Information Systems Proposal BIS/220 December 10, 2011 Information Systems Proposal This paper will propose several types of information systems that would work well for a small business that is being considered by a partner that has limited experience with information systems or technology. Types of information systems will be examined and their benefits and drawbacks. Additionally, the different types and the applications available to small business will be determined.
The main types of business information that will be discussed in this paper are the Transaction Processing Systems (TPS), Management Information Systems (MIS), Decisions Support (DSS), and Expert Systems. Business information management has changed substantially and has evolved to allow small business owners to control daily operational task with personal computer equipment with a variety of software, designed for persons with limited knowledge of business information systems.
Business information systems have evolved to enable businesses to use business information software that can be purchase off the shelf, eliminating, and expensive custom designed software. These systems lower IT cost and overhead while increasing profits. Several business information systems are available to choose from and can be designed to meet a business’s specific needs. Transaction Processing Systems (TPS) are a basic need for a small business to conduct daily operations.
The point of sale (POS) is one such system that can be designed make transactions efficient by collecting and storing sales transactions, generating purchase orders, and providing tracking numbers for individual sales. Data can transfer and used with accounting and inventory control software programs. These systems will follow the transaction from stat point through the completed process and has the capability to capture records and data.
Management Information Systems (MIS) capture the data and generate reports such as performance of an employee or the popularity of a product or service. Management Information Systems store customer information that can be used for marketing, promotions, and can be a means of providing feedback on trends, allowing the business to give the customer a service its deems important. (management-hub. com) A Decision Support System (DSS) is a computer-based information system that supports business or organizational decision-making activities.
DSSs serve the management, operations, and planning levels of an organization and help to make decisions, which may be rapidly changing and not easily specified in advance (computerhistory. org) An Expert System is a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert. Expert systems are designed to solve complex problems by reasoning about knowledge, like an expert, and not by following the procedure of a developer as is the case in conventional programming.
It will reduce error and inconsistency (cpas. mtu. edu) References http://cpas. mtu. edu/cencitt/oppt/tsld108. htm http://archive. computerhistory. org/resources/text http://www. management-hub. com/information-management-advantages. html Template created by: Nelson L. Eby – Graduate student of Computer Fraud Investigation Columbian School of Arts and Sciences The George Washington University [email protected] com In collaboration with Dr. Douglas Degelman, Professor of Psychology, Vanguard University of Southern California