The Fall of the House of Usher
Edgar Allan Poe, Roderick Usher, Unnamed narrator, twin sister Madeline, sister entombed alive, comes back and kills Roderick
William Wilson
Edgar Allan Poe, (Will I Am) William stabs William Wilson, actually stabs himself, double, twin, the self, gothic He
Edgar Allan Poe, Egaeus and his cousin Berenice, intensely focused man, becomes fixated on Berenice's teeth, Berenice buried alive, Egaeus rips out her teeth
Edgar Allan Poe, narrator and wife Ligeia, wife dies, narrator marries Lady Rowena, Lady Rowena grows ill and dies, transformed into Ligeia
The Black Cat
Edgar Allan Poe, narrator blinds cat in fit of rage, hangs it, home catches on fire, imprint of cat on wall, finds cat with white patch on chest, tries to kill cat but wife interfers, kills wife, hides her in basement, cat gives him away to the police, "I had walled the monster up within the tomb!"
Pomegranate Seed
Edith Wharton, Persephone and Demeter
Mr. Jones
Edith Wharton, Lady Jane Lynke and the house of Bells, Mr. Jones presence (ethereal), Mrs. Clemm is strangled to death
Edith Wharton, narrators friend Lanrivain suggests he buy the house at Kerfol, finds a few dogs, Yves de Cornault (old owner of Kerfol) and wife Anne de Barrigan, "affair" with Herve de Lanrivain
The Other Two
Edith Wharton, Mr. Waythorn and Alice Waythorn, Alice's daughter Lily becomes ill causing them to cut short their honeymoon, Varick and Haskett are Alice's ex-husbands, she has a strange hold on them
Edith Wharton, Mary and missing husband Ned, bought Lyng home looking for something haunted, Elwell (Blue Star Mine where Ned made his money)
The Triumph of Night
Edith Wharton, George Faxon trapped in a snowstorm while on way to a new job, Frank Rainer (nephew to Lavington) helps Faxon, Faxon begins a mental decline and sees ghost image of Lavington staring hatefully at Rainer, Rainer dies
Turn of the Screw
Henry James, Douglas reads a story to the narrator of a governess, Miles, Flora, and Mrs. Grose. Ghosts are Miss Jessel and Peter Quint
comically or repulsively ugly or distorted, Latin root as "grotto", which originated from Greek krypte "hidden place", meaning a small cave or hollow
strange or mysterious, esp. in an unsettling way, German: Das Unheimliche, "the opposite of what is familiar"
he pronoun
Gothic he, person is not clarified (gothic pronoun)
from the Latin verb, incubo, incubare, or "to lie upon", demon in male form who lies upon sleepers, especially women, in order to have sexual intercourse with them
unconscious feminine psychological qualities that a male possesses (anima) or the masculine ones possessed by the female (animus)
person who seizes and holds (the power or rights of another, for example) by force or without legal authority
overwhelm (someone) with a strong emotion
an event causing great and often sudden damage or suffering; a disaster, from katastrephein to overturn
paranormal double of a living person
red room
Berenice where the narrator's mother dies, blood
being so extreme that it has an amusing and perversely sophisticated appeal, amusing because it is obviously intended to be strange or shocking and seems to be ridiculing itself:
imitative work created to mock, comment on or trivialize an original work, its subject, author, style, or some other target, by means of satiric or ironic imitation
a person's facial features or expression, esp. when regarded as indicative of character or ethnic origin.
state of being to condemn strongly as unworthy, unacceptable, or evil
from the Greek ανά (ana: up, against, back, re-) and χρόνος (chronos: time), is a chronological inconsistency in some arrangement
ability to feel, perceive, or to experience subjectivity
first-person narrative
fallacy and occupying their minds
roomy and comfortable, convenient
legal doctrine whereby, upon marriage, a woman's legal rights and obligations were subsumed by those of her husband
story bares name of character
: a strange or horrible imaginary creature, something that is extremely or unusually large
visually attractive, esp. in a quaint or pretty style.
of such excellence, grandeur, or beauty as to inspire great admiration or awe, elevate to a high degree of moral or spiritual purity or excellence
Governess and Miles, Manfred and Isabella
the presentation of an image on a surface, esp. a movie screen.
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
Idiom (joking idioms)
combination of words that has a figurative meaning owing to its common usage
neurological phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway
Cliff hangers
Turn of the Screw
form of partial insanity conceived as single pathological preoccupation in an otherwise sound mind (Berenice)
form of magic involving communication with the deceased - either by summoning their spirit as an apparition or raising them bodily
Mise enavyme
sense of looking into the abyss, reflected repeatedly
intimate you
something that's inbetween; along the borders
literary, dramatic or musical work intended to cause laughter by caricaturing the manner or spirit of serious works, or by ludicrous treatment of their subjects.
Clap of Thunder
heaven/gods saying no!
something told
Northanger Abbey
(Jane Austen) Catherine Morland (pursued by John Thorpe) and Henry Tilney (Catherine's actual interest), Isabella Thorpe (John's sister), James and Isabella become engaged (she flirts with Henry's older brother) Henry marries Catherine though she's poor
The Castle of Otranto
(Horace Walpole) Manfred and Hippolita, wants to marry Isabella, Theodore save her, son of the friar Jerome. Matilda (Manfred's daughter). Theodore badly wounds Isabella's father, Frederic. Frederic and Manfred agree to marry each others daughters. Manfred stabs Matilda, thinking she's Isabella.
