixon becomes first|
|in Memphis, Tenn., by James||leader of Black Panther Party |
|Earl Ray. The Rev. Martin||branch in Seattle.|
|Luther King Jr. is assassinated||In response to King's death, |
|in Memphis, Tenn., unleashing ||Seattle residents hurled|
|violence in more than 100||firebombs, broke windows, and |
|cities.||pelted motorists with rocks. |
|Rally at Garfield High in||Ten thousand people also|
|support of Dixon, Larry ||marched to Seattle Center for |
|Gossett, and Carl Miller,||a rally in his memory. |
|sentenced to six months in the |||
|King County Jail for unlawful |||
|assembly in an earlier|||
|demonstration. Before the|||
|speakers were finished, |||
|firebombs and rocks were flying|||
|toward cars coming down 23rd|||
|Avenue. Sporadic riots in|||
|Seattle's Central Area during |||
|the summer. |||
|pic |
| |1969|Edwin Pratt, executive |
| ||director of the Seattle Urban |
| ||League and a moderate and|
| ||respected African American|
| ||leader, is shot to death while|
| ||standing in the doorway of his|
| ||home. The murder has never|
| ||been solved.|
|pic |
| |1977|Seattle School Board adopts a |
| ||plan designed to eliminate|
| ||racial imbalance in schools by|
| ||fall 1979. |
|pic |
|In a blow to efforts to |1978|Seattle becomes the largest|
|diversify university||city in the United States to |
|enrollment, the U.S. Supreme||desegregate its schools |
|Court outlaws racial quotas in ||without a court order; nearly |
|a suit brought by Allan Bakke, ||one-quarter of the school|
|a white man who had been turned||district's students are bused |
|down by the medical school at ||as part of the "Seattle Plan."|
|University of California,||Two months later, voters pass |
|Davis. ||an anti-busing initiative. It |
| ||is later ruled|
| ||unconstitutional. |
|pic |
|January 20 is the first |1986||
|national celebration of King's |||
|birthday as a holiday.|||
|pic |
| |1989|Douglas Wilder of Virginia|
| ||becomes the nation's first|
| ||African American to be elected|
| ||state governor.|
|pic |
| |1992|The first racially based riots|
| ||in years erupt in Los Angeles |
| ||and other cities after a jury |
| ||acquits L.A. police officers |
| ||in the videotaped beating of |
| ||Rodney King, an African |
| ||American.|

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