Donnalea P. Nablea AB=II Date :March 20, 2013 Subject: Philippine Government and Constitution Introduction: * Background of Citizenship= Citizenship is one of the article of the Philippine Constitution or the Fourth (4) Article. It says here that the citizenship can be loss, re-acquire, or naturalized depend on the decision of a citizen. The citizenship is a law that shows, it should be followed legally. * Background of Suffrage= Suffrage means the right to vote.
Article Six (6) of the Philippine Constitution is a law that shows the process of exercising the suffrage in the Philippines. Exercised by the people who are at least 18 years old above, and registered in the COMELEC. Content: Citizenship * Section 1= simplify that the true citizens in the Philippines that in citizenship it is adopting the Philippine Constitution, both parents are citizens also in the Philippines, and naturalized, meaning there are already a decision in the court as acquiring the Citizenship. Section 2= those who are natural born in the Philippines specifically saying both parents are pure Filipinos so that there is no need of performing to act or acquire citizenship. * Section 3= that citizenship can be loss or re-acquired again by the time you want to. Depending on the manner provided by the law. * Section 4= if a pure Filipino married an alien he/she can retain or can keep his/her citizenship, unless by the time he/she wants to change it. They are deemed or judge, under the law to prenounced it. Section 5= dual citizenship is unfavorable, cause it might threat the place especially in the government, when public safety recquired, it shall be dealt by the law Suffrage * Section 1= suffrage or voting should be done by the Filipino Citizen who are legally registered in the COMELEC and in his legal age (18) eighteen years old above and shall live in the Philippines for atleast one year and in the place wherein they proposed to vote for atleast six months.
There should be no money involved or exercised during the candidacy and in during the votation. * Section 2= the congress should maintain the security for securing the clean votation as well as the system for absentee voting Filipino who are qualified to vote which is in abroad. To those who are also disabled physically and illiterate or not educated well the congress should provide them a procedure to help them vote easily without any help or assistance by others. Issues:
Citizenship: (Philippine Citizenship Issues and Land Ownership) * Under the law of the Philippines, former Filipinos or those who are natural-born Filipinos but lost their citizenships are still entitled to own real estate properties in the Philippines subject to a few limitations. If you are a former Filipino, the following will be helpful guide: 1. Land must be used for residential or business purposes only. 2. Land acquisition may be through sale, donation, tax sale, foreclosure, or execution sale. 3. If the land is for residential purpose, a maximum of 1,000 sq. eters of urban land or 1 hectare of rural land is allowed. 4. If the land is for business purpose, a maximum of 5,000 sq. meters or urban land three (3) hectares of rural land is allowed. 5. A maximum of two (2) lots not exceeding the maximum limit in total combined area is allowed. Lots must be located in different cities or municipalities. 6. Either rural or urban lots but not born can be acquired. 7. Either one or both spouses may avail of this privilege, but the above limits must be deserved. * Holders of the Dual Citizenship are allowed full rights of possessions of real estate in the Philippines.
Suffrage: ( Detainees right to vote ) * In the Philippines, detainees fail to exercise this right due to legal and administrative limitations and their peculiar situation in terms of residence. * Detainees who are not convicted of any crime (punished by the Revised Penal Code penal laws or regulations) are still presumed innocent of their accusations and retain their right of suffrage, according to the TWG rules and regulations on detainees special registration. * Residence of permanent home is very crucial concept in the pursuit to xercise detainees right to vote. Residence determines the place where the detainee registers and votes. If a detainee will be transferred to the new detention facility. On election day a detainee will be eligible to vote in the city or municipality where his or her registration facility is located provided he or she has stayed for atleast six months. * Detainees faces issues on access to registration polling places and information because they are displaced from their residence measures to enable them to vote must be done according to the law to present future legal challenges.
Significance: * Citizenship = Article IV Citizenship acquires the legal process of having the citizenship so that there would be no problem in any aspects of having the citizenships to those who are acquiring it or re-acquiring it. * Suffrage = it exercised our rights to choose whom we want to sit on the position that could help us. It exercise also us to be independent and to realized that we are the one who is making our own path or decision in society through voting. Essay of Philippine Government: Looking back to the previous government system in different periods in Philippine history, we can see that our present government system is somehow shaped and patterned from the previous system that prevailed in our country. Pre-historically we have seen how they established their government and basically, we can say that it is far more primitive than the present system that we have. However, the basic principles like the consultation of the datus to the elders can somehow be seen in the present by the presence of political advisers where our president consults aside from the members of senate and the congress.
The barangay system that existed before still exist now as the smallest governmental unit in the society. The taxation system that evolved through time is still being practiced up to the present government. The three basic task of the executive, legislative and judiciary can also seen in the Spanish political system however there is separation of powers nowadays unlike before that all the power is bestowed to one-Government General.
Numerous years of colonization experienced by the Philippines made it hungry for freedom which I believe contributed to the desire of the people to live in democracy and be a Democratic country. Then the first Republic of the Philippines emerged in as the Malolos constitution was made. Then there was the commonwealth and the Puppet government and the presence of those previous foreign governments somehow contributed by the ties that we now build with other countries.
Until now we are continuing the ties that connect to the other countries, the thread that ties to them is actually helping us to developed more and more especially in economy. But except the ties that connect us to them, how does the Philippine Government evolved on its own feet? Philippine Government evolved through its lessons that we learn from the past colonization we learned how to stand independently to make our own constitution, to practice the suffrage, to be independent by the decision of the countries and learned also how to be more competitive.
But we cannot deny that in every existing of the Philippine Government there are also existing rat people who are manipulating the constitution, corrupting the money and other things that making the government more complicated in existing to the better. Our government now is almost likely to a turtle yet still yet so far to finished the finish line. Just in our society there is a great chance to change more better but while rat people are still in their position in the government there would be no suddenly change will happen.