Henry Fayol's Principal of management
Fayol was a key figure in the turn-of-the-century Classical School of management theory. He saw a manager's job as:
4. Coordinating activities
5. Controlling performance
Most of his theory is very task-oriented, rather than people-oriented.
Fayol laid down the following principles of organization (he called them principles of management):
· Specialization of labor: Specializing encourages continuous improvement in skills and the development of improvements in methods.
· Authority. The right to give orders and the power to exact obedience.
· Unity of direction: A single mind generates a single plan and all play their part in that plan.
· Subordination of Individual Interests: When at work, only work things should be pursued or thought about.
· Centralization: Consolidation of management functions. Decisions are made from the top.
· Scalar Chain (line of authority): Formal chain of command running from top to bottom of the organization eg like military
· Order: All materials and personnel have a prescribed place, and they must remain there.
· Personnel Tenure: Limited turnover of personnel. Lifetime employment for good workers.
Word Count: 186