There are five main management functions in a company. The first function of management is planning. In this case, management of the company forecasts the departmental needs by reviewing the different records of the company. Additionally, the management of the company foresees how the different resources of the company are going to be shared. Lastly, they must ensure that all the plans made are in alignment with the missions and goals of the company. The second function is organizing. It is the work of management to allocate all the duties to the staff members of the company.

The third function of management is controlling. In this function, the management of the company has supervisory roles of all the duties done by the staff members of the company. The fourth function of management is directing. This is where the management of the company acts as leaders to the staff members. In this case, management of the company tends to inform the employees what to do thus, directing them. The last function of management is staffing. In this situation, the management of the company has the power to hire and fire employees. In addition, the management is answerable for all the needs of the staff members.

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Safety incetives are the benefits offered by the company for the purposes of ensuring that the employees work in a safe environment. An advantage of safety incentives is that they boost the morale of the employees. In this case, the employees tend to put more effort on their work. The other advantage of safety incentives is that they create a safe environment for the employees of the company. Lastly, they improve the rate of job satisfaction by the employees.

On the other hand, there are disadvantages of safety incentives in a company. The main disadvantage of safety incentive is cost. Safety incentives cost a lot of money for the company. This means that they can lead to lose for the company instead of profits. The other main disadvantage of the safety incentives is that they do not offer the required protection to employees. Therefore, incase of an accident, it cannot be clearly known where they lay.

The three essential motives of McClelland's need achievement theory are achievement as the first one. In this case, employees of the company need to accomplish certain tasks or activities in a company. The second motive is affiliation. This is where people seek company or need to associate with others in a company. In this case, people need one anothher in order to survive the situation. The third motive is power. This is where people want to have control over the others in a company.

In an office, there are several hazards leading to injuries. The first hazard and the most common are a fire hazard. Fires can start at any time and anywhere in the office. Electrical hazard is the next hazard. In almost all the offices, there is an electrical applies that posses a serious risk like shock. Another common hazard in an office is slippery floors. In case of wet floors, people may fall and sustain injuries. Lastly, back injury is another hazard. It occurs mainly due to fatigue and heavy lifting of equipments.

There are steps to ensure that these hazards do not occur. The first step is making a list of all the hazards like the ones above. The second step is to watch out for all hazards. The third step is preparing information on how to prevent the hazard. For example, switch off all the lights that are not in use, create fire exits and introduce fire extinguishers, clean all the floors by ensuring that they are dry and lastly, ensure that the employees have no fatigue. The last step is to inspect the hazards. In these steps, the time of controlling each hazard should be done regularly.