During his electoral battle tour in the southern states, President John F. Kennedy visitedDallas on November 22, 1963. On his arrival at 11:40, he was warmly welcomed by the people ofDallas. Kennedy, Governor John Connally and their wives sat down in the limousine of thePresident which led the motorcade through the town. When the motorcade arrived in DealeyPlaza at 12:30 , it turned right from Main to Houston Street and just seconds later it took the turnonto Elm Street passing the Schoolbook Depository Building. Just when the limousine passed theStemmons Freeway sign, Mrs. Connally heard gunshots. When she turned, looking at thePresident, she saw him taking his hand to his throat covering a gunshot wound. The next second,Governor Connally felt an ache in his back which he realized was a shot.The reaction of the Secret Service Agents was quite slow. Most of them had spent theevening before in "The Cellar" a bar that was owned by an acquaintance of Jack Ruby. 45minutes later, Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested on charge of murdering police officer J.D. Tippit.After hours of interrogation where he had no lawyer and standard police procedure was violated,Oswald was accused of murdering President John F. Kennedy. On November 24, 1963, a Sundaymorning, the police attempted to hand him over to the State Prison. In the garage of the policebuilding, he was shot by Jack Ruby in front of hundreds of journalists and millions of TVwatchers.The assassination took place in Dealy plaza where the Texas school book depository is.According to the Warren commission, President Kennedy was murdered by Lee Harvey Oswald,a lone gunman who fired out of the 6th floor window of the book depository. There are manydifferent theories and possible conspiracies surrounding the assassination. Some say the PresidentKennedy was killed by a single magic bullet. When one looks at the path the magic bulletsupposedly took through President Kennedy and into Governor Connolly, It seems impossible.Throughout the paper we will try to prove and disprove the possibility of a conspiracy.President Kennedy was born in Brookline, Mass., on May 29, 1917, a descendant of IrishCatholics who had immigrated to America in the 19th century. His father, Joseph P. Kennedy,was a combative businessman who became a multimillionaire, head of the Securities andExchange Commission, and ambassador to Great Britain. He and his wife, Rose FitzgeraldKennedy, had the highest ambitions for their nine children, of whom John was the second son.In 1946, Kennedy ran successfully for a Boston-based seat in the U.S. House ofRepresentatives; he was re-elected in 1948 and 1950. As a congressman he backed sociallegislation that benefited his working-class voters. Kennedy hoped for a strong, anti-Communistforeign policy throughout his career. Restless in the House, Kennedy challenged incumbentrepublican senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., in 1952. Although the Republican presidentialcandidate, Dwight D. Eisenhower won in Massachusetts as well as the country as a whole,Kennedy showed his remarkable vote-getting appeal by defeating Lodge.A year later, on Sept. 12, 1953, Kennedy married Jacqueline Bouvier. The couple hadthree children: Caroline Bouvier (Nov. 27, 1957), John Fitzgerald, Jr. (Nov. 25, 1960), and asecond son who died in infancy in August 1963. Kennedy was a relatively ineffectual senator. In1956, Kennedy bid unsuccessfully for the Democratic vice-presidential nomination. Thereafter,he set his sights on the presidency, especially after his reelection to the Senate in 1958. Hecontinued during these years to support a firmly anti-Communist foreign policy.By 1960, Kennedy was but one of many democratic aspirants for the party's presidentialnomination. He put together a well-financed, highly organized campaign, and won on the firstballot. As a northerner and a Roman Catholic, he recognized his lack of strength in the South andshrewdly chose Sen. Lyndon Baines Johnson of Texas as his running mate. Kennedy alsoperformed well in a series of unprecedented television debates with his Republican opponent,Vice-president Richard M. Nixon. Kennedy promised tougher defense policies and progressivehealth, housing, and civil rights programs. His New Frontier, he pledged, would bring the nationout of its economic slump.Kennedy won the election, but by a narrow margin. He lacked reliable majorities incongress. When advocates of racial justice picked up strength in 1962-63, he moved belatedly topromote civil rights legislation. He also sought a tax cut to stimulate the economy. At the time ofhis assassination, however, these and other programs such as federal aid to education andMedicare remained