All managers need to build good working relationships with the people who can help them do their Jobs. The number and breadth of people Involved can be impressive-? such operational networks Include not only direct reports and superiors but also peers within an operational unit, other Internal players with the power to block or support a project, and key outsiders such as suppliers, distributors, and customers.
The purpose of this type of networking Is to ensure coordination and cooperation mongo people who have to know and trust one another in order to accomplish their immediate tasks. That isn't always easy, but it is relatively straightforward, because the task provides focus and a clear criterion for membership in the network: Either you're necessary to the job and helping to get it done, or you're not. Although operational networking was the form that came most naturally to the managers we studied, nearly every one had important blind spots regarding people and groups they depended on to make things happen.
In one case, Alistair, an accounting manager who worked in an entrepreneurial firm with several hundred employees, was suddenly promoted by the company's founder to financial director and given a seat on the board. He was both the youngest and the least-experienced board member, and his Instinctive response to these new responsibilities was to reestablish his functional credentials. Acting on a hint from the founder that the company might go public, Alistair undertook a reorganization of the accounting department that would enable the books to withstand close scrutiny.
Alistair succeeded brilliantly in upgrading his team's capabilities, but he missed the fact that only a minority of the seven-person board shared the founder's ambition. A year into Alistair tenure, discussion about whether to take the company public polarize the board, and he discovered that all that time cleaning up the books might have been better spent sounding out his coeditors. One of the problems with an exclusive reliance on operational networks Is that they are usually geared toward meeting objectives as assigned, not toward asking the tragic question, "What should we be doing? By the same token, managers do not exercise as much personal choice in assembling operational relationships as they do in weaving personal and strategic networks, because to a large extent the right relationships are prescribed by the job and organizational structure. Thus, most operational networking occurs within an organization, and ties are determined in large part by routine, short-term demands. Relationships formed with outsiders, such as board members, customers, and regulators, are directly task-related and tend to e bounded and constrained by demands determined at a higher level.