"unheimlich" = unhomelike, strange and personal, familiar and hidden
Yellow Wallpaper
(Charlotte Perkins Gilman), narrator and her husband John, woman double in the wall
Jolly Corner
(Henry James), Spencer Brydon and Alice Staverton, double representing who he could have been if he'd been a businessman
expands and awakens the soul and faculties
contracts, freezes, and nearly annihilates the soul and the faculties, when evil is in the story
terror, not horror
the activity of changing something (art or education or society or morality etc.) so it is no longer under the control or influence of religion, makes belief optional
Female Sensitive Theory
women are more ethereal than men in a physical sense and a spiritual one
Male Sensitive
Spencer Brydon (Jolly Corner), becomes the one experiencing the ghosts, making contact with them
The Yellow Wallpaper
Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Jane and John, "temporary nervous depression - a slight hysterical tendency," psychosis, unreliable narrator
Jolly Corner
Henry James, Spencer Brydon, Alice Staverton, unsure if he made the right decisions in life, died and awoke in afterlife or awakes from being unconscious
The Oval Portrait
Edgar Allan Poe, eccentric painter paints his young wife, ignoring her, she dies while he finishes
The Unknown Masterpiece
Honoré de Balzac, Nicolas Poussin visits painter Porbus along with Frenhofer. Frenhofer admits his own painting, La Belle noiseuse, remains unfinished. Uses Gillete (Poussin's gf) as a model. Kills himself when the painting isn't up to par
Sherwood Anderson, Enoch Robinson, can't tolerate people beyond the imaginary ones in his head, imaginary people follow a woman in his complex out of Enoch's apartment, tells George Willard the tale
GradeSaver (TM) ClassicNotes
The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket
The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket : Study Guide : The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket Summary
The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket
Edgar Allan Poe, Pym not wanting to tell story, Augustus Barnard teaches him sailing, sneaks aboard the Grampus and is left in the hull for several days while a mutiny happens, Dirk Peters (half-Native American), take back the ship and are lost at sea, eat a mutinier, Augustus dies, rescued by Captain Guy, meet indians (Too-wit), Peters and Pym survive attack by natives, steal canoe and hostage, ends as they reach a huge white figure
The Raft Passage
Mark Twain, left out of Huckleberry Finn
A Rose For Emily
William Faulkner, funeral of Emily Grierson and Homer, cousins come and interfere, "hereditary obligation" for the town to just deal with her, Homer's dead body is found in her room after she dies, Emily becomes more and more sculptural, shifting perspective
The Lottery
Shirley Jackson, In the first round of the lottery, the head of each family draws a small slip of paper from a black box; Bill Hutchinson gets the one slip with a black spot, meaning that his family has been chosen. In the next round, each Hutchinson family member draws a slip, and Bill's wife Tessie gets the marked slip. In keeping with tradition, each villager obtains a stone and begins to surround Tessie. The story ends as Tessie is stoned to death while she bemoans the unfairness of the situation.
Hong Kingston, from The Woman Warrior, Brave Orchid studies medicine and then returns to her Chinese village where she's praised as a killer of ghosts, teaches daughter that all white people are ghosts, blending of the animal and the human
The Mark of the Beast
Rudyard Kipling, Fleete goes to India, desecrates Hanuman statue by stopping a cigarette on the statues forehead, is bitten by a priest and begins to act like he has rabies, friends force the priest to remove the spirit, Fleete remembers nothing
The Diary of Mr. Poynter
M.R. James, "Mr James Denton, M.A., F.S.A., etc., etc.," comes across a local diary from a Mr. Poynter, A fabric sample fallen out of an old diary seems like "just the thing" for some new curtains and inspires a man to have the pattern reproduced-- but there's something sinister in those sinuous lines, "what he had been touching" — not the dog, but a man-shaped figure on all fours covered with hair — "rose to meet him".
Huck Finn Passage
Homoeroticism, feminization, unreliable narrators, tale within a tale, threat of domesticity, being buried alive/pregnancy.
a writers assistant who documents their speaking, Found in frame narrative, AGP (Poe writing from the perspective of a guy who is Poe telling Mr. P what to write)
Polymorphous perversity
a skewing of gender and sexual desires, character without well-defined gender or sexual boundaries, Multifaceted, multi-layered definition of desire (AGP, Berenice, Huck Finn)
Oceanic infancy
suggests lack of boundaries, return to the womb, no distinctions between self and other (AGP)
Male Pregnancy
AGP, "drinking the muddy Mississippi" "baby in the barrel" -literal embodiment of pregnancy
"translating" the art on the wall in to writing, when people are being dicks about art
"Yellow Wallpaper,"a manuscript or piece of writing material on which the original writing has been effaced to make room for later writing but of which traces remain.
Frame Narrative
The frame story leads readers from a first story into another, smaller one (or several ones) within it, AGP
move from religion to nonreligious
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one
AGP, the ship of the dead, the gulls eating the dead bodies, AGP's desire to eat the dead bodies, red room
an inner masculine part of the female personality in the analytic psychology of C. G. Jung
Gender Construction
Jolly Corner, Fall of the House of Usher, William Wilson, Black Cat
connotative of beauty, over realistic, tableau, structured, not symmetrical necessarily, FOTHOU
aesthetic term in relation to the representation of reality, realistically, Desire something from seeing someone else's desire of it
Female Sensitive
Yellow Wallpaper, Jolly Corner
a person who has returned, esp. supposedly from the dead. (Madeline FOTHOU, Ligeia, Oval Portrait)
Turn of the Screw, Fall of the House of Usher, Huck Finn
set in the abyss, two mirrors, sublime