tied up in Congress. It was left to his successor, President Johnson, to pushthis legislation through the more compliant congresses of 1964 and 1965.Kennedy's inaugural address--in which he told the nation: Ask not what your country cando for you--ask what you can do for your country"-sounded cold war themes. Soon thereafter,the president acted on his anti-Communism feelings by lending American military assistance to theBay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba in April 1961. The amphibious assault had been planned by theCentral Intelligence Agency under the Eisenhower administration. The actual invasion wasKennedy's decision, however, he took the blame for its total failure.In Dallas the rain had stopped, and by midmorning a gloomy overcast sky had given wayto the bright sunshine that greeted the Presidential party when Air Force One touched down atLove Field at 11:40 a.m., c.s.t. Governor and Mrs. Connally and Senator Ralph W. Yarboroughhad come with the President from Fort Worth. Vice President Johnson's airplane, Air Force Two,had arrived at Love Field at approximately 11:35 a.m., and the Vice President and Mrs. Johnsonwere in the receiving line to greet President and Mrs. Kennedy. Approximately 10 minutes afterthe arrival at Love Field, the President and Mrs. Kennedy went to the Presidential automobile tobegin the motorcade.President Kennedy's visit to Texas in November 1963 had been under consideration foralmost a year before it occurred. He had made only a few brief visits to the State since the 1960Presidential campaign and in 1962 he began to consider a formal visit. During 1963, the reasonsfor making the trip became more persuasive. As a political leader, the President wished to resolvethe factional controversy within the Democratic Party in Texas before the election of 1964.Everyone agreed that, if there was sufficient time, a motorcade through downtown Dallaswould be the best way for the people to see their President. When the trip was planned for only 1day, Governor Connally had opposed the motorcade because there was not enough time. TheGovernor stated, however, that "once we got San Antonio moved from Friday to Thursdayafternoon, where that was his initial stop in Texas, then we had the time, and I withdrew myobjections to a motorcade." According to O'Donnell, "we had a motorcade wherever we went,"particularly in large cities where the purpose was to let the President be seen by as many people aspossible. In his experience, "it would be automatic" for the Secret Service to arrange a routewhich would, within the time allotted, bring the President "through an area which exposes him tothe greatest number of people."During the course of its massive investigation, the Warren Commission took testimonyfrom 552 witnesses to the assassination and related events, used more than 2,300 investigativereports from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and incorporated 800 reports from the SecretService into its findings. The Commission also reviewed the actions of several federal agenciesregarding their participation in matters relating to the investigation.The Warren commission was set up by former Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson todetermine the murderer, and motivation behind the Kennedy assassination. It consisted of 7members that was headed by chief justice Earl Warren. The report is comprised of testimony ofover 550 witnesses taken over several months. The Warren Commission found that Lee HarveyOswald, Marxist, acted alone in assassination President Kennedy. It said that the assassinationwas not a conspiracy, and that no other people were involved. This is the findings of the U.S.government, why would the government lie to the people who pay for it to run? There is noreason to do so.The Warren commission took testimony from 552 witnesses, the majority of whichproved, beyond a reasonable doubt that Lee Harvey Oswald was the one and only gunman whofired at, and killed President Kennedy. Oswald was known to own the gun that killed PresidentKennedy. There are pictures of Oswald holding the gun previous to the assassination.A handmade bag of wrapping paper and tape was found in the southeast corner of thesixth floor alongside the window from which the shots were fired. It was not a standard type bagwhich could be obtained in a store and it was presumably made for a particular purpose. It wasthe appropriate size to contain, in disassembled form, Oswald's Mannlicher-Carcano rifle whichwas also found on the sixth floor. Three cartons had been placed at the window apparently to actas a gun rest and a fourth carton was placed behind those at the window. A person seated on thefourth carton could assemble