Lippman's view on Public Opinion
Does not consider public opinion an expression of the people or any such nonsense. It's goal, rather, is to explain how public opinion is manufactured.
Lippman's view on journalism
A journalist's version of the truth is subjective and limited to how he constructs his reality. The news, therefore, is "imperfectly recorded" and too fragile to bear the changes as "an organ of direct democracy"
Function of news according to Lippmann
1. to signalize an event
2. to bring to light the hidden facts
3. to set them in relation with each other
4. make picture of reality on which men can act
What was Lippmann suspicious to in regards to models of democracy?
Lippmann was very suspicious of any model of democracy that placed faith and power in the hands of the public.
According to Lippmann, what shaped public opinion?
1. Leaders
2. The effects of political propaganda and mass media to shape people's way of thinking
According to Lippmann, citizens ideas are manipulated how?
Citizen's ideas are merely stereotypes formed by people at the top of the food chain.
According to Lippmann what is the most feasible alternative?
a government where leaders are guided by experts whose objectives and disinterested knowledge go beyond the narrow views and the parochial self-interest of the average
Lippmann's view on Participatory Democracy
unworkable and that the democratic public was a myth. Hence governance should be delegated exclusively to political representatives and their expert advisors.
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