the rifle without being seen from the rest of the sixth floor becausethe cartons stacked around the southeast corner would shield him. The presence of the bag in thiscorner is tangible evidence that it was used as the container for the rifle.An eye-witness, Mr. Brennan testified that Lee Harvey Oswald, whom he viewed in apolice lineup on the night of the assassination, was the man he saw fire the shots from thesixth-floor window of the Depository Building. When the shots were fired, Brennan was in anexcellent position to observe anyone in the window. He was sitting on a concrete wall on thesouthwest corner of Elm and Houston Streets, looking north at the Depository Building whichwas directly in front of him. In the 6- to 8-minute period before the motorcade arrived, Brennansaw a man leave and return to the window several times. After hearing the first shot, which hethought was a motorcycle backfire, Brennan glanced up at the window. He testified that "this manI saw previously was aiming for his last shot ... as it appeared to me he was standing up andresting against the left window sill ...Brennan saw the man fire the last shot and disappear fromthe window.When one looks at the assassination and the path of the single magic bulled that theWarren Commission said killed President Kennedy took, it seems impossible. One single bulletwas said to have entered Kennedys back, proceed through him and into Governor Wallace. Theangle that the bullet had to be shot in order to go through both could not be achieved from thesixth floor window of the book depository. There were multiple shots fired and only onesupposedly hit President Kennedy. It seems impossible even for a sharpshooter to fire off multiplerounds in succession at a target so far away and at such terrible angle.Here are a few questions that the government should answer so the public can know thetruth about the J.F.K. assassination.1. Why were over 58 eye-witnesses to the assassination ignored bythe Warren Commission when they said they felt shots had NOT comefrom the Book Depository?2. Why were MULTIPLE rifles found at the Book Depository and thenall but one made to 'disappear'?3. What are the known (often frightening and bizarre) details ofthe over 200 persons who were murdered or died VERY suspiciously(and conveniently) after 11/22/63 because they had seen the'wrong' things, tried to speak up, etc.? Why did they die in"clusters" when investigations were ongoing - sometimes justhours before they were to be questioned?4. Why was Nixon one of the few Americans who could not correctlyremember where he was when the assassination occurred? Why mayhe have 'forgotten' he was on a plane out of Dallas? Why could J.E. Hoover also not 'remember'he was in Dallas for a meeting just days before the assassination? Why did heshow NO surprise at the announcement of JFK's death?5. Why did Ruby suddenly contract cancer and die just before hisnew trial was to begin?I feel that these questions should be asked to congress and that the real truth should berevealed to the public about the conspiracy behind President Kennedys death. As mentionedearlier the President had strong anti communist feelings, after the assassination plans to removetroops from Vietnam and reversed. Instead of removing troops, more troops were sent to one ofthe most horrible, bloody wars America has seen. President Kennedy may have been killedbecause of this.An investigator from the House of Representatives on the assassination review board saidThere is no doubt now that there was a conspiracy, yet most of us are not very angry about it.The conspiracy to kill the president of the United States was also a conspiracy against thedemocratic system --and thus a conspiracy against you. I think you should get very angry aboutthat." This proves that even the government realizes that there was a conspiracy and that they arejust covering it up. When one looks at a film taken by a Dallas man by the name of Zapruder onecan clearly see that Kennedys head jerked back after a shot was fired. If Kennedy was shot frombehind by Oswald at the book depository his head would jerk forward. Logically one couldassume that a shot must have been fired from the front of the motorcade.There were also multiple sightings of a man with an umbrella before and during theassassination. Just before the assassination the man opened and closed the umbrella repeatedly.this could very easily have been a signal to shooters to fire at Kennedy. There was no need for anumbrella during the motorcade, it was a bright and sunny afternoon perfect for a parade, and aconspiracy. The umbrella man was never found by the government, or so they say.
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